Vim documentation: russian
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*russian.txt* For Vim version 7.3. Last change: 2006 Apr 24
VIM REFERENCE MANUAL by Vassily Ragosin
Russian language localization and support in Vim *russian* *Russian*
1. Introduction |russian-intro|
2. Russian keymaps |russian-keymap|
3. Localization |russian-l18n|
4. Known issues |russian-issues|
1. Introduction *russian-intro*
Russian language is supported perfectly well in Vim. You can type and view
Russian text just as any other, without the need to tweak the settings.
2. Russian keymaps *russian-keymap*
To switch between languages you can use your system native keyboard switcher,
or use one of the Russian keymaps, included in the Vim distribution. For
In the latter case, you can switch between languages even if you do not have
system Russian keyboard or independently from a system-wide keyboard settings.
See 'keymap'. You can also map a key to switch between keyboards, if you
choose the latter option. See |:map|.
For your convenience, to avoid switching between keyboards, when you need to
enter Normal mode command, you can also set 'langmap' option:
This is in utf-8, you cannot read this if your 'encoding' is not utf-8.
You have to type this command in one line, it is wrapped for the sake of
3. Localization *russian-l18n*
If you wish to use messages, help files, menus and other items translated to
Russian, you will need to install the RuVim Language Pack, available in
different codepages from
Make sure that your Vim is at least 6.2.506 and use ruvim 0.5 or later for
automatic installs. Vim also needs to be compiled with |+gettext| feature for
user interface items translations to work.
After downloading an archive from RuVim project, unpack it into your
$VIMRUNTIME directory. We recommend using UTF-8 archive, if your version of
Vim is compiled with |+multi_byte| feature enabled.
In order to use the Russian documentation, make sure you have set the
'helplang' option to "ru".
4. Known issues *russian-issues*
-- If you are using Russian message translations in Win32 console, then
you may see the output produced by "vim --help", "vim --version" commands
and Win32 console window title appearing in a wrong codepage. This problem
is related to a bug in GNU gettext library and may be fixed in the future
releases of gettext.
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