s_client man page on OpenDarwin

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S_CLIENT(1)			    OpenSSL			   S_CLIENT(1)

NAME
       s_client - SSL/TLS client program

SYNOPSIS
       openssl s_client [-connect host:port] [-verify depth] [-cert filename]
       [-key filename] [-CApath directory] [-CAfile filename] [-reconnect]
       [-pause] [-showcerts] [-debug] [-msg] [-nbio_test] [-state] [-nbio]
       [-crlf] [-ign_eof] [-quiet] [-ssl2] [-ssl3] [-tls1] [-no_ssl2]
       [-no_ssl3] [-no_tls1] [-bugs] [-cipher cipherlist] [-starttls protocol]
       [-engine id] [-rand file(s)]

DESCRIPTION
       The s_client command implements a generic SSL/TLS client which connects
       to a remote host using SSL/TLS. It is a very useful diagnostic tool for
       SSL servers.

OPTIONS
       -connect host:port
	   This specifies the host and optional port to connect to. If not
	   specified then an attempt is made to connect to the local host on
	   port 4433.

       -cert certname
	   The certificate to use, if one is requested by the server. The
	   default is not to use a certificate.

       -key keyfile
	   The private key to use. If not specified then the certificate file
	   will be used.

       -verify depth
	   The verify depth to use. This specifies the maximum length of the
	   server certificate chain and turns on server certificate verifica‐
	   tion.  Currently the verify operation continues after errors so all
	   the problems with a certificate chain can be seen. As a side effect
	   the connection will never fail due to a server certificate verify
	   failure.

       -CApath directory
	   The directory to use for server certificate verification. This
	   directory must be in "hash format", see verify for more informa‐
	   tion. These are also used when building the client certificate
	   chain.

       -CAfile file
	   A file containing trusted certificates to use during server authen‐
	   tication and to use when attempting to build the client certificate
	   chain.

       -reconnect
	   reconnects to the same server 5 times using the same session ID,
	   this can be used as a test that session caching is working.

       -pause
	   pauses 1 second between each read and write call.

       -showcerts
	   display the whole server certificate chain: normally only the
	   server certificate itself is displayed.

       -prexit
	   print session information when the program exits. This will always
	   attempt to print out information even if the connection fails. Nor‐
	   mally information will only be printed out once if the connection
	   succeeds. This option is useful because the cipher in use may be
	   renegotiated or the connection may fail because a client certifi‐
	   cate is required or is requested only after an attempt is made to
	   access a certain URL. Note: the output produced by this option is
	   not always accurate because a connection might never have been
	   established.

       -state
	   prints out the SSL session states.

       -debug
	   print extensive debugging information including a hex dump of all
	   traffic.

       -msg
	   show all protocol messages with hex dump.

       -nbio_test
	   tests non-blocking I/O

       -nbio
	   turns on non-blocking I/O

       -crlf
	   this option translated a line feed from the terminal into CR+LF as
	   required by some servers.

       -ign_eof
	   inhibit shutting down the connection when end of file is reached in
	   the input.

       -quiet
	   inhibit printing of session and certificate information.  This
	   implicitly turns on -ign_eof as well.

       -ssl2, -ssl3, -tls1, -no_ssl2, -no_ssl3, -no_tls1
	   these options disable the use of certain SSL or TLS protocols. By
	   default the initial handshake uses a method which should be compat‐
	   ible with all servers and permit them to use SSL v3, SSL v2 or TLS
	   as appropriate.

	   Unfortunately there are a lot of ancient and broken servers in use
	   which cannot handle this technique and will fail to connect. Some
	   servers only work if TLS is turned off with the -no_tls option oth‐
	   ers will only support SSL v2 and may need the -ssl2 option.

       -bugs
	   there are several known bug in SSL and TLS implementations. Adding
	   this option enables various workarounds.

       -cipher cipherlist
	   this allows the cipher list sent by the client to be modified.
	   Although the server determines which cipher suite is used it should
	   take the first supported cipher in the list sent by the client. See
	   the ciphers command for more information.

       -starttls protocol
	   send the protocol-specific message(s) to switch to TLS for communi‐
	   cation.  protocol is a keyword for the intended protocol.  Cur‐
	   rently, the only supported keywords are "smtp" and "pop3".

       -engine id
	   specifying an engine (by it's unique id string) will cause s_client
	   to attempt to obtain a functional reference to the specified
	   engine, thus initialising it if needed. The engine will then be set
	   as the default for all available algorithms.

       -rand file(s)
	   a file or files containing random data used to seed the random num‐
	   ber generator, or an EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)).  Multiple files
	   can be specified separated by a OS-dependent character.  The sepa‐
	   rator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all others.

CONNECTED COMMANDS
       If a connection is established with an SSL server then any data
       received from the server is displayed and any key presses will be sent
       to the server. When used interactively (which means neither -quiet nor
       -ign_eof have been given), the session will be renegotiated if the line
       begins with an R, and if the line begins with a Q or if end of file is
       reached, the connection will be closed down.

NOTES
       s_client can be used to debug SSL servers. To connect to an SSL HTTP
       server the command:

	openssl s_client -connect servername:443

       would typically be used (https uses port 443). If the connection suc‐
       ceeds then an HTTP command can be given such as "GET /" to retrieve a
       web page.

       If the handshake fails then there are several possible causes, if it is
       nothing obvious like no client certificate then the -bugs, -ssl2,
       -ssl3, -tls1, -no_ssl2, -no_ssl3, -no_tls1 options can be tried in case
       it is a buggy server. In particular you should play with these options
       before submitting a bug report to an OpenSSL mailing list.

       A frequent problem when attempting to get client certificates working
       is that a web client complains it has no certificates or gives an empty
       list to choose from. This is normally because the server is not sending
       the clients certificate authority in its "acceptable CA list" when it
       requests a certificate. By using s_client the CA list can be viewed and
       checked. However some servers only request client authentication after
       a specific URL is requested. To obtain the list in this case it is nec‐
       essary to use the -prexit option and send an HTTP request for an appro‐
       priate page.

       If a certificate is specified on the command line using the -cert
       option it will not be used unless the server specifically requests a
       client certificate. Therefor merely including a client certificate on
       the command line is no guarantee that the certificate works.

       If there are problems verifying a server certificate then the
       -showcerts option can be used to show the whole chain.

BUGS
       Because this program has a lot of options and also because some of the
       techniques used are rather old, the C source of s_client is rather hard
       to read and not a model of how things should be done. A typical SSL
       client program would be much simpler.

       The -verify option should really exit if the server verification fails.

       The -prexit option is a bit of a hack. We should really report informa‐
       tion whenever a session is renegotiated.

SEE ALSO
       sess_id(1), s_server(1), ciphers(1)

0.9.7d				  2004-05-17			   S_CLIENT(1)
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