revnetgroup man page on OpenDarwin

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REVNETGROUP(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		REVNETGROUP(8)

     revnetgroup — generate reverse netgroup data

     revnetgroup -u -h [-f netgroup_file]

     revnetgroup processes the contents of a file in netgroup(5) format into
     what is called reverse netgroup form. That is, where the original file
     shows netgroup memberships in terms of which members reside in a particu‐
     lar group, the reverse netgroup format specifies what groups are associ‐
     ated with a particular member. This information is used to generate the
     netgroup.byuser and netgroup.byhosts YP maps. These reverse netgroup maps
     are used to help speed up netgroup lookups, particularly for the
     innetgr() library function.

     For example, the standard /etc/netgroup file may list a netgroup and a
     list of its members. Here, the netgroup is considered the key and the
     member names are the data.	 By contrast, the reverse netgroup.byusers
     database lists each unique member as the key and the netgroups to which
     the members belong become the data. Seperate databases are created to
     hold information pertaining to users and hosts; this allows netgroup
     username lookups and netgroup hostname lookups to be performed using
     independent keyspaces.

     By constructing these reverse netgroup databases (and the corresponding
     YP maps) in advance, the getnetgrent(3) library functions are spared from
     having to work out the dependencies themselves on the fly. This is impor‐
     tant on networks with large numbers of users and hosts, since it can take
     a considerable amount of time to process very large netgroup databases.

     The revnetgroup command prints its results on the standard output. It is
     usually called only by /var/yp/<domain>/Makefile when rebuilding the YP
     netgroup maps.

     The revnetgroup command supports the following options:

     -u	   Generate netgroup.byuser output; only username information in the
	   original netgroup file is processed.

     -h	   Generate netgroup.byhost output; only hostname information in the
	   original netgroup file is processed. (Note at least one of the -u
	   or -h flags must be specified.)

     [-f netgroup_file]
	   The revnetgroup command uses /etc/netgroup as its default input
	   file. The -f flag allows the user to specify an alternate input
	   file. Specifying ``-'' as the input file causes revnetgroup to read
	   from the standard input.

     /var/yp/<domain>Makefile	       The Makefile that calls makedbm and
				       revnetgroup to build the YP databases.
     /etc/netgroup		       The default netgroup database file.
				       This file is most often found only on
				       the YP master server.

     getnetgrent(3), yp(8), netgroup(5), makedbm(8)

     Bill Paul <>

BSD			       October 24, 1995				   BSD

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