MPTUTIL(8) BSD System Manager's Manual MPTUTIL(8)NAMEmptutil — Utility for managing LSI Fusion-MPT controllers
mptutil [-u unit] show adapter
mptutil [-u unit] show config
mptutil [-u unit] show drives
mptutil [-u unit] show events
mptutil [-u unit] show volumes
mptutil [-u unit] fail drive
mptutil [-u unit] online drive
mptutil [-u unit] offline drive
mptutil [-u unit] name volume name
mptutil [-u unit] volume status volume
mptutil [-u unit] volume cache volume enable|disable
mptutil [-u unit] clear
mptutil [-u unit] create type [-q] [-v] [-s stripe_size]
mptutil [-u unit] delete volume
mptutil [-u unit] add drive [volume]
mptutil [-u unit] remove drive
The mptutil utility can be used to display or modify various parameters
on LSI Fusion-MPT controllers. Each invocation of mptutil consists of
zero or more global options followed by a command. Commands may support
additional optional or required arguments after the command.
Currently one global option is supported:
unit specifies the unit of the controller to work with. If no
unit is specified, then unit 0 is used.
Volumes may be specified in two forms. First, a volume may be identified
by its location as [xx:]yy where xx is the bus ID and yy is the target
ID. If the bus ID is omitted, the volume is assumed to be on bus 0.
Second, on the volume may be specified by the corresponding daX device,
such as da0.
The mpt(4) controller divides drives up into two categories. Configured
drives belong to a RAID volume either as a member drive or as a hot
spare. Each configured drive is assigned a unique device ID such as 0 or
1 that is show in show config, and in the first column of show drives.
Any drive not associated with a RAID volume as either a member or a hot
spare is a standalone drive. Standalone drives are visible to the oper‐
ating system as SCSI disk devices. As a result, drives may be specified
in three forms. First, a configured drive may be identified by its
device ID. Second, any drive may be identified by its location as xx:yy
where xx is the bus ID and yy is the target ID for each drive as dis‐
played in show drives. Note that unlike volumes, a drive location always
requires the bus ID to avoid confusion with device IDs. Third, a stand‐
alone drive that is not part of a volume may be identified by its corre‐
sponding daX device as displayed in show drives.
The mptutil utility supports several different groups of commands. The
first group of commands provide information about the controller, the
volumes it manages, and the drives it controls. The second group of com‐
mands are used to manage the physical drives attached to the controller.
The third group of commands are used to manage the logical volumes man‐
aged by the controller. The fourth group of commands are used to manage
the drive configuration for the controller.
The informational commands include:
Displays the version of mptutil.
Displays information about the RAID controller such as the model
Displays the volume and drive configuration for the controller.
Each volume is listed along with the physical drives that the
volume spans. If any hot spare drives are configured, then they
are listed as well.
Lists all of the physical drives attached to the controller.
Display all the entries from the controller's event log. Due to
lack of documentation this command isn't very useful currently
and just dumps each log entry in hex.
Lists all of the logical volumes managed by the controller.
The physical drive management commands include:
Mark drive as “failed requested”. Note that this state is dif‐
ferent from the “failed” state that is used when the firmware
fails a drive. Drive must be a configured drive.
Mark drive as an online drive. Drive must be part a configured
drive in either the “offline” or “failed requested” states.
Mark drive as offline. Drive must be a configured, online drive.
The logical volume management commands include:
name volume name
Sets the name of volume to name.
volume cache volume enable|disable
Enables or disables the drive write cache for the member drives
volume status volume
Display more detailed status about a single volume including the
current progress of a rebuild operation if one is being per‐
The configuration commands include:
clear Delete the entire configuration including all volumes and spares.
All drives will become standalone drives.
create type [-q] [-v] [-s stripe_size] drive[,drive[,...]]
Create a new volume. The type specifies the type of volume to
create. Currently supported types include:
raid0 Creates one RAID0 volume spanning the drives listed in
the single drive list.
raid1 Creates one RAID1 volume spanning the drives listed in
the single drive list.
raid1e Creates one RAID1E volume spanning the drives listed in
the single drive list.
Note: Not all volume types are supported by all controllers.
If the -q flag is specified after type, then a “quick” initial‐
ization of the volume will be done. This is useful when the
drives do not contain any existing data that need to be pre‐
If the -v flag is specified after type, then more verbose output
will be enabled. Currently this just provides notification as
drives are added to volumes when building the configuration.
The -s stripe_size parameter allows the stripe size of the array
to be set. By default a stripe size of 64K is used. The list of
valid values for a given type are listed in the output of show
Delete the volume volume. Member drives will become standalone
add drive [volume]
Mark drive as a hot spare. Drive must not be a member of a vol‐
ume. If volume is specified, then the hot spare will be dedi‐
cated to that volume. Otherwise, drive will be used as a global
hot spare backing all volumes for this controller. Note that
drive must be as large as the smallest drive in all of the vol‐
umes it is going to back.
Remove the hot spare drive from service. It will become a stand‐
Mark the drive at bus 0 target 4 as offline:
mptutil offline 0:4
Create a RAID1 array from the two standalone drives da1 and da2:
mptutil create raid1 da1,da2
Mark standalone drive da3 as a global hot spare:
mptutil add da3
The mptutil utility first appeared in FreeBSD 8.0.
The handling of spare drives appears to be unreliable. The mpt(4)
firmware manages spares via spare drive “pools”. There are eight pools
numbered 0 through 7. Each spare drive can only be assigned to a single
pool. Each volume can be backed by any combination of zero or more spare
pools. The mptutil utility attempts to use the following algorithm for
managing spares. Global spares are always assigned to pool 0, and all
volumes are always backed by pool 0. For dedicated spares, mptutil
assigns one of the remaining 7 pools to each volume and assigns dedicated
drives to that pool. In practice however, it seems that assigning a
drive as a spare does not take effect until the box has been rebooted.
Also, the firmware renumbers the spare pool assignments after a reboot
which undoes the effects of the algorithm above. Simple cases such as
assigning global spares seem to work ok (albeit requiring a reboot to
take effect) but more “exotic” configurations may not work reliably.
Drive configuration commands result in an excessive flood of messages on
The mpt version 1 API that is used by mptutil and mpt(4) doesn't support
volumes above two terabytes. This is a limitation of the API. If you
are using this adapter with volumes larger than two terabytes, use the
adapter in JBOD mode. Utilize geom(8), zfs(8), or another software vol‐
ume manager to work around this limitation.
BSD August 16, 2009 BSD