PWD(1) BSD General Commands Manual PWD(1)NAMEpwd — return working directory name
The pwd utility writes the absolute pathname of the current working
directory to the standard output.
Some shells may provide a builtin pwd command which is similar or identi‐
cal to this utility. Consult the builtin(1) manual page.
The options are as follows:
-L Display the logical current working directory.
-P Display the physical current working directory (all symbolic
If no options are specified, the -P option is assumed.
Environment variables used by pwd:
PWD Logical current working directory.
The pwd utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
The pwd utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (“POSIX.1”).
SEE ALSObuiltin(1), cd(1), csh(1), sh(1), getcwd(3)BUGS
In csh(1) the command dirs is always faster because it is built into that
shell. However, it can give a different answer in the rare case that the
current directory or a containing directory was moved after the shell
descended into it.
The -L option does not work unless the PWD environment variable is
exported by the shell.
BSD February 4, 2002 BSD