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MS(6)									 MS(6)

       ms - macros for formatting manuscripts

       nroff -ms [ options ] file ...
       troff -ms [ options ] file ...

       This  package of nroff and troff(1) macro definitions provides a canned
       formatting facility for technical papers in various formats.

       The macro requests are defined below.  Many nroff  and  troff  requests
       are unsafe in conjunction with this package, but the following requests
       may be used with impunity after the first .PP:

       Output of the eqn(1), tbl(1),  pic(1)  and  grap(1)  preprocessors  for
       equations, tables, pictures, and graphs is acceptable as input.


       M. E. Lesk, ``Typing Documents on the UNIX System: Using the -ms Macros
       with Troff and Nroff'', Unix Research System Programmer's Manual, Tenth
       Edition, Volume 2.
       eqn(1), troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1)

			 Request    Initial Cause Explanation
				    Value   Break
			 .1C	    yes	    yes	  One column format on	a  new
			 page.	 .2C	    no	    yes	  Two  column  format.
			 .AB	    no	    yes	  Begin		     abstract.
			 .AE	    -	    yes	  End		     abstract.
			 .AI	    no	    yes	  Author's  institution	  fol‐
			 lows.		  Suppressed	      in	  .TM.
			 .AT	    no	    yes	  Print	 `Attached'  and  turn
			 off  line filling.  .AU x y	no	yes   Author's
			 name follows.	x is  location	and  y	is  extension,
			 ignored except in TM.	.B x y z   no	   no	 Print
			 x in boldface, append roman y and preface with z;  if
			 no	  argument	 switch	     to	     boldface.
			 .B1	    no	    yes	  Begin text to be enclosed in
			 a box.	 .B2	    no	    yes	  End boxed text.  .BI
			 x y z	 no	 no    Print x in bold italic,	append
			 roman	y and preface with z; if no argument switch to
			 bold italic.  .BT	  date	  no	Bottom	title,
			 automatically	invoked at foot of page.  May be rede‐
			 fined.	 .BX x	    no	    no	  Print x  in  a  box.
			 .CW  x	 y  z no      no    Constant width font for x,
			 append roman y and preface with  z;  if  no  argument
			 switch		  to	      constant		width.
			 .CT	    no	    yes	  Print `Copies to'  and  turn
			 off  line  filling.   .DA  x	   nroff   no	 `Date
			 line' at bottom of page  is  x.   Default  is	today.
			 .DE	    -	    yes	  End displayed text.  Implies
			 .KE.	.DS  x	    no	    yes	  Start	 of  displayed
			 text,	 to  appear  verbatim  line-by-line:  indented
			 (default), left-justified, centered, (block) centered
			 with	 straight    left    margin.	Implies	  .KS.
			 .EG	    no	    -	  Print document in BTL format
			 for	`Engineer's    Notes.'	   Must	   be	first.
			 .EN	    -	    yes	  Space	 after	equation  pro‐
			 duced	   by	  neqn	   or	  eqn(1).     .EQ    x
			 y    -	      yes   Display equation.  Equation number
			 is   y.    Optional   x   is  I,  L,  C  as  in  .DS.
			 .FE	    -	    yes	  End	   footnote.	   .FP
			 x	-	no    Set font positions for a family,
			 e.g., .FS	  no	  no	Start  footnote.   The
			 note  will  be	 moved	to  the	 bottom	 of  the page.
			 .HO	    -	    no	  `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel,
			 New  Jersey  07733'.  .I x y z	  no	  no	Itali‐
			 cize x, append roman y and  preface  with  z;	if  no
			 argument	   switch	   to	       italic.
			 .IH	    no	    no	  `Bell		 Laboratories,
			 Naperville,		  Illinois		60540'
			 .IM	    no	    no	  Print document in BTL format
			 for  an  internal  memorandum.	 Must be first.	 .IP x
			 y    no      yes   Start  indented  paragraph,	  with
			 hanging  tag  x.   Indentation	 is y ens (default 5).
			 .KE	    -	    yes	  End keep.  Put kept text  on
			 next	   page	     if	     not      enough	 room.
			 .KF	    no	    yes	  Start floating keep.	If the
			 kept text must be moved to the next page, float later
			 text	     back	 to	    this	 page.
			 .KS	    no	    yes	  Start	   keeping   following
			 text.	.LG	   no	   no	 Make letters  larger.
			 .LP	    yes	    yes	  Start	  left-blocked	 para‐
			 graph.	 .LT	    no	    yes	  Start	 a  letter;  a
			 non-empty  first argument produces a full Lucent let‐
			 terhead, a second argument is a room number, a	 third
			 argument	is	 a	telephone      number.
			 .MF	    -	    -	  Print document in BTL format
			 for   `Memorandum   for   File.'    Must   be	first.
			 .MH	    -	    no	  `Bell	 Laboratories,	Murray
			 Hill,		 New	       Jersey	       07974'.
			 .MR	    -	    -	  Print document in BTL format
			 for  `Memorandum  for	Record.'   Must be first.  .ND
			 date	troff	no    Use date supplied (if any)  only
			 in  special  BTL  format  positions;  omit  from page
			 footer.  .NH n	     -	     yes   Same as  .SH,  with
			 automatic  section numbers like `1.2.3'; n is subsec‐
			 tion level (default 1).  If n is 0, reset the number‐
			 ing.	.NL	   yes	   no	 Make  letters	normal
			 size.	.P1	   -	   yes	 Begin program display
			 in constant width font.  .P2	     -	     yes   End
			 program display.   .PE	       -       yes   End  pic‐
			 ture;	see pic(1).  .PF	-	yes   End pic‐
			 ture;	      restore	     vertical	     position.
			 .PP	    no	    yes	  Begin paragraph.  First line
			 indented.  .PS	 h  w	 -	 yes   Start  picture;
			 height	       and	  width	      in       inches.
			 .PY	    -	    no	  `Bell Laboratories,  Piscat‐
			 away,	New Jersey 08854' .QE	     -	     yes   End
			 quoted	  material.	.QP	   -	   yes	 Begin
			 quoted	    paragraph	  (indent    both    margins).
			 .QS	    -	    yes	  Begin	   quoted     material
			 (indent		 both		     margins).
			 .R	    yes	    no	  Roman	    text      follows.
			 .RE	    -	    yes	  End  relative	 indent level.
			 .RP	    no	    -	  Cover sheet and  first  page
			 for  released	paper.	 Must  precede other requests.
			 .RS	    -	    yes	  Start	 level	 of   relative
			 indentation from which subsequent indentation is mea‐
			 sured.	 .SG x	    no	    yes	  Insert  signature(s)
			 of  author(s),	 ignored  except in .TM and .LT.  x is
			 the reference line (initials of author	 and  typist).
			 .SH	    -	    yes	  Section  head	 follows, font
			 automatically	bold.	 .SM	    no	    no	  Make
			 letters  smaller.   .TA x...	5...	no    Set tabs
			 in    ens.	Default	   is	 5    10    15	   ...
			 .TE	    -	    yes	  End	table;	 see   tbl(1).
			 .TH	    -	    yes	  End heading section  of  ta‐
			 ble.	   .TL	      no      yes   Title     follows.
			 .TM x...   no	    -	  Print document in BTL	 tech‐
			 nical	memorandum  format.   Arguments are TM number,
			 (quoted list of) case	number(s),  and	 file  number.
			 Must	   precede	other	   requests.	   .TR
			 x	-	-     Print in	BTL  technical	report
			 format;  report  number  is  x.   Must be first.  .TS
			 x	-	yes   Begin table; if  x  is  H	 table
			 heading    is	  repeated    on   new	 pages.	   .UL
			 x	-	no    Underline	 argument   (even   in
			 troff).  .UX y z    -	     no	   `zUNIXy'; first use
			 gives	     registered	      trademark	       notice.
			 .WH	    -	    no	  `Bell	  Laboratories,	 Whip‐
			 pany, New Jersey 07981'.

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