rnews man page on 4.4BSD

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RNEWS(1)							      RNEWS(1)

       rnews - receive news from a UUCP connection

       rnews [ -h host ] [ -v ] [ -U ] [ -S master ] [ input ]

       Rnews  reads messages sent by a downstream UUCP newsfeed and sends them
       to the local InterNetNews server.  The message is read from the	speci‐
       fied input file, or standard input if no input is named.

       If  the	``-S''	flag is used, then rnews will connect to the specified
       host.  If the flag is not used, it will try to connect to the server by
       opening a Unix-domain stream connection.	 If that fails, it will try to
       open a TCP connection to the default remote server.

       If the server is not available, the message is spooled into a new  file
       created	in  the /var/spool/news/spool/in.coming directory.  The ``-U''
       flag may be used to send all spooled messages to	 the  server  once  it
       becomes available again, and can be invoked regularly by cron(8).

       When  sent  over UUCP, Usenet articles are typically joined in a single
       batch to reduce the UUCP overhead.  Batches can also be compressed,  to
       reduce the communication time.  If a message does not start with a num‐
       ber sign (``#'') and an exclamation point, then	the  entire  input  is
       taken  as  a single news article.  If it does start with with those two
       characters, then the first line is read and interpreted as a batch com‐

       If the command is ``#! rnews nnn'' where nnn is a number, then the next
       nnn bytes (starting with the next line) are read as a news article.

       If the command is ``#! cunbatch'' then the rest of input is fed to  the
       compress(1) program with the ``-d'' flag to uncompress it, and the out‐
       put of this pipe is read as rnews's input.  This is for historical com‐
       patibility  —  there  is no program named cunbatch.  A compressed batch
       will start with a ``#! cunbatch'' line, then contain a series of	 arti‐
       cles separated by ``#! rnews nnn'' lines.

       If the command is any other word, then rnews will try to execute a pro‐
       gram with that name in the  directory  /usr/contrib/rnews.   The	 batch
       will  be fed into the program's standard input, and the standard output
       will be read back as input into rnews.  If the ``-v'' flag is used,  it
       will  print  a  notice of all such errors on the standard error, naming
       the input file (if known) and printing the first few characters of  the
       input.  Errors are always logged through syslog(3).

       If  the	``-h'' flag is given, or failing that, the enviroment variable
       UU_MACHINE is set, then rnews will log the Message-ID,  and  host,  for
       each article offered to the server via syslog(3).  Logging will only be
       done if the value is not an empty string.

       Rnews cannot process articles that have embedded \0's in them.

       Written by Rich $alz <rsalz@uunet.uu.net> for  InterNetNews.   This  is
       revision 1.15, dated 1993/01/29.



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