msync man page on Oracle

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MSYNC(2)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      MSYNC(2)

       msync - synchronize a file with a memory map

       #include <sys/mman.h>

       int msync(void *addr, size_t length, int flags);

       msync()	flushes	 changes  made	to the in-core copy of a file that was
       mapped into memory using mmap(2) back to disk.	Without	 use  of  this
       call  there  is	no guarantee that changes are written back before mun‐
       map(2) is called.  To be more precise, the part of the file that corre‐
       sponds  to the memory area starting at addr and having length length is

       The flags argument may have the bits MS_ASYNC, MS_SYNC, and  MS_INVALI‐
       DATE  set,  but not both MS_ASYNC and MS_SYNC.  MS_ASYNC specifies that
       an update be scheduled, but the call returns immediately.  MS_SYNC asks
       for  an	update	and  waits  for it to complete.	 MS_INVALIDATE asks to
       invalidate other mappings of the same file (so that they can be updated
       with the fresh values just written).

       On  success,  zero is returned.	On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

       EBUSY  MS_INVALIDATE was specified in flags, and a memory  lock	exists
	      for the specified address range.

       EINVAL addr  is	not  a	multiple  of  PAGESIZE;	 or any bit other than
	      MS_ASYNC | MS_INVALIDATE | MS_SYNC is  set  in  flags;  or  both
	      MS_SYNC and MS_ASYNC are set in flags.

       ENOMEM The indicated memory (or part of it) was not mapped.


       This  call was introduced in Linux 1.3.21, and then used EFAULT instead
       of ENOMEM.  In Linux 2.4.19 this was changed to the POSIX value ENOMEM.

       On   POSIX   systems   on   which   msync()    is    available,	  both
       _POSIX_MAPPED_FILES   and   _POSIX_SYNCHRONIZED_IO   are	  defined   in
       <unistd.h> to a value greater than 0.  (See also sysconf(3).)


       B.O. Gallmeister, POSIX.4, O'Reilly, pp. 128-129 and 389-391.

       This page is part of release 3.53 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at

Linux				  2008-04-22			      MSYNC(2)

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