PAGE(1)PAGE(1)NAMEpage - view FAX, image, graphic, PostScript, PDF, and typesetter output
SYNOPSISpage [ -abirPRvVw ] [ -p ppi ] [ file... ]
Page is a general purpose document viewer. It can be used to display
the individual pages of a PostScript, PDF, or tex(1) or troff(1) device
independent output file. Tex or troff output is simply converted to
PostScript in order to be viewed. It can also be used to view any num‐
ber of graphics files (such as a FAX page, a Plan 9 image(6) file, an
Inferno bitmap file, or other common format). Page displays these in
sequence. In the absence of named files, page reads one from standard
By default, page runs in the window in which it is started and leaves
the window unchanged. The -R option causes page to grow the window if
necessary to display the page being viewed. The -w option causes page
to create a new window for itself. The newly created window will grow
as under the -R option. If being used to display multipage documents,
only one file may be specified on the command line.
The -p option sets the resolution for PostScript and PDF files, in pix‐
els per inch. The default is 100 ppi. The -r option reverses the
order in which pages are displayed.
When viewing a document, page will try to guess the true bounding box,
usually rounding up from the file's bounding box to 8½×11 or A4 size.
The -b option causes it to respect the bounding box given in the file.
As a more general problem, some PostScript files claim to conform to
Adobe's Document Structuring Conventions but do not. The -P option
enables a slightly slower and slightly more skeptical version of the
PostScript processing code. Unfortunately, there are PostScript docu‐
ments that can only be viewed with the -P option, and there are Post‐
Script documents that can only be viewed without it.
When viewing images with page, it listens to the image plumbing channel
(see plumber(4)) for more images to display. The -i option causes page
to not load any graphics files nor to read from standard input but
rather to listen for ones to load from the plumbing channel.
The -v option turns on extra debugging output, and the -V option turns
on even more debugging output. The -a option causes page to call
abort(2) rather than exit cleanly on errors, to facilitate debugging.
Pressing and holding button 1 permits panning about the page.
Button 2 raises a menu of operations on the current image or the entire
set. The image transformations are non-destructive and are valid only
for the currently displayed image. They are lost as soon as another
image is displayed. The button 2 menu operations are:
Restores the image to the original. All modifications are lost.
Zoom Prompts the user to sweep a rectangle on the image which is
expanded proportionally to the rectangle.
Resizes the image so that it fits in the current window.
Rotates the image 90 degrees clockwise
Toggles whether images are displayed upside-down.
Next Displays the next page.
Prev Displays the previous page.
Zerox Displays the current image in a new page window. Useful for
selecting important pages from large documents.
Reverses the order in which pages are displayed.
Write Writes the image to file.
Button 3 raises a menu of the pages to be selected for viewing in any
Typing a q or control-D exits the program. Typing a u toggles whether
images are displayed upside-down. (This is useful in the common case
of mistransmitted upside-down faxes). Typing a r reverses the order in
which pages are displayed. Typing a w will write the currently viewed
page to a new file as a compressed image(6) file. When possible, the
filename is of the form basename.pagenum.bit. Typing a d removes an
image from the working set.
To go to a specific page, one can type its number followed by enter.
Typing left arrow, backspace, or minus displays the previous page.
Typing right arrow, space, or enter displays the next page. The up and
down arrow pan up and down one half screen height, changing pages when
panning off the top or bottom of the page.
Page calls gs(1) to draw each page of PostScript and PDF files. It
also calls a variety of conversion programs, such as those described in
jpg(1), to convert the various raster graphics formats into Inferno
bitmap files. Pages are converted ``on the fly,'' as needed.
Display a color PostScript file.
Browse the Inferno bitmap library.
man -tpage | page-w
Preview this manual in a new window.
SEE ALSOgs(1), jpg(1), tex(1), troff(1)SOURCE
The mouse cursor changes to an arrow and ellipsis when page is reading
or writing a file.
Page supports reading of only one document file at a time, and the user
interface is clumsy when viewing very large documents.
When viewing multipage PostScript files that do not contain ``%%Page''
comments, the button 3 menu only contains ``this page'' and ``next
page'': correctly determining page boundaries in Postscript code is not
computable in the general case.
If page has trouble viewing a Postscript file, it might not be exactly
conforming: try viewing it with the -P option.
The interface to the plumber is unsatisfactory. In particular, docu‐
ment references cannot be sent via plumbing messages.
There are too many keyboard commands.