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SBUF(9)			 BSD Kernel Developer's Manual		       SBUF(9)

NAME
     sbuf, sbuf_new, sbuf_new_auto, sbuf_clear, sbuf_setpos, sbuf_bcat,
     sbuf_bcopyin, sbuf_bcpy, sbuf_cat, sbuf_copyin, sbuf_cpy, sbuf_printf,
     sbuf_vprintf, sbuf_putc, sbuf_trim, sbuf_overflowed, sbuf_finish,
     sbuf_data, sbuf_len, sbuf_done, sbuf_delete — safe string formatting

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/sbuf.h>

     struct sbuf *
     sbuf_new(struct sbuf *s, char *buf, int length, int flags);

     struct sbuf *
     sbuf_new_auto();

     void
     sbuf_clear(struct sbuf *s);

     int
     sbuf_setpos(struct sbuf *s, int pos);

     int
     sbuf_bcat(struct sbuf *s, const void *buf, size_t len);

     int
     sbuf_bcopyin(struct sbuf *s, const void *uaddr, size_t len);

     int
     sbuf_bcpy(struct sbuf *s, const void *buf, size_t len);

     int
     sbuf_cat(struct sbuf *s, const char *str);

     int
     sbuf_copyin(struct sbuf *s, const void *uaddr, size_t len);

     int
     sbuf_cpy(struct sbuf *s, const char *str);

     int
     sbuf_printf(struct sbuf *s, const char *fmt, ...);

     int
     sbuf_vprintf(struct sbuf *s, const char *fmt, va_list ap);

     int
     sbuf_putc(struct sbuf *s, int c);

     int
     sbuf_trim(struct sbuf *s);

     int
     sbuf_overflowed(struct sbuf *s);

     void
     sbuf_finish(struct sbuf *s);

     char *
     sbuf_data(struct sbuf *s);

     int
     sbuf_len(struct sbuf *s);

     int
     sbuf_done(struct sbuf *s);

     void
     sbuf_delete(struct sbuf *s);

DESCRIPTION
     The sbuf family of functions allows one to safely allocate, construct and
     release bounded null-terminated strings in kernel space.  Instead of
     arrays of characters, these functions operate on structures called sbufs,
     defined in <sys/sbuf.h>.

     The sbuf_new() function initializes the sbuf pointed to by its first
     argument.	If that pointer is NULL, sbuf_new() allocates a struct sbuf
     using malloc(9).  The buf argument is a pointer to a buffer in which to
     store the actual string; if it is NULL, sbuf_new() will allocate one
     using malloc(9).  The length is the initial size of the storage buffer.
     The fourth argument, flags, may be comprised of the following flags:

     SBUF_FIXEDLEN    The storage buffer is fixed at its initial size.
		      Attempting to extend the sbuf beyond this size results
		      in an overflow condition.

     SBUF_AUTOEXTEND  This indicates that the storage buffer may be extended
		      as necessary, so long as resources allow, to hold addi‐
		      tional data.

     Note that if buf is not NULL, it must point to an array of at least
     length characters.	 The result of accessing that array directly while it
     is in use by the sbuf is undefined.

     The sbuf_new_auto() function is a shortcut for creating a completely
     dynamic sbuf.  It is the equivalent of calling sbuf_new() with values
     NULL, NULL, 0, and SBUF_AUTOEXTEND.

     The sbuf_delete() function clears the sbuf and frees any memory allocated
     for it.  There must be a call to sbuf_delete() for every call to
     sbuf_new().  Any attempt to access the sbuf after it has been deleted
     will fail.

     The sbuf_clear() function invalidates the contents of the sbuf and resets
     its position to zero.

     The sbuf_setpos() function sets the sbuf's end position to pos, which is
     a value between zero and one less than the size of the storage buffer.
     This effectively truncates the sbuf at the new position.

     The sbuf_bcat() function appends the first len bytes from the buffer buf
     to the sbuf.

     The sbuf_bcopyin() function copies len bytes from the specified userland
     address into the sbuf.

     The sbuf_bcpy() function replaces the contents of the sbuf with the first
     len bytes from the buffer buf.

     The sbuf_cat() function appends the NUL-terminated string str to the sbuf
     at the current position.

     The sbuf_copyin() function copies a NUL-terminated string from the speci‐
     fied userland address into the sbuf.  If the len argument is non-zero, no
     more than len characters (not counting the terminating NUL) are copied;
     otherwise the entire string, or as much of it as can fit in the sbuf, is
     copied.

     The sbuf_cpy() function replaces the contents of the sbuf with those of
     the NUL-terminated string str.  This is equivalent to calling sbuf_cat()
     with a fresh sbuf or one which position has been reset to zero with
     sbuf_clear() or sbuf_setpos().

     The sbuf_printf() function formats its arguments according to the format
     string pointed to by fmt and appends the resulting string to the sbuf at
     the current position.

     The sbuf_vprintf() function behaves the same as sbuf_printf() except that
     the arguments are obtained from the variable-length argument list ap.

     The sbuf_putc() function appends the character c to the sbuf at the cur‐
     rent position.

     The sbuf_trim() function removes trailing whitespace from the sbuf.

     The sbuf_overflowed() function returns a non-zero value if the sbuf over‐
     flowed.

     The sbuf_finish() function null-terminates the sbuf and marks it as fin‐
     ished, which means that it may no longer be modified using sbuf_setpos(),
     sbuf_cat(), sbuf_cpy(), sbuf_printf() or sbuf_putc().

     The sbuf_data() and sbuf_len() functions return the actual string and its
     length, respectively; sbuf_data() only works on a finished sbuf.
     sbuf_done() returns non-zero if the sbuf is finished.

NOTES
     If an operation caused an sbuf to overflow, most subsequent operations on
     it will fail until the sbuf is finished using sbuf_finish() or reset
     using sbuf_clear(), or its position is reset to a value between 0 and one
     less than the size of its storage buffer using sbuf_setpos(), or it is
     reinitialized to a sufficiently short string using sbuf_cpy().

RETURN VALUES
     The sbuf_new() function returns NULL if it failed to allocate a storage
     buffer, and a pointer to the new sbuf otherwise.

     The sbuf_setpos() function returns -1 if pos was invalid, and zero other‐
     wise.

     The sbuf_cat(), sbuf_cpy(), sbuf_printf(), sbuf_putc(), and sbuf_trim()
     functions all return -1 if the buffer overflowed, and zero otherwise.

     The sbuf_overflowed() function returns a non-zero value if the buffer
     overflowed, and zero otherwise.

     The sbuf_data() and sbuf_len() functions return NULL and -1, respec‐
     tively, if the buffer overflowed.

     The sbuf_copyin() function returns -1 if copying string from userland
     failed, and number of bytes copied otherwise.

SEE ALSO
     printf(3), strcat(3), strcpy(3), copyin(9), copyinstr(9), printf(9)

HISTORY
     The sbuf family of functions first appeared in FreeBSD 4.4.

AUTHORS
     The sbuf family of functions was designed by Poul-Henning Kamp
     ⟨phk@FreeBSD.org⟩ and implemented by Dag-Erling Smørgrav
     ⟨des@FreeBSD.org⟩.	 Additional improvements were suggested by Justin T.
     Gibbs ⟨gibbs@FreeBSD.org⟩.	 Auto-extend support added by Kelly Yancey
     ⟨kbyanc@FreeBSD.org⟩.

     This manual page was written by Dag-Erling Smørgrav ⟨des@FreeBSD.org⟩.

BSD				 May 17, 2009				   BSD
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