SMBSH(1)SMBSH(1)NAMEsmbsh - Allows access to remote SMB shares using UNIX commands
SYNOPSISsmbsh [-W workgroup] [-U username] [-P prefix]
[-R <name resolve order>] [-d <debug level>] [-l logdir]
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.
smbsh allows you to access an NT filesystem using UNIX commands such as
ls, egrep, and rcp. You must use a shell that is dynamically linked in
order for smbsh to work correctly.
Override the default workgroup specified in the workgroup param‐
eter of the smb.conf(5) file for this session. This may be need‐
ed to connect to some servers.
Sets the SMB username or username and password. If this option
is not specified, the user will be prompted for both the user‐
name and the password. If %pass is not specified, the user will
be prompted for the password.
This option allows the user to set the directory prefix for SMB
access. The default value if this option is not specified issmb.
-s <configuration file>
The file specified contains the configuration details required
by the server. The information in this file includes server-spe‐
cific information such as what printcap file to use, as well as
descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide.
See smb.conf for more information. The default configuration
file name is determined at compile time.
debuglevel is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this
parameter is not specified is zero.
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log
files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only crit‐
ical errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a
reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small
amount of information about operations carried out.
Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data,
and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels
above 3 are designed for use only by developers and generate
HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.
Note that specifying this parameter here will override the pa‐
rameter in the smb.conf file.
-R <name resolve order>
This option is used to determine what naming services and in
what order to resolve host names to IP addresses. The option
takes a space-separated string of different name resolution op‐
The options are: "lmhosts", "host", "wins" and "bcast". They
cause names to be resolved as follows :
· lmhosts: Lookup an IP address in the Samba lmhosts file. If
the line in lmhosts has no name type attached to the NetBIOS
name (see the lmhosts(5)for details) then any name type
matches for lookup.
· host: Do a standard host name to IP address resolution, using
the system /etc/hosts, NIS, or DNS lookups. This method of
name resolution is operating system dependent, for instance
on IRIX or Solaris this may be controlled by the /etc/nss‐
witch.conf file). Note that this method is only used if the
NetBIOS name type being queried is the 0x20 (server) name
type, otherwise it is ignored.
· wins: Query a name with the IP address listed in the wins
server parameter. If no WINS server has been specified this
method will be ignored.
· bcast: Do a broadcast on each of the known local interfaces
listed in the interfaces parameter. This is the least reli‐
able of the name resolution methods as it depends on the tar‐
get host being on a locally connected subnet.
If this parameter is not set then the name resolve order defined
in the smb.conf file parameter () will be used.
The default order is lmhosts, host, wins, bcast. Without this
parameter or any entry in the parameter of the smb.conf file,
the name resolution methods will be attempted in this order.
This parameter specifies the location of the shared libraries
used by smbsh. The default value is specified at compile time.
To use the smbsh command, execute smbsh from the prompt and enter the
username and password that authenticates you to the machine running the
Windows NT operating system.
Any dynamically linked command you execute from this shell will access
the /smb directory using the smb protocol. For example, the command ls
/smb will show a list of workgroups. The commandls /smb/MYGROUP will
show all the machines in the workgroup MYGROUP. The commandls /smb/MY‐
GROUP/<machine-name> will show the share names for that machine. You
could then, for example, use the cd command to change directories, vi
to edit files, and rcp to copy files.
This man page is correct for version 3.0 of the Samba suite.
BUGSsmbsh works by intercepting the standard libc calls with the dynamical‐
ly loaded versions in smbwrapper.o. Not all calls have been "wrapped",
so some programs may not function correctly under smbsh .
Programs which are not dynamically linked cannot make use of smbsh's
functionality. Most versions of UNIX have a file command that will de‐
scribe how a program was linked.
SEE ALSOsmbd(8), smb.conf(5)AUTHOR
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by An‐
drew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page
sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and up‐
dated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to Doc‐
Book XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.