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RACOON.CONF(5)		    BSD File Formats Manual		RACOON.CONF(5)

NAME
     racoon.conf — configuration file for racoon

DESCRIPTION
     racoon.conf is the configuration file for the racoon(8) ISAKMP daemon.
     racoon(8) negotiates security associations for itself (ISAKMP SA, or
     phase 1 SA) and for kernel IPsec (IPsec SA, or phase 2 SA).  The file
     consists of a sequence of directives and statements.  Each directive is
     composed by a tag, and statements are enclosed by ‘{’ and ‘}’.  Lines
     beginning with ‘#’ are comments.

   Meta Syntax
     Keywords and special characters that the parser expects exactly are dis‐
     played using this font.  Parameters are specified with this font.	Square
     brackets (‘’ and ‘’) are used to show optional keywords and parameters.
     Note that you have to pay attention when this manual is describing port
     numbers.  The port number is always enclosed by ‘’ and ‘’.	 In this case,
     the port number is not an optional keyword.  If it is possible to omit
     port number, the expression becomes [[port]].  The vertical bar (‘|’) is
     used to indicate a choice between optional parameters.  Parentheses (‘’
     and ‘’) are used to group keywords and parameters when necessary.	Major
     parameters are listed below.

     number    means a hexadecimal or a decimal number.	 The former must be
	       prefixed with ‘0x’.
     string
     path
     file      means any string enclosed in ‘"’ (double quote).
     address   means IPv6 and/or IPv4 address.
     port      means a TCP/UDP port number.  The port number is always
	       enclosed by ‘’ and ‘’.
     timeunit  is one of following: sec, secs, second, seconds, min, mins,
	       minute, minutes, hour, hours.

   Path Specification
     path include path;
	     specifies a path to include a file.  See File Inclusion.
     path pre_shared_key file;
	     specifies a file containing pre-shared key(s) for various ID(s).
	     See Pre-shared key File.
     path certificate path;
	     racoon(8) will search this directory if a certificate or certifi‐
	     cate request is received.
     path backupsa file;
	     specifies a file to be stored a SA information which is negoti‐
	     ated by racoon.  racoon(8) will install SA(s) from the file with
	     a boot option -B.	The file is increasing because racoon(8) sim‐
	     ply add a SA to the file at the moment.  You should maintain the
	     file manually.

   File Inclusion
     include file
	     other configuration files can be included.

   Identifier Specification
     is obsolete.  It must be defined at each remote directive.

   Timer Specification
     timer { statements }
	     specifies various timer values.

	     counter number;
		     the maximum number of retries to send.  The default is 5.
	     interval number timeunit;
		     the interval to resend, in seconds.  The default time is
		     10 seconds.
	     persend number;
		     the number of packets per send.  The default is 1.
	     phase1 number timeunit;
		     the maximum time it should take to complete phase 1.  The
		     default time is 15 seconds.
	     phase2 number timeunit;
		     the maximum time it should take to complete phase 2.  The
		     default time is 10 seconds.

   Listening Port Specification
     listen { statements }
	     If no listen directive is specified, racoon(8) will listen on all
	     of the available interface addresses.  The following is the list
	     of valid statements:

	     isakmp address [[port]];
		     If this is specified, racoon(8) will only listen on
		     address.  The default port is 500, which is specified by
		     IANA.  You can provide more than one address definition.
	     strict_address;
		     require that all addresses for ISAKMP must be bound.
		     This statement will be ignored if you do not specify any
		     addresses.

   Remote Nodes Specifications
     remote (address | anonymous) [[port]] { statements }
	     specifies the parameters for IKE phase 1 for each remote node.
	     The default port is 500.  If anonymous is specified, the state‐
	     ments apply to all peers which do not match any other remote
	     directive.

	     The following are valid statements.

	     exchange_mode (main | aggressive | base);
		     defines the exchange mode for phase 1 when racoon is the
		     initiator.	 Also it means the acceptable exchange mode
		     when racoon is responder.	More than one mode can be
		     specified by separating them with a comma.	 All of the
		     modes are acceptable.  The first exchange mode is what
		     racoon uses when it is the initiator.
	     doi ipsec_doi;
		     means to use IPsec-DOI as specified RFC 2407.  You can
		     omit this statement.
	     situation identity_only;
		     means to use SIT_IDENTITY_ONLY as specified RFC 2407.
		     You can omit this statement.
	     identifier idtype;
		     is obsolete.  Instead, use my_identifier.
	     my_identifier idtype ...;
		     specifies the identifier sent to the remote host and the
		     type to use in the phase 1 negotiation.  address, fqdn,
		     user_fqdn, keyid and asn1dn can be used as an idtype.
		     they are used like:
		     my_identifier address [address];
			     the type is the IP address.  This is the default
			     type if you do not specify an identifier to use.
		     my_identifier user_fqdn string;
			     the type is a USER_FQDN (user fully-qualified
			     domain name).
		     my_identifier fqdn string;
			     the type is a FQDN (fully-qualified domain name).
		     my_identifier keyid file;
			     the type is a KEY_ID.
		     my_identifier asn1dn [string];
			     the type is an ASN.1 distinguished name.  If
			     string is omitted, racoon(8) will get DN from
			     Subject field in the certificate.
	     peers_identifier idtype ...;
		     specifies the peer's identifier to be received.  If it is
		     not defined then racoon(8) will not verify the peer's
		     identifier in ID payload transmitted from the peer.  If
		     it is defined, the behavior of the verification depends
		     on the flag of verify_identifier.	The usage of idtype is
		     same to my_identifier.
	     verify_identifier (on | off);
		     If you want to verify the peer's identifier, set this to
		     on.  In this case, if the value defined by
		     peers_identifier is not same to the peer's identifier in
		     the ID payload, the negotiation will failed.  The default
		     is off.
	     certificate_type certspec;
		     specifies a certificate specification.  certspec is one
		     of followings:
		     x509 certfile privkeyfile;
			     certfile means a file name of certificate.
			     privkeyfile means a file name of secret key.
	     peers_certfile (dnssec | certfile);
		     If dnssec is defined, racoon(8) will ignore the CERT pay‐
		     load from the peer, and try to get the peer's certificate
		     from DNS instead.	If certfile is defined, racoon(8) will
		     ignore the CERT payload from the peer, and will use this
		     certificate as the peer's certificate.
	     send_cert (on | off);
		     If you do not want to send a certificate for some reason,
		     set this to off.  The default is on.
	     send_cr (on | off);
		     If you do not want to send a certificate request for some
		     reason, set this to off.  The default is on.
	     verify_cert (on | off);
		     If you do not want to verify the peer's certificate for
		     some reason, set this to off.  The default is on.
	     lifetime time number timeunit;
		     define a lifetime of a certain time which will be pro‐
		     posed in the phase 1 negotiations.	 Any proposal will be
		     accepted, and the attribute(s) will be not proposed to
		     the peer if you do not specify it(them).  They can be
		     individually specified in each proposal.
	     initial_contact (on | off);
		     enable this to send an INITIAL-CONTACT message.  The
		     default value is on.  This message is useful only when
		     the implementation of the responder choices an old SA
		     when there are multiple SAs which are different estab‐
		     lished time, and the initiator reboots.  If racoon did
		     not use the message, the responder would use an old SA
		     even when an new SA was established.  The KAME stack has
		     the switch in the system wide value, net.key.pre‐
		     ferred_oldsa.  when the value is zero, the stack always
		     use an new SA.
	     passive (on | off);
		     If you do not want to initiate the negotiation, set this
		     to on.  The default value is off.	It is useful for a
		     server.
	     proposal_check level;
		     specifies the action of lifetime length and PFS of the
		     phase 2 selection on the responder side.  The default
		     level is strict.  If the level is;
		     obey    the responder will obey the initiator anytime.
		     strict  If the responder's length is longer than the ini‐
			     tiator's one, the responder uses the initiator's
			     one.  Otherwise it rejects the proposal.  If PFS
			     is not required by the responder, the responder
			     will obey the proposal.  If PFS is required by
			     both sides and if the responder's group is not
			     equal to the initiator's one, then the responder
			     will reject the proposal.
		     claim   If the responder's length is longer than the ini‐
			     tiator's one, the responder will use the initia‐
			     tor's one.	 If the responder's length is shorter
			     than the initiator's one, the responder uses its
			     own length AND sends a RESPONDER-LIFETIME notify
			     message to an initiator in the case of lifetime.
			     About PFS, this directive is same as strict.
		     exact   If the initiator's length is not equal to the
			     responder's one, the responder will reject the
			     proposal.	If PFS is required by both sides and
			     if the responder's group is not equal to the ini‐
			     tiator's one, then the responder will reject the
			     proposal.
	     support_mip6 (on | off);
		     If this value is set on then both values of ID payloads
		     in phase 2 exchange are always used as the addresses of
		     end-point of IPsec-SAs.  The default is off.
	     generate_policy (on | off);
		     This directive is for the responder.  Therefore you
		     should set passive on in order that racoon(8) only
		     becomes a responder.  If the responder does not have any
		     policy in SPD during phase 2 negotiation, and the direc‐
		     tive is set on, then racoon(8) will choice the first pro‐
		     posal in the SA payload from the initiator, and generate
		     policy entries from the proposal.	It is useful to nego‐
		     tiate with the client which is allocated IP address
		     dynamically.  Note that inappropriate policy might be
		     installed into the responder's SPD by the initiator.  So
		     that other communication might fail if such policies
		     installed due to some policy mismatches between the ini‐
		     tiator and the responder.	This directive is ignored in
		     the initiator case.  The default value is off.
	     nonce_size number;
		     define the byte size of nonce value.  Racoon can send any
		     value although RFC2409 specifies that the value MUST be
		     between 8 and 256 bytes.  The default size is 16 bytes.
	     proposal { sub-substatements }
		     encryption_algorithm algorithm;
			     specify the encryption algorithm used for the
			     phase 1 negotiation.  This directive must be
			     defined.  algorithm is one of following: des,
			     3des, blowfish, cast128 for oakley.  For other
			     transforms, this statement should not be used.
		     hash_algorithm algorithm;
			     define the hash algorithm used for the phase 1
			     negotiation.  This directive must be defined.
			     algorithm is one of following: md5, sha1 for oak‐
			     ley.
		     authentication_method type;
			     defines the authentication method used for the
			     phase 1 negotiation.  This directive must be
			     defined.  type is one of: pre_shared_key, rsasig,
			     gssapi_krb.
		     dh_group group;
			     define the group used for the Diffie-Hellman
			     exponentiations.  This directive must be defined.
			     group is one of following: modp768, modp1024,
			     modp1536.	Or you can define 1, 2, or 5 as the DH
			     group number.  When you want to use aggressive
			     mode, you must define same DH group in each pro‐
			     posal.
		     lifetime time number timeunit;
			     define lifetime of the phase 1 SA proposal.
			     Refer to the description of lifetime directive
			     immediately defined in remote directive.
		     gssapi_id string;
			     define the GSS-API endpoint name, to be included
			     as an attribute in the SA, if the gssapi_krb
			     authentication method is used. If this is not
			     defined, the default value of ‘ike/hostname’ is
			     used, where hostname is the FQDN of the interface
			     being used.

   Policy Specifications
     The policy directive is obsolete, policies are now in the SPD.  racoon(8)
     will obey the policy configured into the kernel by setkey(8), and will
     construct phase 2 proposals by combining sainfo specifications in
     racoon.conf, and policies in the kernel.

   Sainfo Specifications
     sainfo (source_id destination_id | anonymous) { statements }
	     defines the parameters of the IKE phase 2 (IPsec-SA establish‐
	     ment).  source_id and destination_id are constructed like:

	     address address [/ prefix] [[port]] ul_proto

	     or

	     idtype string

	     It means exactly the content of ID payload.  This is not like a
	     filter rule.  For example, if you define 3ffe:501:4819::/48 as
	     source_id.	 3ffe:501:4819:1000:/64 will not match.

	     pfs_group group;
		     define the group of Diffie-Hellman exponentiations.  If
		     you do not require PFS then you can omit this directive.
		     Any proposal will be accepted if you do not specify one.
		     group is one of following: modp768, modp1024, modp1536.
		     Or you can define 1, 2, or 5 as the DH group number.
	     lifetime time number timeunit;
		     define the lifetime of amount of time which are to be
		     used IPsec-SA.  Any proposal will be accepted, and no
		     attribute(s) will be proposed to the peer if you do not
		     specify it(them).	See the proposal_check directive.
	     my_identifier idtype ...;
		     is obsolete.  It does not make sense to specify a identi‐
		     fier in the phase 2.

	     racoon(8) does not have the list of security protocols to be
	     negotiated.  The list of security protocols are passed by SPD in
	     the kernel.  Therefore you have to define all of the potential
	     algorithms in the phase 2 proposals even if there is a algorithm
	     which will not be used.  These algorithms are define by using the
	     following three directives, and they are lined with single comma
	     as the separator.	For algorithms that can take variable-length
	     keys, algorithm names can be followed by a key length, like
	     “blowfish 448”.  racoon(8) will compute the actual phase 2 pro‐
	     posals by computing the permutation of the specified algorithms,
	     and then combining them with the security protocol specified by
	     the SPD.  For example, if des, 3des, hmac_md5, and hmac_sha1 are
	     specified as algorithms, we have four combinations for use with
	     ESP, and two for AH.  Then, based on the SPD settings, racoon(8)
	     will construct the actual proposals.  If the SPD entry asks for
	     ESP only, there will be 4 proposals.  If it asks for both AH and
	     ESP, there will be 8 proposals.  Note that the kernel may not
	     support the algorithm you have specified.
	     encryption_algorithm algorithms;
		     des, 3des, des_iv64, des_iv32, rc5, rc4, idea, 3idea,
		     cast128, blowfish, null_enc, twofish, rijndael (used with
		     ESP)
	     authentication_algorithm algorithms;
		     des, 3des, des_iv64, des_iv32, hmac_md5, hmac_sha1,
		     non_auth (used with ESP authentication and AH)
	     compression_algorithm algorithms;
		     deflate (used with IPComp)

   Logging level
     log level;
	     define logging level.  level is one of following: notify, debug
	     and debug2.  The default is notify.  If you put too high logging
	     level on slower machines, IKE negotiation can fail due to timing
	     constraint changes.

   Specifying the way to pad
     padding { statements }
	     specified padding format.	The following are valid statements:
	     randomize (on | off);
		     enable using a randomized value for padding.  The default
		     is on.
	     randomize_length (on | off);
		     the pad length is random.	The default is off.
	     maximum_length number;
		     define a maximum padding length.  If randomize_length is
		     off, this is ignored. The default is 20 bytes.
	     exclusive_tail (on | off);
		     means to put the number of pad bytes minus one into last
		     part of the padding.  The default is on.
	     strict_check (on | off);
		     means to be constrained the peer to set the number of pad
		     bytes.  The default is off.

   Special directives
     complex_bundle (on | off);
	     defines the interpretation of proposal in the case of SA bundle.
	     Normally “IP AH ESP IP payload” is proposed as “AH tunnel and ESP
	     tunnel”.  The interpretation is more common to other IKE imple‐
	     mentations, however, it allows very limited set of combinations
	     for proposals.  With the option enabled, it will be proposed as
	     “AH transport and ESP tunnel”.  The default value is off.

   Pre-shared key File
     Pre-shared key file defines a pair of the identifier and the shared
     secret key which are used at Pre-shared key authentication method in
     phase 1.  The pair in each lines are separated by some number of blanks
     and/or tab characters like hosts(5).  Key can be included any blanks
     because all of the words after 2nd column are interpreted as a secret
     key.  Lines start with ‘#’ are ignored.  Keys which start with ‘0x’ are
     hexa-decimal strings.  Note that the file must be owned by the user ID
     running racoon(8) (usually the privileged user), and must not be accessi‐
     ble by others.

EXAMPLES
     The following shows how the remote directive should be configured.

     path pre_shared_key "/usr/local/v6/etc/psk.txt" ;
     remote anonymous
     {
	     exchange_mode aggressive,main,base;
	     lifetime time 24 hour;
	     proposal {
		     encryption_algorithm 3des;
		     hash_algorithm sha1;
		     authentication_method pre_shared_key;
		     dh_group 2;
	     }
     }

     sainfo anonymous
     {
	     pfs_group 2;
	     lifetime time 12 hour ;
	     encryption_algorithm 3des, blowfish 448, twofish, rijndael ;
	     authentication_algorithm hmac_sha1, hmac_md5 ;
	     compression_algorithm deflate ;
     }

     The following is a sample of the file defined pre-shared key.

     10.160.94.3     mekmitasdigoat
     172.16.1.133    0x12345678
     194.100.55.1    whatcertificatereally
     3ffe:501:410:ffff:200:86ff:fe05:80fa    mekmitasdigoat
     3ffe:501:410:ffff:210:4bff:fea2:8baa    mekmitasdigoat
     foo@kame.net    mekmitasdigoat
     foo.kame.net    hoge

SEE ALSO
     racoon(8), setkey(8)

HISTORY
     The racoon.conf configuration file first appeared in “YIPS” Yokogawa
     IPsec implementation.

BUGS
     Some statements may not be handled by racoon(8) yet.

KAME			       November 20, 2000			  KAME
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