security man page on OpenDarwin

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   3202 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
OpenDarwin logo
[printable version]

security(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		   security(1)

NAME
     security — Command line interface to keychains and Security.framework

SYNOPSIS
     security [-hilqv] [-p prompt] [command] [command_options] [command_args]

DESCRIPTION
     A simple command line interface which lets you administer Keychains,
     manipulate keys and certificates, and do just about anything the Security
     framework is capable of from the command line.  New commands are con‐
     stantly being added over time.

     By default security will execute the command supplied and report if any‐
     thing went wrong.

     If the -i or -p options are provided, security will enter interactive
     mode and allow the user to enter multiple commands on stdin.  When EOF is
     read from stdin security will exit.

     Here is a complete list of the options available:

     -h	      If no arguments are specified show a list of all commands.  If
	      arguments are provided show usage for each the specified com‐
	      mands.  This options is basically the same as the help command.

     -i	      Run security in interactive mode.	 A prompt (security> by
	      default) will be displayed and the user will be able to type
	      commands on stdin until an EOF is encountered.

     -l	      Before security exits run
		    /usr/bin/leaks -nocontext
	      on itself to see if the command(s) you executed leaks.

     -p prompt
	      This option implies the -i option but changes the default prompt
	      to the argument specified instead.

     -q	      Will make security less verbose.

     -v	      Will make security more verbose.

SECURITY COMMAND SUMMARY
     security provides a rich variety of commands (command in the SYNOPSIS),
     each of which often has a wealth of options, to allow access to the broad
     functionality provided by the Security framework.	However, you don't
     have to master every detail for security to be useful to you.

     Here are brief descriptions of all the security commands:

     help		     Show all commands. Or show usage for a command.
     list-keychains	     Display or manipulate the keychain search list.
     default-keychain	     Display or set the default keychain.
     login-keychain	     Display or set the login keychain.
     create-keychain	     Create keychains and add them to the search list.
     delete-keychain	     Delete keychains and remove them from the search
			     list.
     lock-keychain	     Lock the specified keychain.
     unlock-keychain	     Unlock the specified keychain.
     set-keychain-settings   Set Nm settings for a keychain.
     show-keychain-info	     Show the settings for keychain.
     dump-keychain	     Dump the contents of one or more keychains.
     create-keypair	     Create an assymetric keypair.
     add-internet-password   Add an internet password item.
     add-certificates	     Add certificates to a keychain.
     find-internet-password  Find an internet password item.
     find-certificate	     Find a certificate item.
     create-db		     Create an db using the DL.
     leaks		     Run /usr/bin/leaks on this proccess.

COMMON COMMAND OPTIONS
     This section describes the command_options that are available across all
     security commands.

     -h	      Show a usage message for the specified command.  This option is
	      basically the same as the help command.

SECURITY COMMANDS
     Here (finally) are details on all the security commands and the options
     each accepts.

     help [-h]
	    Show all commands. Or show usage for a command.

     list-keychains [-h] [-d user|system|common] [-s [keychain...]]
	    Display or set the keychain search list.

	    Options:
	    -d user|system|common
		     Specify the preferences domain to be used.
	    -s	     Set the search list to the specified keychains

     default-keychain [-h] [-d user|system|common] [-s [keychain]]
	    Display or set the default keychain.

	    Options:
	    -d user|system|common
		     Specify the preferences domain to be used.
	    -s	     Set the default keychain to the specified keychain.
		     Unset it if no keychain is specified.

     login-keychain [-h] [-d user|system|common] [-s [keychain]]
	    Display or set the login keychain.

	    Options:
	    -d user|system|common
		     Specify the preferences domain to be used.
	    -s	     Set the login keychain to the specified keychain.	Unset
		     it if no keychain is specified.

     create-keychain [-hP] [-p password] [keychain...]
	    Create keychains and add them to the search list.  if no keychains
	    are specified the user is prompted for one.

	    Options:
	    -P		    Prompt the user for a password using the Secu‐
			    rityAgent.
	    -p password	    Use password as the password for the keychains
			    being created.

	    If neither -P or -p password are specified the user is prompted
	    for a password.

     delete-keychain [-h] [keychain...]
	    Delete keychains and remove them from the search list.

     lock-keychain [-h] [-a|keychain]
	    Lock keychain. Or the default is none is specified.	 If the -a
	    options is specified all keychains are locked.

     unlock-keychain [-hu] [-p password] [keychain]
	    Unlock keychain. Or the default is none is specified.

     set-keychain-settings [-hlu] [-t timeout] [keychain]
	    Set settings for keychain. Or the default is none is specified.
	    -l		    Lock keychain when the system sleeps
	    -u		    Lock keychain after certain period of time speci‐
			    fied using -t.
	    -t timeout	    Automatically lock keychain after timeout seconds
			    of inactivity.

     show-keychain-info [-h]
	    Show the settings for keychain.

     dump-keychain [-dhr]
	    Dump the contents of one or more keychains.
	    -d		    Dump cleartext data of items.
	    -r		    Dump raw (possibly ciphertext) data of items.

     create-keypair [-h] [-a alg] [-s size] [-f from_date] [-t to_date] [-v
     days] [-k keychain] [-n name] [-A|-T app1:app2:...]
	    Create an assymetric keypair.

     add-internet-password [-h] [-a account_name] [-d security_domain] [-p
     path] [-P port] [-r protocol] [-s server_name] [-t authentication_type]
     [-w password_data] [keychain]
	    Add an internet password item.

     add-certificates [-h] [-k keychain] file...
	    Add certficates contained in the specified files to the default
	    keychain.  The files must contain one DER encoded X509 certificate
	    each.
	    -k keychain	    Use keychain rather than the default keychain.

     find-internet-password [-gh] [-a account_name] [-d security_domain] [-p
     path] [-P port] [-r protocol] [-s server_name] [-t authentication_type]
     [keychain...]
	    Find an internet password item.

     find-certificate [-ahmp] [-e email_address] [keychain...]
	    Find a certificate item.  If no keychain arguments are provided,
	    security will search the default search list.

	    Options:
	    -a		    Find all matching certificates, not just the first
			    one.
	    -g dl|cspdl	    Use the AppleDL (default) or AppleCspDL
	    -e email_address
			    Match on "email_address" when searching.
	    -m		    Show the email addresses in the certificate.
	    -p		    Output certificate in pem form.  The default is to
			    dump the attributes and keychain the cert is in.

	    Examples
		  security> find-certificate -a -p > allcerts.pem
	    Exports all certificates from all keychains into a pem file called
	    allcerts.pem.
		  security> find-certificate -a -e me@foo.com -p > certs.pem
	    Exports all certificates from all keychains with the email address
	    mb@foo.com into a pem file called certs.pem.

create-db [-aho0] [-g dl|cspdl] [-m mode] [name]
       Create an db using the DL.  If name isn't provided security will prompt
       the user to type a name.

       Options:
       -a	       Turn off autocommit
       -g dl|cspdl     Use the AppleDL (default) or AppleCspDL
       -m mode	       Set the file permissions to mode.
       -o	       Force using openparams argument
       -0	       Force using version 0 openparams

       Examples
	     security> create-db -m 0644 test.db
	     security> create-db -g cspdl -a test2.db

leaks [-h] [-cycles] [-nocontext] [-nostacks] [-exclude symbol]
       Run /usr/bin/leaks on this proccess.  This is to help find memory leaks
       after running certain commands.

       Options:
       -cycles	       Use a stricter algorithm (See leaks(1) for details).
       -nocontext      Withhold the hex dumps of the leaked memory.
       -nostacks       Don't show stack traces of leaked memory.
       -exclude symbol
		       Ignore leaks called from symbol.

ENVIRONMENT
     MallocStackLogging
	      When using the leaks command or the -l option it's probably a
	      good idea to set this environment variable before security is
	      started.	Doing so will allow leaks to display symbolic back‐
	      traces.

FILES
     ~/Library/Preferences/com.apple.security.plist

	      Propertylist file containing the current users default keychain
	      and keychain search list.

     /Library/Preferences/com.apple.security.plist

	      Propertylist file containing the system default keychain and
	      keychain search list.  This is used by processes started at
	      boottime, or those requesting to use the system search domain,
	      such as system daemons.

     /Library/Preferences/com.apple.security-common.plist

	      Propertylist file containing the a common keychain search list
	      which is appended to every users searchlist and to the system
	      search list as well.

SEE ALSO
     certtool(1), leaks(1)

HISTORY
     security was first introduced in Mac OS X version 10.3

AUTHORS
     Michael Brouwer

BUGS
     security still needs a lot more commands before it can be considered com‐
     plete.  In paticular it should someday superceed both the certtool and
     systemkeychain commands.

Darwin				April 21, 2018				Darwin
[top]

List of man pages available for OpenDarwin

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Tweet
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
....................................................................
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net