QOS(7) Miscellaneous QOS(7)NAMEqos - Quality of Service specification
The text2qos and qos2text functions use the format described in this
man page. Because all standard ATM tools on Linux use those functions
to convert to or from the textual representation of QOS specifications,
they expect them in the same format too.
The most fundamental parameters are the traffic class and the AAL (ATM
Adaption Layer) type. If the connection is bi-directional, both direc‐
tions have the same traffic class and the same AAL type. The traffic
class and the AAL type are the first elements (in any order) in a QOS
specification. The traffic class is the only required element. If the
AAL type is omitted, the application will provide a default value. The
following traffic classes are recognized:
ubr Unassigned Bit Rate
cbr Constant Bit Rate
abr Available Bit Rate
The following AAL types are recognized:
aal0 ("raw ATM")
If both, the traffic class and the AAL type are specified, they are
separated by a comma.
If more parameters are supplied, the traffic class and AAL type must be
followed by a colon. Traffic parameters can be specified independently
for the transmit and the receive direction. Their parameter lists are
prefixed with tx: and rx:, respectively. If both parameter lists are
present, the tx: list must precede the rx: list. If a parameter is
equal for both directions, it can be placed in a common parameter list
(without prefix). The general format is as follows:
Each list consists of elements specifying a parameter. Elements can
appear in any order and they are separated with commas. The following
elements are recognized:
is a synonym for max_pcr=rate
The upper limit for the peak cell rate to assign. If omitted,
any rate up to link speed may be chosen.
The lower limit for the peak cell rate to assign. If omitted,
any rate above zero can be chosen.
is a synonym for max_sdu=size
The size of the largest packet that may be sent or received. If
omitted, a context-dependent default value is used.
Values are specified as follows:
rate The (decimal) rate, optionally followed by a unit. The unit may
be prefixed with one of the multipliers k, M, or G, meaning
1'000, 1'000'000, or 1'000'000'000, respectively. The units cps
(cells per second) and bps (bits per second) are recognized. If
multiplier and unit are omitted, cells per second are assumed.
Note that the rate is always converted to cells per second, so
rounding errors may occur when specifying the rate in bits per
second. Rates measured in bits per second are considered to be
user data rates, i.e. one cell corresponds to 384 bits. The rate
can be a fractional value, e.g. 1.3Mbps. It is an error to
specify only a multiplier without a unit. Link speed can be
indicated by using the keyword max as the rate.
size The (decimal) number of bytes.
The tx: or rx: lists may also just contain the single element none,
which indicates that the corresponding direction is not used. It is an
error to specify none for both direction.
Note that commas must never follow colons or other commas. Also, white‐
space is not allowed inside a QOS specification. QOS specifications are
Each of the following lines contains a valid QOS specification:
The following specificiations are equivalent:
Werner Almesberger, EPFL LRC/ICA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Linux April 20, 2000 QOS(7)