REMAINDER(3) BSD Library Functions Manual REMAINDER(3)[top]NAMEremainder, remainderf, remainderl, remquo, remquof,remquol— minimal residue functionsLIBRARYMath Library (libm, -lm)SYNOPSIS#include <math.h> double remainder(double x, double y); float remainderf(float x, float y); long double remainderl(long double x, long double y); double remquo(double x, double y, int *quo); float remquof(float x, float y, int *quo); long double remquol(long double x, long double y, int *quo);DESCRIPTIONremainder(), remainderf(), remainderl(), remquo(), remquof(), and remquol() return the remainder r := x - n∗y where n is the integer near‐ est the exact value of x/y; moreover if |n - x/y| = 1/2 then n is even. Consequently the remainder is computed exactly and |r| ≤ |y|/2. But attempting to take the remainder when y is 0 or x is ±∞ is an invalid operation that produces a NaN. The remquo(), remquof(), and remquol() functions also store the last k bits of n in the location pointed to by quo, provided that n exists. The number of bits k is platform-specific, but is guaranteed to be at least 3.SEE ALSOfmod(3), ieee(3), math(3)STANDARDSThe remainder(), remainderf(), remainderl(), remquo(), remquof(), and remquol() routines conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (“ISO C99”). The remain‐ der is as defined in IEEE Std 754-1985.HISTORYThe remainder() and remainderf() functions appeared in 4.3BSD and FreeBSD 2.0, respectively. The remquo() and remquof() functions were added in FreeBSD 6.0, and remainderl() and remquol() were added in FreeBSD 8.0.BSDMarch 30, 2008 BSD

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