swapctl man page on FreeBSD

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SWAPON(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		     SWAPON(8)

NAME
     swapon, swapoff, swapctl — specify devices for paging and swapping

SYNOPSIS
     swapon -aq | file ...
     swapoff -aq | file ...
     swapctl [-AghklmsU] [-a file ... | -d file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The swapon, swapoff and swapctl utilities are used to control swap
     devices in the system.  At boot time all swap entries in /etc/fstab are
     added automatically when the system goes multi-user.  Swap devices use a
     fixed interleave; the maximum number of devices is specified by the ker‐
     nel configuration option NSWAPDEV, which is typically set to 4.  There is
     no priority mechanism.

     The swapon utility adds the specified swap devices to the system.	If the
     -a option is used, all swap devices in /etc/fstab will be added, unless
     their “noauto” option is also set.	 If the -q option is used informa‐
     tional messages will not be written to standard output when a swap device
     is added.

     The swapoff utility removes the specified swap devices from the system.
     If the -a option is used, all swap devices in /etc/fstab will be removed,
     unless their “noauto” option is also set.	If the -q option is used
     informational messages will not be written to standard output when a swap
     device is removed.	 Note that swapoff will fail and refuse to remove a
     swap device if there is insufficient VM (memory + remaining swap devices)
     to run the system.	 The swapoff utility must move swapped pages out of
     the device being removed which could lead to high system loads for a
     period of time, depending on how much data has been swapped out to that
     device.

     The swapctl utility exists primarily for those familiar with other BSDs
     and may be used to add, remove, or list swap devices.  Note that the -a
     option is used differently in swapctl and indicates that a specific list
     of devices should be added.  The -d option indicates that a specific list
     should be removed.	 The -A and -U options to swapctl operate on all swap
     entries in /etc/fstab which do not have their “noauto” option set.

     Swap information can be generated using the swapinfo(8) utility, pstat
     -s, or swapctl -l.	 The swapctl utility has the following options for
     listing swap:

     -h	     Output values in human-readable form.

     -g	     Output values in gigabytes.

     -k	     Output values in kilobytes.

     -m	     Output values in megabytes.

     -l	     List the devices making up system swap.

     -s	     Print a summary line for system swap.

	     The BLOCKSIZE environment variable is used if not specifically
	     overridden.  512 byte blocks are used by default.

FILES
     /dev/{ad,da}?s?b  standard paging devices
     /dev/md?	       memory disk devices
     /etc/fstab	       ASCII file system description table

DIAGNOSTICS
     These utilities may fail for the reasons described in swapon(2).

SEE ALSO
     swapon(2), fstab(5), init(8), mdconfig(8), pstat(8), rc(8)

HISTORY
     The swapon utility appeared in 4.0BSD.  The swapoff and swapctl utilities
     appeared in FreeBSD 5.1.

BSD				 June 23, 2008				   BSD
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