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PERLHIST(1)	       Perl Programmers Reference Guide		   PERLHIST(1)

NAME
       perlhist - the Perl history records

DESCRIPTION
       This document aims to record the Perl source code releases.

INTRODUCTION
       Perl history in brief, by Larry Wall:

	   Perl 0 introduced Perl to my officemates.
	   Perl 1 introduced Perl to the world, and changed /\(...\|...\)/ to
	       /(...|...)/.  \(Dan Faigin still hasn't forgiven me. :-\)
	   Perl 2 introduced Henry Spencer's regular expression package.
	   Perl 3 introduced the ability to handle binary data (embedded nulls).
	   Perl 4 introduced the first Camel book.  Really.  We mostly just
	       switched version numbers so the book could refer to 4.000.
	   Perl 5 introduced everything else, including the ability to
	       introduce everything else.

THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
       Larry Wall, Andy Dougherty, Tom Christiansen, Charles Bailey, Nick Ing-
       Simmons, Chip Salzenberg, Tim Bunce, Malcolm Beattie, Gurusamy Sarathy,
       Graham Barr, Jarkko Hietaniemi, Hugo van der Sanden, Michael Schwern,
       Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Nicholas Clark, Richard Clamp, Leon Brocard, Dave
       Mitchell.

   PUMPKIN?
       [from Porting/pumpkin.pod in the Perl source code distribution]

       Chip Salzenberg gets credit for that, with a nod to his cow orker,
       David Croy.  We had passed around various names (baton, token, hot
       potato) but none caught on.  Then, Chip asked:

       [begin quote]

	  Who has the patch pumpkin?

       To explain:  David Croy once told me once that at a previous job, there
       was one tape drive and multiple systems that used it for backups.  But
       instead of some high-tech exclusion software, they used a low-tech
       method to prevent multiple simultaneous backups: a stuffed pumpkin.  No
       one was allowed to make backups unless they had the "backup pumpkin".

       [end quote]

       The name has stuck.  The holder of the pumpkin is sometimes called the
       pumpking (keeping the source afloat?) or the pumpkineer (pulling the
       strings?).

THE RECORDS
	Pump-  Release	       Date	       Notes
	king				       (by no means
						comprehensive,
						see Changes*
						for details)
	======================================================================

	Larry	0	       Classified.     Don't ask.

	Larry	1.000	       1987-Dec-18

		 1.001..10     1988-Jan-30
		 1.011..14     1988-Feb-02
	Schwern	 1.0.15	       2002-Dec-18     Modernization
	Richard	 1.0.16	       2003-Dec-18

	Larry	2.000	       1988-Jun-05

		 2.001	       1988-Jun-28

	Larry	3.000	       1989-Oct-18

		 3.001	       1989-Oct-26
		 3.002..4      1989-Nov-11
		 3.005	       1989-Nov-18
		 3.006..8      1989-Dec-22
		 3.009..13     1990-Mar-02
		 3.014	       1990-Mar-13
		 3.015	       1990-Mar-14
		 3.016..18     1990-Mar-28
		 3.019..27     1990-Aug-10     User subs.
		 3.028	       1990-Aug-14
		 3.029..36     1990-Oct-17
		 3.037	       1990-Oct-20
		 3.040	       1990-Nov-10
		 3.041	       1990-Nov-13
		 3.042..43     1991-Jan-??
		 3.044	       1991-Jan-12

	Larry	4.000	       1991-Mar-21

		 4.001..3      1991-Apr-12
		 4.004..9      1991-Jun-07
		 4.010	       1991-Jun-10
		 4.011..18     1991-Nov-05
		 4.019	       1991-Nov-11     Stable.
		 4.020..33     1992-Jun-08
		 4.034	       1992-Jun-11
		 4.035	       1992-Jun-23
	Larry	 4.036	       1993-Feb-05     Very stable.

		 5.000alpha1   1993-Jul-31
		 5.000alpha2   1993-Aug-16
		 5.000alpha3   1993-Oct-10
		 5.000alpha4   1993-???-??
		 5.000alpha5   1993-???-??
		 5.000alpha6   1994-Mar-18
		 5.000alpha7   1994-Mar-25
	Andy	 5.000alpha8   1994-Apr-04
	Larry	 5.000alpha9   1994-May-05     ext appears.
		 5.000alpha10  1994-Jun-11
		 5.000alpha11  1994-Jul-01
	Andy	 5.000a11a     1994-Jul-07     To fit 14.
		 5.000a11b     1994-Jul-14
		 5.000a11c     1994-Jul-19
		 5.000a11d     1994-Jul-22
	Larry	 5.000alpha12  1994-Aug-04
	Andy	 5.000a12a     1994-Aug-08
		 5.000a12b     1994-Aug-15
		 5.000a12c     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12d     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12e     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12f     1994-Aug-24
		 5.000a12g     1994-Aug-24
		 5.000a12h     1994-Aug-24
	Larry	 5.000beta1    1994-Aug-30
	Andy	 5.000b1a      1994-Sep-06
	Larry	 5.000beta2    1994-Sep-14     Core slushified.
	Andy	 5.000b2a      1994-Sep-14
		 5.000b2b      1994-Sep-17
		 5.000b2c      1994-Sep-17
	Larry	 5.000beta3    1994-Sep-??
	Andy	 5.000b3a      1994-Sep-18
		 5.000b3b      1994-Sep-22
		 5.000b3c      1994-Sep-23
		 5.000b3d      1994-Sep-27
		 5.000b3e      1994-Sep-28
		 5.000b3f      1994-Sep-30
		 5.000b3g      1994-Oct-04
	Andy	 5.000b3h      1994-Oct-07
	Larry?	 5.000gamma    1994-Oct-13?

	Larry	5.000	       1994-Oct-17

	Andy	 5.000a	       1994-Dec-19
		 5.000b	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000c	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000d	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000e	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000f	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000g	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000h	       1995-Jan-18
		 5.000i	       1995-Jan-26
		 5.000j	       1995-Feb-07
		 5.000k	       1995-Feb-11
		 5.000l	       1995-Feb-21
		 5.000m	       1995-Feb-28
		 5.000n	       1995-Mar-07
		 5.000o	       1995-Mar-13?

	Larry	5.001	       1995-Mar-13

	Andy	 5.001a	       1995-Mar-15
		 5.001b	       1995-Mar-31
		 5.001c	       1995-Apr-07
		 5.001d	       1995-Apr-14
		 5.001e	       1995-Apr-18     Stable.
		 5.001f	       1995-May-31
		 5.001g	       1995-May-25
		 5.001h	       1995-May-25
		 5.001i	       1995-May-30
		 5.001j	       1995-Jun-05
		 5.001k	       1995-Jun-06
		 5.001l	       1995-Jun-06     Stable.
		 5.001m	       1995-Jul-02     Very stable.
		 5.001n	       1995-Oct-31     Very unstable.
		 5.002beta1    1995-Nov-21
		 5.002b1a      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1b      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1c      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1d      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1e      1995-Dec-08
		 5.002b1f      1995-Dec-08
	Tom	 5.002b1g      1995-Dec-21     Doc release.
	Andy	 5.002b1h      1996-Jan-05
		 5.002b2       1996-Jan-14
	Larry	 5.002b3       1996-Feb-02
	Andy	 5.002gamma    1996-Feb-11
	Larry	 5.002delta    1996-Feb-27

	Larry	5.002	       1996-Feb-29     Prototypes.

	Charles	 5.002_01      1996-Mar-25

		5.003	       1996-Jun-25     Security release.

		 5.003_01      1996-Jul-31
	Nick	 5.003_02      1996-Aug-10
	Andy	 5.003_03      1996-Aug-28
		 5.003_04      1996-Sep-02
		 5.003_05      1996-Sep-12
		 5.003_06      1996-Oct-07
		 5.003_07      1996-Oct-10
	Chip	 5.003_08      1996-Nov-19
		 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26
		 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29
		 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06
		 5.003_12      1996-Dec-19
		 5.003_13      1996-Dec-20
		 5.003_14      1996-Dec-23
		 5.003_15      1996-Dec-23
		 5.003_16      1996-Dec-24
		 5.003_17      1996-Dec-27
		 5.003_18      1996-Dec-31
		 5.003_19      1997-Jan-04
		 5.003_20      1997-Jan-07
		 5.003_21      1997-Jan-15
		 5.003_22      1997-Jan-16
		 5.003_23      1997-Jan-25
		 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29
		 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04
		 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10
		 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18
		 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21
		 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25     Ramping up to the 5.004 release.
		 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01
		 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06
		 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10
		 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22
		 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25
		 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01
		 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03     Fairly widely used.
		 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05
		 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08
		 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10
		 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13
		 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15
		 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17
		 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18
		 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24
		 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25
		 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28
		 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30
		 5.003_99      1997-May-01
		 5.003_99a     1997-May-09
		 p54rc1	       1997-May-12     Release Candidates.
		 p54rc2	       1997-May-14

	Chip	5.004	       1997-May-15     A major maintenance release.

	Tim	 5.004_01-t1   1997-???-??     The 5.004 maintenance track.
		 5.004_01-t2   1997-Jun-11     aka perl5.004m1t2
		 5.004_01      1997-Jun-13
		 5.004_01_01   1997-Jul-29     aka perl5.004m2t1
		 5.004_01_02   1997-Aug-01     aka perl5.004m2t2
		 5.004_01_03   1997-Aug-05     aka perl5.004m2t3
		 5.004_02      1997-Aug-07
		 5.004_02_01   1997-Aug-12     aka perl5.004m3t1
		 5.004_03-t2   1997-Aug-13     aka perl5.004m3t2
		 5.004_03      1997-Sep-05
		 5.004_04-t1   1997-Sep-19     aka perl5.004m4t1
		 5.004_04-t2   1997-Sep-23     aka perl5.004m4t2
		 5.004_04-t3   1997-Oct-10     aka perl5.004m4t3
		 5.004_04-t4   1997-Oct-14     aka perl5.004m4t4
		 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15
		 5.004_04-m1   1998-Mar-04     (5.004m5t1) Maint. trials for 5.004_05.
		 5.004_04-m2   1998-May-01
		 5.004_04-m3   1998-May-15
		 5.004_04-m4   1998-May-19
		 5.004_05-MT5  1998-Jul-21
		 5.004_05-MT6  1998-Oct-09
		 5.004_05-MT7  1998-Nov-22
		 5.004_05-MT8  1998-Dec-03
	Chip	 5.004_05-MT9  1999-Apr-26
		 5.004_05      1999-Apr-29

	Malcolm	 5.004_50      1997-Sep-09     The 5.005 development track.
		 5.004_51      1997-Oct-02
		 5.004_52      1997-Oct-15
		 5.004_53      1997-Oct-16
		 5.004_54      1997-Nov-14
		 5.004_55      1997-Nov-25
		 5.004_56      1997-Dec-18
		 5.004_57      1998-Feb-03
		 5.004_58      1998-Feb-06
		 5.004_59      1998-Feb-13
		 5.004_60      1998-Feb-20
		 5.004_61      1998-Feb-27
		 5.004_62      1998-Mar-06
		 5.004_63      1998-Mar-17
		 5.004_64      1998-Apr-03
		 5.004_65      1998-May-15
		 5.004_66      1998-May-29
	Sarathy	 5.004_67      1998-Jun-15
		 5.004_68      1998-Jun-23
		 5.004_69      1998-Jun-29
		 5.004_70      1998-Jul-06
		 5.004_71      1998-Jul-09
		 5.004_72      1998-Jul-12
		 5.004_73      1998-Jul-13
		 5.004_74      1998-Jul-14     5.005 beta candidate.
		 5.004_75      1998-Jul-15     5.005 beta1.
		 5.004_76      1998-Jul-21     5.005 beta2.
		 5.005	       1998-Jul-22     Oneperl.

	Sarathy	 5.005_01      1998-Jul-27     The 5.005 maintenance track.
		 5.005_02-T1   1998-Aug-02
		 5.005_02-T2   1998-Aug-05
		 5.005_02      1998-Aug-08
	Graham	 5.005_03-MT1  1998-Nov-30
		 5.005_03-MT2  1999-Jan-04
		 5.005_03-MT3  1999-Jan-17
		 5.005_03-MT4  1999-Jan-26
		 5.005_03-MT5  1999-Jan-28
		 5.005_03-MT6  1999-Mar-05
		 5.005_03      1999-Mar-28
	Leon	 5.005_04-RC1  2004-Feb-05
		 5.005_04-RC2  2004-Feb-18
		 5.005_04      2004-Feb-23

	Sarathy	 5.005_50      1998-Jul-26     The 5.6 development track.
		 5.005_51      1998-Aug-10
		 5.005_52      1998-Sep-25
		 5.005_53      1998-Oct-31
		 5.005_54      1998-Nov-30
		 5.005_55      1999-Feb-16
		 5.005_56      1999-Mar-01
		 5.005_57      1999-May-25
		 5.005_58      1999-Jul-27
		 5.005_59      1999-Aug-02
		 5.005_60      1999-Aug-02
		 5.005_61      1999-Aug-20
		 5.005_62      1999-Oct-15
		 5.005_63      1999-Dec-09
		 5.5.640       2000-Feb-02
		 5.5.650       2000-Feb-08     beta1
		 5.5.660       2000-Feb-22     beta2
		 5.5.670       2000-Feb-29     beta3
		 5.6.0-RC1     2000-Mar-09     Release candidate 1.
		 5.6.0-RC2     2000-Mar-14     Release candidate 2.
		 5.6.0-RC3     2000-Mar-21     Release candidate 3.
		 5.6.0	       2000-Mar-22

	Sarathy	 5.6.1-TRIAL1  2000-Dec-18     The 5.6 maintenance track.
		 5.6.1-TRIAL2  2001-Jan-31
		 5.6.1-TRIAL3  2001-Mar-19
		 5.6.1-foolish 2001-Apr-01     The "fools-gold" release.
		 5.6.1	       2001-Apr-08
	Rafael	 5.6.2-RC1     2003-Nov-08
		 5.6.2	       2003-Nov-15     Fix new build issues

	Jarkko	 5.7.0	       2000-Sep-02     The 5.7 track: Development.
		 5.7.1	       2001-Apr-09
		 5.7.2	       2001-Jul-13     Virtual release candidate 0.
		 5.7.3	       2002-Mar-05
		 5.8.0-RC1     2002-Jun-01
		 5.8.0-RC2     2002-Jun-21
		 5.8.0-RC3     2002-Jul-13
		 5.8.0	       2002-Jul-18
		 5.8.1-RC1     2003-Jul-10
		 5.8.1-RC2     2003-Jul-11
		 5.8.1-RC3     2003-Jul-30
		 5.8.1-RC4     2003-Aug-01
		 5.8.1-RC5     2003-Sep-22
		 5.8.1	       2003-Sep-25
	Nicholas 5.8.2-RC1     2003-Oct-27
		 5.8.2-RC2     2003-Nov-03
		 5.8.2	       2003-Nov-05
		 5.8.3-RC1     2004-Jan-07
		 5.8.3	       2004-Jan-14
		 5.8.4-RC1     2004-Apr-05
		 5.8.4-RC2     2004-Apr-15
		 5.8.4	       2004-Apr-21
		 5.8.5-RC1     2004-Jul-06
		 5.8.5-RC2     2004-Jul-08
		 5.8.5	       2004-Jul-19
		 5.8.6-RC1     2004-Nov-11
		 5.8.6	       2004-Nov-27
		 5.8.7-RC1     2005-May-18
		 5.8.7	       2005-May-30
		 5.8.8-RC1     2006-Jan-20
		 5.8.8	       2006-Jan-31
		 5.8.9-RC1     2008-Nov-10
		 5.8.9-RC2     2008-Dec-06
		 5.8.9	       2008-Dec-14

	Hugo	 5.9.0	       2003-Oct-27
	Rafael	 5.9.1	       2004-Mar-16
		 5.9.2	       2005-Apr-01
		 5.9.3	       2006-Jan-28
		 5.9.4	       2006-Aug-15
		 5.9.5	       2007-Jul-07
		 5.10.0-RC1    2007-Nov-17
		 5.10.0-RC2    2007-Nov-25
		 5.10.0	       2007-Dec-18
	David	 5.10.1-RC1    2009-Aug-06
		 5.10.1-RC2    2009-Aug-18
		 5.10.1	       2009-Aug-22

   SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
       For example the notation "core: 212  29" in the release 1.000 means
       that it had in the core 212 kilobytes, in 29 files.  The "core".."doc"
       are explained below.

	release	       core	  lib	      ext	 t	   doc
	======================================================================

	1.000		212  29	     -	 -	-   -	  38   51     62   3
	1.014		219  29	     -	 -	-   -	  39   52     68   4
	2.000		309  31	     2	 3	-   -	  55   57     92   4
	2.001		312  31	     2	 3	-   -	  55   57     94   4
	3.000		508  36	    24	11	-   -	  79   73    156   5
	3.044		645  37	    61	20	-   -	  90   74    190   6
	4.000		635  37	    59	20	-   -	  91   75    198   4
	4.019		680  37	    85	29	-   -	  98   76    199   4
	4.036		709  37	    89	30	-   -	  98   76    208   5
	5.000alpha2	785  50	   114	32	-   -	 112   86    209   5
	5.000alpha3	801  50	   117	33	-   -	 121   87    209   5
	5.000alpha9    1022  56	   149	43    116  29	 125   90    217   6
	5.000a12h	978  49	   140	49    205  46	 152   97    228   9
	5.000b3h       1035  53	   232	70    216  38	 162   94    218  21
	5.000	       1038  53	   250	76    216  38	 154   92    536  62
	5.001m	       1071  54	   388	82    240  38	 159   95    544  29
	5.002	       1121  54	   661 101    287  43	 155   94    847  35
	5.003	       1129  54	   680 102    291  43	 166  100    853  35
	5.003_07       1231  60	   748 106    396  53	 213  137    976  39
	5.004	       1351  60	  1230 136    408  51	 355  161   1587  55
	5.004_01       1356  60	  1258 138    410  51	 358  161   1587  55
	5.004_04       1375  60	  1294 139    413  51	 394  162   1629  55
	5.004_05       1463  60	  1435 150    394  50	 445  175   1855  59
	5.004_51       1401  61	  1260 140    413  53	 358  162   1594  56
	5.004_53       1422  62	  1295 141    438  70	 394  162   1637  56
	5.004_56       1501  66	  1301 140    447  74	 408  165   1648  57
	5.004_59       1555  72	  1317 142    448  74	 424  171   1678  58
	5.004_62       1602  77	  1327 144    629  92	 428  173   1674  58
	5.004_65       1626  77	  1358 146    615  92	 446  179   1698  60
	5.004_68       1856  74	  1382 152    619  92	 463  187   1784  60
	5.004_70       1863  75	  1456 154    675  92	 494  194   1809  60
	5.004_73       1874  76	  1467 152    762 102	 506  196   1883  61
	5.004_75       1877  76	  1467 152    770 103	 508  196   1896  62
	5.005	       1896  76	  1469 152    795 103	 509  197   1945  63
	5.005_03       1936  77	  1541 153    813 104	 551  201   2176  72
	5.005_50       1969  78	  1842 301    795 103	 514  198   1948  63
	5.005_53       1999  79	  1885 303    806 104	 602  224   2002  67
	5.005_56       2086  79	  1970 307    866 113	 672  238   2221  75
	5.6.0	       2820  79	  2626 364   1096 129	 863  280   2840  93
	5.6.1	       2946  78	  2921 430   1171 132	1024  304   3330 102
	5.6.2	       2947  78	  3143 451   1247 127	1303  387   3406 102
	5.7.0	       2977  80	  2801 425   1250 132	 975  307   3206 100
	5.7.1	       3351  84	  3442 455   1944 167	1334  357   3698 124
	5.7.2	       3491  87	  4858 618   3290 298	1598  449   3910 139
	5.7.3	       3299  85	  4295 537   2196 300	2176  626   4171 120
	5.8.0	       3489  87	  4533 585   2437 331	2588  726   4368 125
	5.8.1	       3674  90	  5104 623   2604 353	2983  836   4625 134
	5.8.2	       3633  90	  5111 623   2623 357	3019  848   4634 135
	5.8.3	       3625  90	  5141 624   2660 363	3083  869   4669 136
	5.8.4	       3653  90	  5170 634   2684 368	3148  885   4689 137
	5.8.5	       3664  90	  4260 303   2707 369	3208  898   4689 138
	5.8.6	       3690  90	  4271 303   3141 396	3411  925   4709 139
	5.8.7	       3788  90	  4322 307   3297 401	3485  964   4744 141
	5.8.8	       3895  90	  4357 314   3409 431	3622 1017   4979 144
	5.8.9	       4132  93	  5508 330   3826 529	4364 1234   5348 152
	5.9.0	       3657  90	  4951 626   2603 354	3011  841   4609 135
	5.9.1	       3580  90	  5196 634   2665 367	3186  889   4725 138
	5.9.2	       3863  90	  4654 312   3283 403	3551  973   4800 142
	5.9.3	       4096  91	  5318 381   4806 597	4272 1214   5139 147
	5.9.4	       4393  94	  5718 415   4578 642	4646 1310   5335 153
	5.9.5	       4681  96	  6849 479   4827 671	5155 1490   5572 159
	5.10.0	       4710  97	  7050 486   4899 673	5275 1503   5673 160

       The "core"..."doc" mean the following files from the Perl source code
       distribution.  The glob notation ** means recursively, (.) means
       regular files.

	core   *.[hcy]
	lib    lib/**/*.p[ml]
	ext    ext/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm}
	t      t/**/*(.) (for 1-5.005_56) or **/*.t (for 5.6.0-5.7.3)
	doc    {README*,INSTALL,*[_.]man{,.?},pod/**/*.pod}

       Here are some statistics for the other subdirectories and one file in
       the Perl source distribution for somewhat more selected releases.

	======================================================================
	  Legend:  kB	#

			 1.014	    2.001      3.044

	Configure      31    1	  37	1    62	   1
	eg		-    -	  34   28    47	  39
	h2pl		-    -	   -	-    12	  12
	msdos		-    -	   -	-    41	  13
	os2		-    -	   -	-    63	  22
	usub		-    -	   -	-    21	  16
	x2p	      103   17	 104   17   137	  17

	======================================================================

			 4.000	    4.019      4.036

	atarist		-    -	   -	-   113	  31
	Configure      73    1	  83	1    86	   1
	eg	       47   39	  47   39    47	  39
	emacs	       67    4	  67	4    67	   4
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12	  12
	hints		-    -	   5   42    11	  56
	msdos	       57   15	  58   15    60	  15
	os2	       81   29	  81   29   113	  31
	usub	       25    7	  43	8    43	   8
	x2p	      147   18	 152   19   154	  19

	======================================================================

		       5.000a2	5.000a12h   5.000b3h	  5.000	    5.001m

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8	   3	 8    3	    8	 3
	atarist	      113   31	 113   31     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	bench		-    -	   0	1     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	Bugs		2    5	  26	1     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	dlperl	       40    5	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	do	      127   71	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	Configure	-    -	 153	1   159	   1   160    1	  180	 1
	Doc		-    -	  26	1    75	   7	11    1	   11	 1
	eg	       79   58	  53   44    51	  43	54   44	   54	44
	emacs	       67    4	 104	6   104	   6   104    1	  104	 6
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12	  12	12   12	   12	12
	hints	       11   56	  12   46    18	  48	18   48	   44	56
	msdos	       60   15	  60   15     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	os2	      113   31	 113   31     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	U		-    -	  62	8   112	  42	 -    -	    -	 -
	usub	       43    8	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	    -	 -
	vms		-    -	  80	7   123	   9   184   15	  304	20
	x2p	      171   22	 171   21   162	  20   162   20	  279	20

	======================================================================

			 5.002	    5.003   5.003_07

	Configure     201    1	 201	1   217	   1
	eg	       54   44	  54   44    54	  44
	emacs	      108    1	 108	1   143	   1
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12	  12
	hints	       73   59	  77   60    90	  62
	os2	       84   17	  56   10   117	  42
	plan9		-    -	   -	-    79	  15
	Porting		-    -	   -	-    51	   1
	utils	       87    7	  88	7    97	   7
	vms	      500   24	 475   26   505	  27
	x2p	      280   20	 280   20   280	  19

	======================================================================

			 5.004	 5.004_04   5.004_62   5.004_65	  5.004_68

	beos		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	  1   1	     1	 1
	Configure     225    1	 225	1   240	   1	248   1	   256	 1
	cygwin32       23    5	  23	5    23	   5	 24   5	    24	 5
	djgpp		-    -	   -	-    14	   5	 14   5	    14	 5
	eg	       81   62	  81   62    81	  62	 81  62	    81	62
	emacs	      194    1	 204	1   212	   2	212   2	   212	 2
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12	  12	 12  12	    12	12
	hints	      129   69	 132   71   144	  72	151  74	   155	74
	os2	      121   42	 127   42   127	  44	129  44	   129	44
	plan9	       82   15	  82   15    82	  15	 82  15	    82	15
	Porting	       94    2	 109	4   203	   6	234   8	   241	 9
	qnx		1    2	   1	2     1	   2	  1   2	     1	 2
	utils	      112    8	 118	8   124	   8	156   9	   159	 9
	vms	      518   34	 524   34   538	  34	569  34	   569	34
	win32	      285   33	 378   36   470	  39	493  39	   575	41
	x2p	      281   19	 281   19   281	  19	282  19	   281	19

	======================================================================

		      5.004_70	 5.004_73   5.004_75	  5.005	  5.005_03

	apollo		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	     0	 1
	beos		1    1	   1	1     1	   1	 1    1	     1	 1
	Configure     256    1	 256	1   264	   1   264    1	   270	 1
	cygwin32       24    5	  24	5    24	   5	24    5	    24	 5
	djgpp	       14    5	  14	5    14	   5	14    5	    15	 5
	eg	       86   65	  86   65    86	  65	86   65	    86	65
	emacs	      262    2	 262	2   262	   2   262    2	   274	 2
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12	  12	12   12	    12	12
	hints	      157   74	 157   74   159	  74   160   74	   179	77
	mint		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	     4	 7
	mpeix		-    -	   -	-     5	   3	 5    3	     5	 3
	os2	      129   44	 139   44   142	  44   143   44	   148	44
	plan9	       82   15	  82   15    82	  15	82   15	    82	15
	Porting	      241    9	 253	9   259	  10   264   12	   272	13
	qnx		1    2	   1	2     1	   2	 1    2	     1	 2
	utils	      160    9	 160	9   160	   9   160    9	   164	 9
	vms	      570   34	 572   34   573	  34   575   34	   583	34
	vos		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	 -   -	   156	10
	win32	      577   41	 585   41   585	  41   587   41	   600	42
	x2p	      281   19	 281   19   281	  19   281   19	   281	19

	======================================================================

			 5.6.0	    5.6.1      5.6.2	  5.7.3

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8	   3	 8    3
	beos		5    2	   5	2     5	   2	 6    4
	Configure     346    1	 361	1   363	   1   394    1
	Cross		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	 4    2
	djgpp	       19    6	  19	6    19	   6	21    7
	eg	      112   71	 112   71   112	  71	 -    -
	emacs	      303    4	 319	4   319	   4   319    4
	epoc	       29    8	  35	8    35	   8	36    8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24	  15	24   15
	hints	      242   83	 250   84   321	  89   272   87
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11	   9	11    9
	mpeix		9    4	   9	4     9	   4	 9    4
	NetWare		-    -	   -	-     -	   -   423   57
	os2	      214   59	 224   60   224	  60   357   66
	plan9	       92   17	  92   17    92	  17	85   15
	Porting	      361   15	 390   16   390	  16   425   21
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5	   3	 5    3
	utils	      228   12	 221   11   222	  11   267   13
	uts		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	12    3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25	   4	25    4
	vms	      686   38	 627   38   627	  38   649   36
	vos	      227   12	 249   15   248	  15   281   17
	win32	      755   41	 782   42   801	  42  1006   50
	x2p	      307   20	 307   20   307	  20   345   20

	======================================================================

			 5.8.0	    5.8.1      5.8.2	  5.8.3	     5.8.4

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8	   3	 8    3	    8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     6	   4	 6    4	    6	 4
	Configure     472    1	 493	1   493	   1   493    1	  494	 1
	Cross		4    2	  45   10    45	  10	45   10	   45	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21	   7	21    7	   21	 7
	emacs	      319    4	 329	4   329	   4   329    4	  329	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33	   8	33    8	   33	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24	  15	24   15	   24	15
	hints	      294   88	 321   89   321	  89   321   89	  348	91
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11	   9	11    9	   11	 9
	mpeix	       24    5	  25	5    25	   5	25    5	   25	 5
	NetWare	      488   61	 490   61   490	  61   490   61	  488	61
	os2	      361   66	 445   67   450	  67   488   67	  488	67
	plan9	       85   15	 325   17   325	  17   325   17	  321	17
	Porting	      479   22	 537   32   538	  32   539   32	  538	33
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5	   3	 5    3	    5	 3
	utils	      275   15	 258   16   258	  16   263   19	  263	19
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12	   3	12    3	   12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25	   4	25    4	   25	 4
	vms	      648   36	 654   36   654	  36   656   36	  656	36
	vos	      330   20	 335   20   335	  20   335   20	  335	20
	win32	     1062   49	1125   49  1127	  49  1126   49	 1181	56
	x2p	      347   20	 348   20   348	  20   348   20	  348	20

	======================================================================

			 5.8.5	    5.8.6      5.8.7	  5.8.8	     5.8.9

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8	   3	 8    3	    8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     8	   4	 8    4	    8	 4
	Configure     494    1	 494	1   495	   1   506    1	  520	 1
	Cross	       45   10	  45   10    45	  10	45   10	   46	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21	   7	21    7	   21	 7
	emacs	      329    4	 329	4   329	   4   329    4	  406	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33	   8	34    8	   35	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24	  15	24   15	   24	15
	hints	      350   91	 352   91   355	  94   360   94	  387	99
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11	   9	11    9	   11	 9
	mpeix	       25    5	  25	5    25	   5	49    6	   49	 6
	NetWare	      488   61	 488   61   488	  61   490   61	  491	61
	os2	      488   67	 488   67   488	  67   488   67	  552	70
	plan9	      321   17	 321   17   321	  17   322   17	  324	17
	Porting	      538   34	 548   35   549	  35   564   37	  625	41
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5	   3	 5    3	    5	 3
	utils	      265   19	 265   19   266	  19   267   19	  281	21
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12	   3	12    3	   12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25	   4	25    4	   25	 4
	vms	      657   36	 658   36   662	  36   664   36	  716	35
	vos	      335   20	 335   20   335	  20   336   21	  345	22
	win32	     1183   56	1190   56  1199	  56  1219   56	 1484	68
	x2p	      349   20	 349   20   349	  20   349   19	  350	19

	======================================================================

			 5.9.0	    5.9.1      5.9.2	  5.9.3	     5.9.4

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8	   3	 8    3	    8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     8	   4	 8    4	    8	 4
	Configure     493    1	 493	1   495	   1   508    1	  512	 1
	Cross	       45   10	  45   10    45	  10	45   10	   46	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21	   7	21    7	   21	 7
	emacs	      329    4	 329	4   329	   4   329    4	  329	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33	   8	34    8	   34	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24	  15	24   15	   24	15
	hints	      321   89	 346   91   355	  94   359   94	  366	96
	mad		-    -	   -	-     -	   -	 -    -	  174	 6
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11	   9	11    9	   11	 9
	mpeix	       25    5	  25	5    25	   5	49    6	   49	 6
	NetWare	      489   61	 487   61   487	  61   489   61	  489	61
	os2	      444   67	 488   67   488	  67   488   67	  488	67
	plan9	      325   17	 321   17   321	  17   322   17	  323	17
	Porting	      537   32	 536   33   549	  36   564   38	  576	38
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5	   3	 5    3	    5	 3
	symbian		-    -	   -	-     -	   -   293   53	  293	53
	utils	      258   16	 263   19   268	  20   273   23	  275	24
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12	   3	12    3	   12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25	   4	25    4	   25	 4
	vms	      660   36	 547   33   553	  33   661   33	  696	33
	vos	       11    7	  11	7    11	   7	11    7	   11	 7
	win32	     1120   49	1124   51  1191	  56  1209   56	 1719	90
	x2p	      348   20	 348   20   349	  20   349   19	  349	19

	======================================================================

			 5.9.5	   5.10.0

	apollo		8    3	   8	3
	beos		8    4	   8	4
	Configure     518    1	 518	1
	Cross	      122   15	 122   15
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7
	emacs	      329    4	 406	4
	epoc	       34    8	  35	8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15
	hints	      377   98	 381   98
	mad	      182    8	 182	8
	mint	       11    9	  11	9
	mpeix	       49    6	  49	6
	NetWare	      489   61	 489   61
	os2	      552   70	 552   70
	plan9	      324   17	 324   17
	Porting	      627   40	 632   40
	qnx		5    3	   5	4
	symbian	      300   54	 300   54
	utils	      260   26	 264   27
	uts	       12    3	  12	3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4
	vms	      690   32	 722   32
	vos	       19    8	  19	8
	win32	     1482   68	1485   68
	x2p	      349   19	 349   19

   SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       The "diff lines kB" means that for example the patch 5.003_08, to be
       applied on top of the 5.003_07 (or whatever was before the 5.003_08)
       added lines for 110 kilobytes, it removed lines for 19 kilobytes, and
       changed lines for 424 kilobytes.	 Just the lines themselves are
       counted, not their context.  The "+ - !" become from the diff(1)
       context diff output format.

	Pump-  Release	       Date		 diff lines kB
	king					 -------------
						 +     -     !
	======================================================================

	Chip	 5.003_08      1996-Nov-19     110    19   424
		 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26	38     9   248
		 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29	29     2    27
		 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06	73    12   165
		 5.003_12      1996-Dec-19     275     6   436
		 5.003_13      1996-Dec-20	95     1    56
		 5.003_14      1996-Dec-23	23     7   333
		 5.003_15      1996-Dec-23	 0     0     1
		 5.003_16      1996-Dec-24	12     3    50
		 5.003_17      1996-Dec-27	19     1    14
		 5.003_18      1996-Dec-31	21     1    32
		 5.003_19      1997-Jan-04	80     3    85
		 5.003_20      1997-Jan-07	18     1   146
		 5.003_21      1997-Jan-15	38    10   221
		 5.003_22      1997-Jan-16	 4     0    18
		 5.003_23      1997-Jan-25	71    15   119
		 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29     426     1    20
		 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04	21     8   169
		 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10	16     1    15
		 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18	32    10    38
		 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21	58     4    66
		 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25	22     2    34
		 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01	37     1    39
		 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06	16     3    69
		 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10	12     3    15
		 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22     407     7   200
		 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25	41     1    37
		 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01     283     5   261
		 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03	13     2    34
		 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05	57     1    27
		 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08	14     1    20
		 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10	20     1    16
		 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13	 8     0    16
		 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15	15     4    46
		 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17	 7     1    33
		 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18	 6     1    42
		 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24	23     3    68
		 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25	23     1    31
		 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28	36     1    49
		 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30     171    12   539
		 5.003_99      1997-May-01	 6     0     7
		 5.003_99a     1997-May-09	36     2    61
		 p54rc1	       1997-May-12	 8     1    11
		 p54rc2	       1997-May-14	 6     0    40

	       5.004	       1997-May-15	 4     0     4

	Tim	 5.004_01      1997-Jun-13     222    14    57
		 5.004_02      1997-Aug-07     112    16   119
		 5.004_03      1997-Sep-05     109     0    17
		 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15	66     8   173

       The patch-free era

       In more modern times, named releases don't come as often, and as
       progress can be followed (nearly) instantly (with rsync, and since late
       2008, git) patches between versions are no longer provided. However,
       that doesn't keep us from calculating how large a patch could have
       been. Which is shown in the table below. Unless noted otherwise, the
       size mentioned is the patch to bring version x.y.z to x.y.z+1.

	Sarathy	 5.6.1	       2001-Apr-08     531    44   651
	Rafael	 5.6.2	       2003-Nov-15	20    11  1819

	Jarkko	 5.8.0	       2002-Jul-18    1205    31   471	 From 5.7.3

		 5.8.1	       2003-Sep-25     243   102  6162
	Nicholas 5.8.2	       2003-Nov-05	10    50   788
		 5.8.3	       2004-Jan-14	31    13   360
		 5.8.4	       2004-Apr-21	33     8   299
		 5.8.5	       2004-Jul-19	11    19   255
		 5.8.6	       2004-Nov-27	35     3   192
		 5.8.7	       2005-May-30	75    34   778
		 5.8.8	       2006-Jan-31     131    42  1251
		 5.8.9	       2008-Dec-14     340   132 12988

	Hugo	 5.9.0	       2003-Oct-27     281   168  7132	 From 5.8.0
	Rafael	 5.9.1	       2004-Mar-16	57   250  2107
		 5.9.2	       2005-Apr-01     720    57   858
		 5.9.3	       2006-Jan-28    1124   102  1906
		 5.9.4	       2006-Aug-15     896    60   862
		 5.9.5	       2007-Jul-07    1149   128  1062

		 5.10.0	       2007-Dec-18	50    31 13111	 From 5.9.5

THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS
       Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhi@iki.fi>.

       Thanks to the collective memory of the Perlfolk.	 In addition to the
       Keepers of the Pumpkin also Alan Champion, Mark Dominus, Andreas
       Koenig, John Macdonald, Matthias Neeracher, Jeff Okamoto, Michael
       Peppler, Randal Schwartz, and Paul D. Smith sent corrections and
       additions. Abigail added file and patch size data for the 5.6.0 - 5.10
       era.

perl v5.10.1			  2009-08-22			   PERLHIST(1)
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