net80211 man page on FreeBSD

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   9747 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
FreeBSD logo
[printable version]

NET80211(4)		 BSD Kernel Interfaces Manual		   NET80211(4)

NAME
     net80211 — standard interface to IEEE 802.11 devices

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>
     #include <net/if.h>
     #include <net/ethernet.h>
     #include <net80211/ieee80211_ioctl.h>

DESCRIPTION
     This section describes the standard programming interface to configure
     and retrieve status information for IEEE 802.11 devices that depend on
     the wlan(4) module for operation.	The interface is via one of the fol‐
     lowing ioctl(2) calls on a socket:

     SIOCG80211	 Get configuration or status information.

     SIOCS80211	 Set configuration information.

     These requests are made via a modified ifreq structure.  This structure
     is defined as follows:

     struct ieee80211req {
	     char	     i_name[IFNAMSIZ];	     /* if_name, e.g. "wi0" */
	     u_int16_t	     i_type;		     /* req type */
	     int16_t	     i_val;		     /* Index or simple value */
	     int16_t	     i_len;		     /* Index or simple value */
	     void	     *i_data;		     /* Extra data */
     };

     Requests that are not supported by the underlying device return -1 and
     set the global variable errno to EOPNOTSUPP.  SIOCG80211 requests that
     return data to an application place small values in i_val or in a user-
     specified buffer pointed to by i_data.  When an indirect buffer is used
     i_len specifies how large the indirect buffer is and on return it is set
     by the system to the actual amount of data returned.  SIOCS80211 requests
     use a similar scheme with data passed to the system taken either from
     i_val or an indirect buffer pointed to by i_data.

     For SIOCG80211 the following values of i_type are valid:

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU
	     Return whether or not AMPDU is enabled in i_val.  AMPDU is an
	     aggregation scheme that is part of the 802.11n specification and
	     is used only when operating on an HT channel.  The value returned
	     is one of: 0 (AMPDU disabled), 1 (AMPDU enabled for transmit), 2
	     (AMPDU enabled for receive), and 3 (AMPDU enabled for transmit
	     and receive).  The 802.11n specification says a compliant station
	     must receive AMPDU but may not support transmitting AMPDU frames.
	     Disabling AMPDU receive is mainly useful for testing and working
	     around bugs.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_DENSITY
	     Return the minimum density for bursting AMPDU frames in i_val.
	     The value returned is one of: 0 (no time restriction), 1 (1/4
	     usec), 2 (1/2 usec), 3 (1 usec), 4 (2 usec), 5 (4 usec), 6 (8
	     usec), and 7 (16 usec).

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_LIMIT
	     Return the limit on the size of AMPDU frames in i_val.  The value
	     returned is one of: 0 (8 kilobytes), 1 (16 kilobytes), 2 (32
	     kilobytes), and 3 (64 kilobytes).

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU
	     Return whether or not AMSDU is enabled in i_val.  AMSDU is an
	     aggregation scheme that is part of the 802.11n specification and
	     is used only when operating on an HT channel.  The value returned
	     is one of: 0 (AMSDU disabled), 1 (AMSDU enabled for transmit), 2
	     (AMSDU enabled for receive), and 3 (AMSDU enabled for transmit
	     and receive).  The 802.11n specification says a compliant station
	     must receive AMSDU but may not support transmitting AMSDU frames.
	     Disabling AMSDU receive is mainly useful for testing and working
	     around bugs.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU_LIMIT
	     Return the limit on the size of AMSDU frames in i_val.  The value
	     returned is one of: 3839 (bytes) and 7935 (bytes).	 Note these
	     values are specified by 802.11n; arbitrary values are not
	     allowed.

     IEEE80211_IOC_APBRIDGE
	     Return whether AP bridging is enabled in i_val.  Normally packets
	     sent between stations associated to the same access point are
	     delivered without going through system layers that do packet fil‐
	     tering; when AP bridging is disabled packets are passed up the
	     system to be forwarded using some other mechanism.	 This value
	     will be non-zero when AP bridging is enabled and otherwise zero.

     IEEE80211_IOC_APPIE
	     Return an application information element via i_data.  Applica‐
	     tion IE's are maintained for many 802.11 frames; the request must
	     identify the frame to return an IE for in i_val.  For example, to
	     retrieve the IE sent in each Beacon frame i_val would be set to
	     IEEE80211_FC0_SUBTYPE_BEACON | IEEE80211_FC0_TYPE_MGT.  If no
	     information element is installed then EINVAL is returned.	If the
	     data buffer for returning data is too small to hold the informa‐
	     tion element the value is truncated; this permits querying the
	     presence of data by requesting zero bytes of data be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AUTHMODE
	     Return the current authentication mode in i_val.  Valid values
	     are IEEE80211_AUTH_NONE (no authentication), IEEE80211_AUTH_OPEN
	     (open authentication), IEEE80211_AUTH_SHARED (shared key authen‐
	     tication), IEEE80211_AUTH_8021X (802.1x only authentication), and
	     IEEE80211_AUTH_WPA (WPA/802.11i/802.1x authentication).

     IEEE80211_IOC_BEACON_INTERVAL
	     Return the time between Beacon frames (in TU) in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN
	     Return whether background scanning is enabled in i_val.  When
	     this value is non-zero and operating in station mode the station
	     will periodically leave the current channel and scan for neigh‐
	     boring stations.  See also IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_IDLE and
	     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_INTERVAL.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_IDLE
	     Return in i_val the minimum time (msecs) a station must be idle
	     (i.e. not transmitting or receiving frames) before it will do a
	     background scan.  See also IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_INTERVAL.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_INTERVAL
	     Return in i_val the minimum time (seconds) between background
	     scan operations.  See also IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_IDLE.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BMISSTHRESHOLD
	     Return in i_val the number of consecutive missed Beacon frames
	     before the system will attempt to roam to a different/better
	     access point.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BSSID
	     Return the MAC address for the current BSS identifier via i_data.
	     When the interface is running, the bssid is either the value con‐
	     figured locally (e.g. for an IBSS network started by the local
	     station) or the value adopted when joing an existing network.
	     For WDS interfaces this value is the address of the remote sta‐
	     tion.  When the interface is not running, the bssid returned is
	     the desired bssid, if any, that has been configured.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BURST
	     Return whether or not packet bursting is enabled in i_val.	 If
	     this value is non-zero then the system will try to send packets
	     closely spaced to improve throughput.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CHANINFO
	     Return the set of available channels via i_data.  Note this data
	     should be used by user applications to map between channel speci‐
	     fications (frequency and attributes) and IEEE channel numbers as
	     user applications may not have the necessary information to do
	     this directly (e.g. for 900MHz radios, operation in the Public
	     Safety Band).

     IEEE80211_IOC_CHANLIST
	     Return the current list of usable channels via i_data.  The chan‐
	     nel list is returned as a bit vector with bit N set to 1 if IEEE
	     channel number N is available for use.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CHANNEL
	     Return the IEEE channel number of the current channel in i_val.
	     Note this request is deprecated; use IEEE80211_IOC_CURCHAN
	     instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_COUNTERMEASURES
	     Return whether TKIP Countermeasures are enabled in i_val.	This
	     value will be non-zero when Countermeasures are enabled and oth‐
	     erwise zero.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CURCHAN
	     Return information for the current channel via i_data.  This
	     information includes the IEEE channel number, the frequency, and
	     attributes that describe the operating constraints (e.g. Passive
	     Scan, DFS, usage restrictions).

     IEEE80211_IOC_DEVCAPS
	     Return device capabilities in the data buffer pointed at by
	     i_data.  The buffer must be large enough to return the number of
	     available channels but otherwise may be made small to limit how
	     much information is returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DFS
	     Return whether or not Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) is
	     enabled in i_val.	DFS embodies several facilities including
	     detection of overlapping radar signals, dynamic transmit power
	     control, and channel selection according to a least-congested
	     criteria.	DFS support is mandatory for some 5Ghz frequencies in
	     certain locales (e.g. ETSI).  By default DFS is enabled according
	     to the regulatory definitions and the curent country code, regdo‐
	     main, and channel.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DOTD
	     Return whether or not 802.11d support is enabled in i_val.	 When
	     802.11d is enabled in station mode, Beacon frames that advertise
	     a country code different than the currently configured country
	     code will cause an event to be dispatched to user applications.
	     This event can be used by the station to adopt that country code
	     and operate according to the associated regulatory constraints.
	     When operating as an access point with 802.11d enabled the Beacon
	     and ProbeResponse frames transmitted will advertise the current
	     regulatory domain settings.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DOTH
	     Return whether 802.11h support is enabled in i_val.  When 802.11h
	     is enabled Beacon and ProbeResponse frames will have the Spec‐
	     trumMgt bit set in the capabilities field and country and power
	     constraint information elements will be present.  802.11h support
	     also includes handling Channel Switch Announcements (CSA) which
	     are a mechanism to coordinate channel changes by an access point.
	     By default 802.11h is enabled if the device is capable.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DROPUNENCRYPTED
	     Return, in i_val, whether unencrypted packets transmit/received
	     should be discarded.  This value will be zero if unecrypted pack‐
	     ets will be accepted and non-zero if they are to be discarded.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DTIM_PERIOD
	     Return the period (in beacon intervals) between DTIM events in
	     i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DWDS
	     Return, in i_val, whether or not Dynamic WDS support is enabled.
	     Dynamic WDS is a facility by which packets may be tunneled over
	     normal Infrastructure BSS associations using 4-address (WDS)
	     frames.

     IEEE80211_IOC_FF
	     Return, in i_val, whether Atheros fast-frames support is enabled.
	     Fast-frames is a non-standard protocol extension that aggregates
	     multiple frames to improve throughput.  Note that enabling fast-
	     frames support does not guarantee use; the client and access
	     point must negotiate its use.

     IEEE80211_IOC_FRAGTHRESHOLD
	     Return, in i_val, the threshold (in bytes) for enabling fragmen‐
	     tation frames.  Packets larger than this value will automatically
	     be split into multiple fragmented frames that are sent one after
	     the other.

     IEEE80211_IOC_GREENFIELD
	     Return, in i_val, whether or not Greenfield preamble use is
	     enabled.  This  setting is meaningful only when operating with
	     802.11n on an HT channel.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HIDESSID
	     Return, in i_val, whether SSID hiding/cloaking is enabled.	 SSID
	     hiding is only meaningful when operating as an access point.
	     When this is enabled Beacon frames do not include the SSID and
	     ProbeRequest frames are not answered unless they include the AP's
	     SSID.  This value will be non-zero when SSID hiding is enabled
	     and otherwise zero.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTCOMPAT
	     Return, in i_val, whether or not 802.11n compatibility support is
	     enabled.  The 802.11n protocol specification went through several
	     incompatible iterations.  Some vendors implemented 11n support to
	     older specifications that will not interoperate with a purely
	     11n-compliant station.  In particular the information elements
	     included in management frames for old devices are different.
	     When compatibility support is enabled both standard and compati‐
	     ble data will be provided and/or accepted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTCONF
	     Return the setting for automatic promotion of HT channels in
	     i_val.  Promotion happens when the system must select a channel
	     and may choose between legacy, HT20, and HT40 operation (e.g.
	     when scanning).  Valid values are: 0 (do not promote, use
	     legacy), 1 (promote to HT20), and 2 (promote to HT40),

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTPROTMODE
	     Return, in i_val, the technique used to protect HT frames in a
	     mixed 802.11n network.  Valid values are: IEEE80211_PROTMODE_OFF
	     (no protection enabled) and IEEE80211_PROTMODE_RTSCTS (send RTS
	     and wait for CTS).

     IEEE80211_IOC_HWMP_MAXHOPS
	     Return the maximum acceptable hop count in an HWMP path in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HWMP_ROOTMODE
	     Return the setting for Mesh root mode operation in i_val.	Valid
	     values are: IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_DISABLED (root mode is dis‐
	     abled), IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_NORMAL (send broadcast Path
	     Request frames), IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_PROACTIVE (send broad‐
	     cast Path Request frames and force replies) and
	     IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_RANN (send broadcast Root Announcement
	     (RANN) frames).

     IEEE80211_IOC_INACTIVITY
	     Return whether or not the system handles inactivity processing in
	     i_val.  When inactivity processing is enabled the system will
	     track stations that have not trasmitted frames and periodically
	     probe them to check if they are still present.  Stations that are
	     inactive and do not respond to probes are dropped.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MACCMD
	     Return information about the state of the MAC address access con‐
	     trol list (ACL) system.  There are two requests supported:
	     IEEE80211_MACCMD_POLICY (to retrieve the current policy in i_val
	     ), and IEEE80211_MACCMD_LIST to retrieve the list
	     installed/active ACL's via i_data.	 The wlan_acl(4) module must
	     be installed and enabled or EINVAL will be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_AP
	     Return whether or not Mesh AP support is enabled in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_ID
	     Return the Mesh ID in the buffer pointed to by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_FWRD
	     Return whether or not packet forwarding support is enabled in
	     i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_PP_METRIC
	     Return the link metric protocol in the buffer pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_PP_PATH
	     Return the path selection protocol in the buffer pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_RTCMD
	     Return information about the state of the Mesh routing tables.
	     One request is supported: IEEE80211_MESH_RTCMD_LIST to retrieve
	     the contents of the routing table in the buffer pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_TTL
	     Return, in i_val, the Mesh Time To Live (TTL) setting installed
	     in packets transmitted by this mesh node.

     IEEE80211_IOC_NUMSSIDS
	     Return the number of SSIDs supported in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_NUMWEPKEYS
	     Return the number of WEP keys supported in i_val

     IEEE80211_IOC_POWERSAVE
	     Return the current powersaving mode in i_val.  Valid values are
	     IEEE80211_POWERSAVE_OFF (power save operation is disabled) and
	     IEEE80211_POWERSAVE_ON (power save operation is enabled).

     IEEE80211_IOC_POWERSAVESLEEP
	     Return the powersave sleep time in TU in i_val.  This value is
	     also termed the listen interval and represents the maximum time a
	     station will sleep before waking to retrieve packets buffered by
	     an access point.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
	     Return the current MLME setting for PRIVACY in i_val.  When PRI‐
	     VACY is enabled all data packets must be encrypted.  This value
	     will be zero if PRIVACY is disabled and non-zero when PRIVACY is
	     enabled.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PROTMODE
	     Return the current 802.11g protection mode in i_val.  Protection
	     is the mechanism used to safeguard 802.11b stations operating on
	     an 802.11g network.  Valid values are IEEE80211_PROTMODE_OFF (no
	     protection enabled), IEEE80211_PROTMODE_CTS (send CTS to your‐
	     self), and IEEE80211_PROTMODE_RTSCTS (send RTS and wait for CTS).

     IEEE80211_IOC_PUREG
	     Return whether ``pure 11g'' mode is enabled in i_val.  This set‐
	     ting is meaningful only for acces point operation; when non-zero,
	     802.11b stations will not be allowed to associate.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PUREN
	     Return whether ``pure 11n'' mode is enabled in i_val.  This set‐
	     ting is meaningful only for acces point operation; when non-zero,
	     legacy (non-11n capable) stations will not be allowed to asso‐
	     ciate.

     IEEE80211_IOC_REGDOMAIN
	     Return the regulatory state in the buffer pointed to by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_RIFS
	     Return whether or not Reduced InterFrame Spacing (RIFS) is
	     enabled in i_val.	This  setting is meaningful only when operat‐
	     ing with 802.11n on an HT channel.

     IEEE80211_IOC_ROAM
	     Return station roaming parameters in the buffer pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_ROAMING
	     Return the current roaming mode in i_val.	Roaming mode specifies
	     which entity controls operation of the MLME state machine when
	     operating as a station in an Infrastructure BSS.  Valid values
	     are: IEEE80211_ROAMING_DEVICE (driver/firmware is in control),
	     IEEE80211_ROAMING_AUTO (host 802.11 layer is in control), and
	     IEEE80211_ROAMING_MANUAL (application is in control).

     IEEE80211_IOC_RTSTHRESHOLD
	     Return the threshold (in bytes) for enabling transmission of RTS
	     frames in i_val.  Packets larger than this value will automati‐
	     cally have an RTS frame sent preceding it to reduce the likeli‐
	     hood of packet loss.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SCAN_RESULTS
	     Return the current contents of the scan cache in the data area
	     pointed to by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SCANVALID
	     Return in i_val how long (in seconds) results from a scan opera‐
	     tion will be considered valid.  When scan results are no longer
	     valid and they are needed (e.g. to roam) the system will initiate
	     a scan operation to replenish the scan cache.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SHORTGI
	     Return whether or not Short Guard Interval (SGI) is enabled in
	     i_val.  Note SGI is only used when operating with 802.11n on an
	     HT channel.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SMPS
	     Return the Spatial Multiplexing Power Save (SMPS) setting in
	     i_val.  This setting is meaningful only when operating with
	     802.11n on an HT channel.	Valid values are:
	     IEEE80211_HTCAP_SMPS_DYNAMIC (Dynamic SMPS is enabled),
	     IEEE80211_HTCAP_SMPS_ENA (Static SMPS is enabled), and
	     IEEE80211_HTCAP_SMPS_OFF (SMPS is disabled).

     IEEE80211_IOC_SSID
	     Return the requested SSID in the buffer pointed to by i_data.  If
	     i_val is ≥ 0 then the request refers to the configured value for
	     that slot.	 Generally, 0 is the only valid value, but some inter‐
	     faces support more SSIDs.

     IEEE80211_IOC_STA_INFO
	     Return information about the current state of the specified sta‐
	     tion(s) via i_data.  The MAC address of a single station may be
	     passed in or, if the broadcast address is supplied, information
	     about all stations will be returned.  If a single station is
	     requested and the MAC address is unknown then ENOENT will be
	     returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_STA_STATS
	     Return collected statistics for the specified station via i_data.
	     The MAC address of the desired station is passed in; if it is
	     unknown ENOENT will be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_STA_VLAN
	     Return any VLAN tag assigned to a station via i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOT
	     Return the slot number for the station in i_val.  Slot number
	     zero is the master station in a TDMA network.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOTCNT
	     Return the count of slots in the TDMA network in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOTLEN
	     Return the length (in usecs) of the TDMA slot assigned to each
	     station in the network in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_BINTERVAL
	     Return the number of superframes between Beacon frames in i_val.
	     A TDMA network with N slots and slot length T has a superframe of
	     NxT.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TSN
	     Return whether or not Transitional Security Network (TSN) is
	     enabled in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TURBOP
	     Return whether Atheros Dynamic Turbo mode is enabled in i_val.
	     Dynamic Turbo mode is a non-standard protocol extension available
	     only on Atheros devices where channel width is dynamically
	     changed between 20MHz and 40MHz.  Note tht enabling Dynamic Turbo
	     mode support does not guarantee use; both client and access point
	     must use Atheros devices and support must be enabled on both
	     sides.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TXPARAMS
	     Return transmit parameters in the buffer pointed to by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TXPOWER
	     Return the transmit power limit in .5 dBm units in i_val.	This
	     value represents the effective maximum and is calculated accord‐
	     ing to the maximum power allowed by local regulations, any user-
	     specified power limit, and the maximum power the device is capa‐
	     ble of.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TXPOWMAX
	     Return the user-specified maximum transmit power in .5 dBm units
	     in i_val.	The maximum setting is applied after any regulatory
	     cap.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEP
	     Return the current WEP status in i_val.  Valid values are:
	     IEEE80211_WEP_ON (enabled for all packets sent and received),
	     IEEE80211_WEP_OFF (disabled), and IEEE80211_WEP_MIXED (enabled
	     for transmit and receive but also willing to receive unencrypted
	     frames).  This request is deprecated; use IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
	     and IEEE80211_IOC_UNENCRYPTED instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEPKEY
	     Return the requested WEP key via i_data.  The key number is spec‐
	     ified in i_val and may be 0-3.  If the device does not support
	     returning the WEP key or the user is not root then the key may be
	     returned as all zeros.  This request is deprecated in favor of
	     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAKEY.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEPTXKEY
	     Return the number of the WEP key used for transmission in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME
	     Return whether 802.11e/WME/WMM support is enabled in i_val.  This
	     value will be non-zero when support is enabled and otherwise
	     zero.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN
	     Return the WME CWmin setting (log2) for the specified Access
	     Class (AC) in i_val.  The AC is passed in through i_len together
	     with an optional IEEE80211_WMEPARAM_BSS flag to indicate if the
	     parameter for the BSS or the channel is desired.  If WME is not
	     supported then EINVAL wil be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMAX
	     Return the WME CWmax setting (log2) for the specified Access
	     Class (AC) in i_val.  See IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN above for more
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_AIFS
	     Return the WME AIFS setting for the specified Access Class (AC)
	     in i_val.	See IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN above for more details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_TXOPLIMIT
	     Return the WME TxOpLimit (msec) for the specified Access Class
	     (AC) in i_val.  See IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN above for more
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_ACM
	     Return the WME Admission Control Mechanism (ACM) setting for the
	     specified Access Class (AC) in i_val.  This value is meaningful
	     only for the BSS (not channel).  See IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN
	     above for more details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_ACKPOLICY
	     Return the WME ACK Policy setting for the specified Access Class
	     (AC) in i_val.  When this value is zero frames will be transmit‐
	     ted without waiting for an Acknowledgement.  This value is mean‐
	     ingful only for the channel (not BSS).  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN above for more details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPA
	     Return the WPA configuration in i_val.  Valid values are 0 (WPA
	     is not enabled), 1 (WPA1 is enabled), 2 (WPA2/802.11i is
	     enabled), and 3 (WPA1 and WPA2/802.11i are both enabled).

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAIE
	     Return any WPA information element for an associated station via
	     i_data.  The request passed in through i_data identifies the MAC
	     address of the desired station.  If an RSN (802.11i) element is
	     present it is returned; otherwise any WPA element is returned.
	     Note this request is deprecated; use IEEE80211_IOC_WPAIE2
	     instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAIE2
	     Return any WPA information elements for an associated station via
	     i_data.  The request passed in through i_data identifies the MAC
	     address of the desired station.  One or both of RSN (802.11i) and
	     WPA elements may be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAKEY
	     Return the requested cryptographic key in the buffer pointed to
	     by i_data.	 The key number is specified in i_val and may be 0-3.
	     A key number of zero is used to retrieve a station's unicast
	     cipher key when operating with WPA enabled.  If the user is not
	     root then the key data returned is all zeros.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPS
	     Return whether or not Wi-FI Protected Setup (WPS) is enabled in
	     i_val.

     For SIOCS80211 the following values of i_type are valid.  Note that
     changing a value on an interface that is running may cause the interface
     to be ‘reset’.  Resets may be handled without altering the state if the
     parameter does not affect the MLME state (e.g. RTS threshold), but in
     some cases the interface may need to scan for a new network or clear
     state (including any associated stations); in that case the interface is
     said to be ‘restarted’ (it is equivalent to marking the interface down
     and back up).  The information below identifies whether changing a value
     affects the state of a running interface.

     IEEE80211_IOC_ADDMAC
	     Add an entry to the MAC address Access Control List (ACL) data‐
	     base using the value pointed to by i_data.	 The wlan_acl(4) mod‐
	     ule must be installed and enabled or EINVAL will be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU
	     Set whether or not AMPDU is enabled for transmit and/or receive
	     using the value in i_val.	This request causes a running inter‐
	     face operating on an HT channel to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_DENSITY
	     Set the minimum density for bursting AMPDU frames to the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_DENSITY above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_LIMIT
	     Set the limit on the size of AMPDU frames to the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AMPDU_LIMIT above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU
	     Set whether or not AMSDU is enabled for transmit and/or receive
	     using the value in i_val.	This request causes a running inter‐
	     face operating on an HT channel to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU_LIMIT
	     Set the limit on the size of AMSDU frames to the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AMSDU_LIMIT above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_APBRIDGE
	     Set whether AP bridging is enabled using the value in i_val.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_APBRIDGE above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_APPIE
	     Set an application information element using the data pointed to
	     by i_data.	 This request causes a running interface to be
	     restarted if the WPA information element is changed.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_APPIE above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_AUTHMODE
	     Set the current authentication mode using the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be restarted.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_AUTHMODE above for details.	This request causes a
	     running interface to be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BEACON_INTERVAL
	     Set the time between Beacon frames (in TU) to the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN
	     Set whether background scanning is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_IDLE
	     Set the minimum time (in msecs) a station must be idle before it
	     will do a background scan to the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BGSCAN_INTERVAL
	     Set the minimum time (seconds) between background scan operations
	     to the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BMISSTHRESHOLD
	     Set the number of consecutive missed Beacon frames before the
	     system will attempt to roam to the value in i_val.	 This request
	     causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BSSID
	     Set the 802.11 MAC address for the desired BSS identifier accord‐
	     ing to i_data.  This request causes a running interface to be
	     restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_BURST
	     Set whether or not packet bursting is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CHANNEL
	     Set the desired/current channel to the value given by i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to immediately change to
	     the specified channel if possible; otherwise the interface will
	     be restarted.  Note this request is deprecated; use
	     IEEE80211_IOC_CURCHAN instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CHANLIST
	     Set the list of available channels using the channel list pointed
	     to by i_data.  The channel list is a bit vector with bit N set to
	     1 if IEEE channel number N is available for use.  The specified
	     channel list is checked against the set of supported channels and
	     any channels not supported are silently ignored.  If the inter‐
	     section of the channel list and the supported channels is empty
	     EINVAL is returned.  Note the current channel may be marked
	     invalid after installing a new channel list.  This request causes
	     a running interface to be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_COUNTERMEASURES
	     Set whether TKIP Countermeasures are enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request can only be used when the authentication
	     mode is set WPA; otherwise EOPNOTSUPP will be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_CURCHAN
	     Set the current channel using the information referenced by
	     i_data.  This request causes a running interface to immediately
	     change to the specified channel if possible; otherwise the inter‐
	     face will be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DELKEY
	     Delete the key specified by the information referenced by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DELMAC
	     Remove an entry in the MAC address Access Control List (ACL)
	     database using the value pointed to by i_data.  The wlan_acl(4)
	     module must be installed and enabled or EINVAL will be returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DFS
	     Set whether or not Dynamic Frequency Selection (DFS) is enabled
	     using the value in i_val.	This request will fail with EINVAL if
	     802.11h support is not enabled.  See IEEE80211_IOC_DFS above for
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DOTD
	     Set whether or not 802.11d support is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be restarted.
	     See IEEE80211_IOC_DOTD above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DOTH
	     Return whether 802.11h support is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  See IEEE80211_IOC_DOTH above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DROPUNENCRYPTED
	     Set whether unencrypted packets transmit/received should be dis‐
	     carded using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DTIM_PERIOD
	     Set the period (in beacon intervals) between DTIM events to the
	     value in This request causes a running interface to be restarted.
	     i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_DWDS
	     Set whether or not Dynamic WDS support is enabled using the value
	     in i_val.	See IEEE80211_IOC_DWDS above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_FF
	     Set whether Atheros fast-frames support is enabled using the
	     value in i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be
	     restarted.	 See IEEE80211_IOC_FF above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_FRAGTHRESHOLD
	     Set the threshold (in bytes) for enabling fragmentation frames
	     using the value in i_val.	This request causes a running inter‐
	     face to be reset.	See IEEE80211_IOC_FRAGTHRESHOLD above for
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_GREENFIELD
	     Set whether or not Greenfield preamble use is enabled using the
	     value in i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be
	     reset.  See IEEE80211_IOC_GREENFIELD above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HIDESSID
	     Set whether SSID hiding/cloaking is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_HIDESSID above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTCOMPAT
	     Set whether or not 802.11n compatibility support is enabled using
	     the value in i_val.  This request causes a running interface to
	     be reset if operating on HT channel.  See IEEE80211_IOC_HTCOMPAT
	     above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTCONF
	     Set automatic promotion of HT channels using the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be restarted.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_HTCONF above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HTPROTMODE
	     Set the technique used to protect HT frames in a mixed 802.11n
	     network using the value in i_val.	This request causes a running
	     interface to be reset.  See IEEE80211_IOC_HTPROTMODE above for
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_HWMP_MAXHOPS
	     Set the maximum acceptable hop count in an HWMP path according to
	     i_val.  Values must be in the range [0-255].

     IEEE80211_IOC_HWMP_ROOTMODE
	     Set the Mesh root mode operation according to i_val.  Valid val‐
	     ues are IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_DISABLED (root mode is disabled),
	     IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_NORMAL (send broadcast Path Request
	     frames), IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_PROACTIVE (send broadcast Path
	     Request frames and force replies) and
	     IEEE80211_HWMP_ROOTMODE_RANN (send broadcast Root Announcement
	     (RANN) frames).

     IEEE80211_IOC_INACTIVITY
	     Set whether or not the system handles inactivity processing using
	     the value in i_val.  When inactivity processing is enabled the
	     system will track stations that have not trasmitted frames and
	     periodically probe them to check if they are still present.  Sta‐
	     tions that are inactive and do not respond to probes are dropped.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MACCMD
	     Change the state of the MAC address Access Control List (ACL)
	     system.  There are several requests supported:
	     IEEE80211_MACCMD_POLICY_OPEN (set the current policy to disable
	     ACL use), IEEE80211_MACCMD_POLICY_ALLOW (set the current policy
	     to allow only addresses listed in the database),
	     IEEE80211_MACCMD_POLICY_DENY (set the current policy to deny
	     addresses listed in the database), IEEE80211_MACCMD_POLICY_RADUS
	     (set the current policy to enable use of a RADIUS backend),
	     IEEE80211_MACCMD_FLUSH (flush all addresses from the database),
	     and IEEE80211_MACCMD_DETACH (detach the ACL subsystem, disabling
	     it).  The wlan_acl(4) module must be installed or EINVAL will be
	     returned.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_AP
	     Set whether or not Mesh AP support is enabled using i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_FWRD
	     Set whether or not packet forwarding support is enabled using
	     i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_ID
	     Set the Mesh ID using the value pointed to by i_data.  A Mesh ID
	     can be up to IEEE80211_MESHID_LEN bytes long.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_PP_METRIC
	     Set the link metric protocol using the value pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_PP_PATH
	     Set the path selection protocol using the value pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_RTCMD
	     Manipulate the state of the Mesh routing tables.  Several
	     requests are supported: IEEE80211_MESH_RTCMD_FLUSH (flush the
	     contents of the routing table), IEEE80211_MESH_RTCMD_ADD (add an
	     entry for the MAC address specified in i_data and start the Peer
	     discovery process), and IEEE80211_MESH_RTCMD_DELETE (delete the
	     entry corresponding to the MAC address specified in i_data ).

     IEEE80211_IOC_MESH_TTL
	     Set the Mesh Time To Live (TTL) setting installed in packets
	     transmitted by this mesh node using i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_MLME
	     Explicitly control the MLME state machine for a station using the
	     MLME request pointed to by i_data.	 There are several MLME opera‐
	     tions supported: IEEE80211_MLME_ASSOC (request association to an
	     access point), IEEE80211_MLME_DIASSOC (diassociate the specified
	     station), IEEE80211_MLME_DEAUTH (deauthenticate the specified
	     station), IEEE80211_MLME_AUHORIZE (mark the specifed station
	     authorized to pass data frames), IEEE80211_MLME_UNAUTHORIZE
	     (revoke the specified station's ability to pass data frames), and
	     IEEE80211_MLME_AUTH (request authentication to an access point).
	     Note when this facility is used for stations operating in infra‐
	     structure mode the roaming mode should be set to manual.

     IEEE80211_IOC_POWERSAVE
	     Set the current powersaving mode to the value in i_val.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_POWERSAVE above for valid values.  This request
	     causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_POWERSAVESLEEP
	     Set the powersave sleep time in TU to the value in i_val.	This
	     request causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY
	     Set the current MLME setting for PRIVACY using the value in
	     i_val.  See IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PROTMODE
	     Set the current 802.11g protection mode to the value in i_val.
	     This request causes a running interface to be reset.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_PROTMODE above for details.	This request causes a
	     running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PUREG
	     Set whether ``pure 11g'' mode is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be restarted.
	     See IEEE80211_IOC_PUREG above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_PUREN
	     Set whether ``pure 11n'' mode is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be restarted.
	     See IEEE80211_IOC_PUREN above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_REGDOMAIN
	     Set the regulatory state using the data referenced by i_data.
	     This request can only be issued when all interfaces cloned from
	     the underlying physical device are marked down; otherwise EBUSY
	     is returned.  Note the new regulatory data may invalidate any
	     desired channel.

     IEEE80211_IOC_RIFS
	     Set whether or not Reduced InterFrame Spacing (RIFS) is enabled
	     using the value in i_val.	This  setting is meaningful only when
	     operating with 802.11n on an HT channel.  This request causes a
	     running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_ROAM
	     Set station roaming parameters using the data pointed to by
	     i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_ROAMING
	     Set the current roaming mode to the value in i_val.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_ROAMING above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_RTSTHRESHOLD
	     Set the threshold (in bytes) for enabling transmission of RTS
	     frames to the value in i_val.  This request causes a running
	     interface to be reset.  See IEEE80211_IOC_RTSTHRESHOLD above for
	     details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SCANVALID
	     Set the age (in seconds) that results from a scan operation will
	     be considered valid.  When scan results are no longer valid and
	     they are needed (e.g. to roam) the system will initiate a scan
	     operation to replenish the scan cache.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SCAN_REQ
	     Request a scan operation using the parameters pointed to by
	     i_val.  The underlying device must be running or ENXIO will be
	     returned.	Values for sr_duration, sr_mindwell, and sr_maxdwell
	     shorter than 1 clock tick are rounded up to a tick.  If more
	     SSID's are supplied than the system is capable of handling the
	     extra ones are silently ignored.  If a scan operation is already
	     in progress the request will be (silently) ignored.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SCAN_CANCEL
	     Cancel any pending/active scan operation.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SHORTGI
	     Set whether or not Short Guard Interval (SGI) is enabled using
	     the value in i_val.  Note SGI is only used when operating on an
	     HT (802.11n) channel.  This request causes a running interface to
	     be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SMPS
	     Set the Spatial Multiplexing Power Save (SMPS) setting to the
	     value in i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be
	     reset.  See IEEE80211_IOC_SMPS above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_SSID
	     Set the desired SSID using the value pointed to by i_data.	 The
	     string may be at most IEEE80211_NWID_LEN bytes.  This request
	     causes a running interface to be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_STA_STATS
	     Clear accumulated statistics for the specified station.

     IEEE80211_IOC_STA_VLAN
	     Set the VLAN tag for the specified station using the information
	     pointed to by i_data.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_BINTERVAL
	     Set the interval between Beacon frames to the value in i_val.
	     Values must be positive.  This request causes a running interface
	     to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOT
	     Set the current TDMA slot to the value in i_val.  Values must be
	     in the range [0-slotcnt].	Slot 0 identifies the master in the
	     TDMA network; if it running it will immediately start sending
	     Beacon frames.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOTCNT
	     Set the number of slots in the TDMA network to the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TDMA_SLOTLEN
	     Set the length of the TDMA slot assigned to each station in the
	     network to the value in i_val.  Slot lengths must be in the range
	     200 usecs to 1024 milliseconds (though values outside the range
	     1-200ms are unlikely to work well).  This request causes a run‐
	     ning interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TSN
	     Set whether or not Transitional Security Network (TSN) is enabled
	     using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TURBOP
	     Set whether Atheros Dynamic Turbo mode is enabled using the value
	     in i_val.	This request causes a running interface to be
	     restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TXPARAMS
	     Set transmit parameters using the data pointed to be i_data.
	     This request causes a running interface to be restarted.

     IEEE80211_IOC_TXPOWER
	     Set the maximum transmit power limit in .5 dBm units to the value
	     in i_val.	This request causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEP
	     Set the current WEP mode to the value in i_val.  See
	     IEEE80211_IOC_WEP above for valid values.	This request causes a
	     running interface to be restarted.	 Note this request is depre‐
	     cated; use IEEE80211_IOC_PRIVACY and
	     IEEE80211_IOC_DROPUNENCRYPTED instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEPKEY
	     Set the WEP key indicated by i_val using the data pointed to by
	     i_data.  Note this request is deprecated; use
	     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAKEY instead.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WEPTXKEY
	     Set the default transmit key used for transmission to the value
	     in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME
	     Set whether or not WME/WMM support is enabled using the value in
	     i_val.  This request causes a running interface to be reset.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_ACKPOLICY
	     Set the WME ACK Policy for the Access Class (AC) specified in
	     i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_ACM
	     Set the WME Admission Control Mechanism for the Access Class (AC)
	     specified in i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_AIFS
	     Set the WME AIFS parameter for the Access Class (AC) specified in
	     i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMAX
	     Set the WME CWmax parameter for the Access Class (AC) specified
	     in i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_CWMIN
	     Set the WME CWmin parameter for the Access Class (AC) specified
	     in i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WME_TXOPLIMIT
	     Set the WME TxOpLimit parameter for the Access Class (AC) speci‐
	     fied in i_len using the value in i_val.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPA
	     Set the WPA configuration using the value in i_val.  This request
	     causes a running interface to be reset.  See IEEE80211_IOC_WPA
	     above for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPAKEY
	     Set the requested cryptographic key using data in the buffer
	     pointed to by i_data.  See IEEE80211_IOC_WPAKEY for details.

     IEEE80211_IOC_WPS
	     Set whether or not Wi-FI Protected Setup (WPS) is enabled using
	     the value in i_val.

SEE ALSO
     ioctl(2), wlan(4), wlan_acl(4), wlan_xauth(4), ifconfig(8), hostapd(8),
     wpa_supplicant(8).

BSD				 July 10, 2009				   BSD
[top]

List of man pages available for FreeBSD

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Tweet
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
...................................................................
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net