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Archive::Zip(3)	      User Contributed Perl Documentation      Archive::Zip(3)

NAME
       Archive::Zip - Provide an interface to ZIP archive files.

SYNOPSIS
	  # Create a Zip file
	  use Archive::Zip qw( :ERROR_CODES :CONSTANTS );
	  my $zip = Archive::Zip->new();

	  # Add a directory
	  my $dir_member = $zip->addDirectory( 'dirname/' );

	  # Add a file from a string with compression
	  my $string_member = $zip->addString( 'This is a test', 'stringMember.txt' );
	  $string_member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_DEFLATED );

	  # Add a file from disk
	  my $file_member = $zip->addFile( 'xyz.pl', 'AnotherName.pl' );

	  # Save the Zip file
	  unless ( $zip->writeToFileNamed('someZip.zip') == AZ_OK ) {
	      die 'write error';
	  }

	  # Read a Zip file
	  my $somezip = Archive::Zip->new();
	  unless ( $somezip->read( 'someZip.zip' ) == AZ_OK ) {
	      die 'read error';
	  }

	  # Change the compression type for a file in the Zip
	  my $member = $somezip->memberNamed( 'stringMember.txt' );
	  $member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_STORED );
	  unless ( $zip->writeToFileNamed( 'someOtherZip.zip' ) == AZ_OK ) {
	      die 'write error';
	  }

DESCRIPTION
       The Archive::Zip module allows a Perl program to create, manipulate,
       read, and write Zip archive files.

       Zip archives can be created, or you can read from existing zip files.

       Once created, they can be written to files, streams, or strings.
       Members can be added, removed, extracted, replaced, rearranged, and
       enumerated.  They can also be renamed or have their dates, comments, or
       other attributes queried or modified. Their data can be compressed or
       uncompressed as needed.

       Members can be created from members in existing Zip files, or from
       existing directories, files, or strings.

       This module uses the Compress::Raw::Zlib library to read and write the
       compressed streams inside the files.

       One can use Archive::Zip::MemberRead to read the zip file archive
       members as if they were files.

   File Naming
       Regardless of what your local file system uses for file naming, names
       in a Zip file are in Unix format (forward slashes (/) separating
       directory names, etc.).

       "Archive::Zip" tries to be consistent with file naming conventions, and
       will translate back and forth between native and Zip file names.

       However, it can't guess which format names are in. So two rules control
       what kind of file name you must pass various routines:

       Names of files are in local format.
	   "File::Spec" and "File::Basename" are used for various file
	   operations. When you're referring to a file on your system, use its
	   file naming conventions.

       Names of archive members are in Unix format.
	   This applies to every method that refers to an archive member, or
	   provides a name for new archive members. The "extract()" methods
	   that can take one or two names will convert from local to zip names
	   if you call them with a single name.

   Archive::Zip Object Model
   Overview
       Archive::Zip::Archive objects are what you ordinarily deal with.	 These
       maintain the structure of a zip file, without necessarily holding data.
       When a zip is read from a disk file, the (possibly compressed) data
       still lives in the file, not in memory. Archive members hold
       information about the individual members, but not (usually) the actual
       member data. When the zip is written to a (different) file, the member
       data is compressed or copied as needed.	It is possible to make archive
       members whose data is held in a string in memory, but this is not done
       when a zip file is read. Directory members don't have any data.

   Inheritance
	 Exporter
	  Archive::Zip				  Common base class, has defs.
	      Archive::Zip::Archive		  A Zip archive.
	      Archive::Zip::Member		  Abstract superclass for all members.
		  Archive::Zip::StringMember	  Member made from a string
		  Archive::Zip::FileMember	  Member made from an external file
		      Archive::Zip::ZipFileMember Member that lives in a zip file
		      Archive::Zip::NewFileMember Member whose data is in a file
		  Archive::Zip::DirectoryMember	  Member that is a directory

EXPORTS
       :CONSTANTS
	   Exports the following constants:

	   FA_MSDOS FA_UNIX GPBF_ENCRYPTED_MASK
	   GPBF_DEFLATING_COMPRESSION_MASK GPBF_HAS_DATA_DESCRIPTOR_MASK
	   COMPRESSION_STORED COMPRESSION_DEFLATED IFA_TEXT_FILE_MASK
	   IFA_TEXT_FILE IFA_BINARY_FILE COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE
	   COMPRESSION_LEVEL_DEFAULT COMPRESSION_LEVEL_FASTEST
	   COMPRESSION_LEVEL_BEST_COMPRESSION

       :MISC_CONSTANTS
	   Exports the following constants (only necessary for extending the
	   module):

	   FA_AMIGA FA_VAX_VMS FA_VM_CMS FA_ATARI_ST FA_OS2_HPFS FA_MACINTOSH
	   FA_Z_SYSTEM FA_CPM FA_WINDOWS_NTFS
	   GPBF_IMPLODING_8K_SLIDING_DICTIONARY_MASK
	   GPBF_IMPLODING_3_SHANNON_FANO_TREES_MASK
	   GPBF_IS_COMPRESSED_PATCHED_DATA_MASK COMPRESSION_SHRUNK
	   DEFLATING_COMPRESSION_NORMAL DEFLATING_COMPRESSION_MAXIMUM
	   DEFLATING_COMPRESSION_FAST DEFLATING_COMPRESSION_SUPER_FAST
	   COMPRESSION_REDUCED_1 COMPRESSION_REDUCED_2 COMPRESSION_REDUCED_3
	   COMPRESSION_REDUCED_4 COMPRESSION_IMPLODED COMPRESSION_TOKENIZED
	   COMPRESSION_DEFLATED_ENHANCED
	   COMPRESSION_PKWARE_DATA_COMPRESSION_LIBRARY_IMPLODED

       :ERROR_CODES
	   Explained below. Returned from most methods.

	   AZ_OK AZ_STREAM_END AZ_ERROR AZ_FORMAT_ERROR AZ_IO_ERROR

ERROR CODES
       Many of the methods in Archive::Zip return error codes. These are
       implemented as inline subroutines, using the "use constant" pragma.
       They can be imported into your namespace using the ":ERROR_CODES" tag:

	 use Archive::Zip qw( :ERROR_CODES );

	 ...

	 unless ( $zip->read( 'myfile.zip' ) == AZ_OK ) {
	     die "whoops!";
	 }

       AZ_OK (0)
	   Everything is fine.

       AZ_STREAM_END (1)
	   The read stream (or central directory) ended normally.

       AZ_ERROR (2)
	   There was some generic kind of error.

       AZ_FORMAT_ERROR (3)
	   There is a format error in a ZIP file being read.

       AZ_IO_ERROR (4)
	   There was an IO error.

   Compression
       Archive::Zip allows each member of a ZIP file to be compressed (using
       the Deflate algorithm) or uncompressed.

       Other compression algorithms that some versions of ZIP have been able
       to produce are not supported. Each member has two compression methods:
       the one it's stored as (this is always COMPRESSION_STORED for string
       and external file members), and the one you desire for the member in
       the zip file.

       These can be different, of course, so you can make a zip member that is
       not compressed out of one that is, and vice versa.

       You can inquire about the current compression and set the desired
       compression method:

	 my $member = $zip->memberNamed( 'xyz.txt' );
	 $member->compressionMethod();	  # return current compression

	 # set to read uncompressed
	 $member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_STORED );

	 # set to read compressed
	 $member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_DEFLATED );

       There are two different compression methods:

       COMPRESSION_STORED
	   File is stored (no compression)

       COMPRESSION_DEFLATED
	   File is Deflated

   Compression Levels
       If a member's desiredCompressionMethod is COMPRESSION_DEFLATED, you can
       choose different compression levels. This choice may affect the speed
       of compression and decompression, as well as the size of the compressed
       member data.

	 $member->desiredCompressionLevel( 9 );

       The levels given can be:

       0 or COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE
	   This is the same as saying

	     $member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_STORED );

       1 .. 9
	   1 gives the best speed and worst compression, and 9 gives the best
	   compression and worst speed.

       COMPRESSION_LEVEL_FASTEST
	   This is a synonym for level 1.

       COMPRESSION_LEVEL_BEST_COMPRESSION
	   This is a synonym for level 9.

       COMPRESSION_LEVEL_DEFAULT
	   This gives a good compromise between speed and compression, and is
	   currently equivalent to 6 (this is in the zlib code).  This is the
	   level that will be used if not specified.

Archive::Zip Methods
       The Archive::Zip class (and its invisible subclass
       Archive::Zip::Archive) implement generic zip file functionality.
       Creating a new Archive::Zip object actually makes an
       Archive::Zip::Archive object, but you don't have to worry about this
       unless you're subclassing.

   Constructor
       new( [$fileName] )
	   Make a new, empty zip archive.

	       my $zip = Archive::Zip->new();

	   If an additional argument is passed, new() will call read() to read
	   the contents of an archive:

	       my $zip = Archive::Zip->new( 'xyz.zip' );

	   If a filename argument is passed and the read fails for any reason,
	   new will return undef. For this reason, it may be better to call
	   read separately.

   Zip Archive Utility Methods
       These Archive::Zip methods may be called as functions or as object
       methods. Do not call them as class methods:

	   $zip = Archive::Zip->new();
	   $crc = Archive::Zip::computeCRC32( 'ghijkl' );    # OK
	   $crc = $zip->computeCRC32( 'ghijkl' );	     # also OK
	   $crc = Archive::Zip->computeCRC32( 'ghijkl' );    # NOT OK

       Archive::Zip::computeCRC32( $string [, $crc] )
	   This is a utility function that uses the Compress::Raw::Zlib CRC
	   routine to compute a CRC-32. You can get the CRC of a string:

	       $crc = Archive::Zip::computeCRC32( $string );

	   Or you can compute the running CRC:

	       $crc = 0;
	       $crc = Archive::Zip::computeCRC32( 'abcdef', $crc );
	       $crc = Archive::Zip::computeCRC32( 'ghijkl', $crc );

       Archive::Zip::setChunkSize( $number )
	   Report or change chunk size used for reading and writing.  This can
	   make big differences in dealing with large files.  Currently, this
	   defaults to 32K. This also changes the chunk size used for
	   Compress::Raw::Zlib. You must call setChunkSize() before reading or
	   writing. This is not exportable, so you must call it like:

	       Archive::Zip::setChunkSize( 4096 );

	   or as a method on a zip (though this is a global setting).  Returns
	   old chunk size.

       Archive::Zip::chunkSize()
	   Returns the current chunk size:

	       my $chunkSize = Archive::Zip::chunkSize();

       Archive::Zip::setErrorHandler( \&subroutine )
	   Change the subroutine called with error strings. This defaults to
	   \&Carp::carp, but you may want to change it to get the error
	   strings. This is not exportable, so you must call it like:

	       Archive::Zip::setErrorHandler( \&myErrorHandler );

	   If myErrorHandler is undef, resets handler to default.  Returns old
	   error handler. Note that if you call Carp::carp or a similar
	   routine or if you're chaining to the default error handler from
	   your error handler, you may want to increment the number of caller
	   levels that are skipped (do not just set it to a number):

	       $Carp::CarpLevel++;

       Archive::Zip::tempFile( [$tmpdir] )
	   Create a uniquely named temp file. It will be returned open for
	   read/write. If $tmpdir is given, it is used as the name of a
	   directory to create the file in. If not given, creates the file
	   using "File::Spec::tmpdir()". Generally, you can override this
	   choice using the

	       $ENV{TMPDIR}

	   environment variable. But see the File::Spec documentation for your
	   system. Note that on many systems, if you're running in taint mode,
	   then you must make sure that $ENV{TMPDIR} is untainted for it to be
	   used.  Will NOT create $tmpdir if it doesn't exist (this is a
	   change from prior versions!). Returns file handle and name:

	       my ($fh, $name) = Archive::Zip::tempFile();
	       my ($fh, $name) = Archive::Zip::tempFile('myTempDir');
	       my $fh = Archive::Zip::tempFile();  # if you don't need the name

   Zip Archive Accessors
       members()
	   Return a copy of the members array

	       my @members = $zip->members();

       numberOfMembers()
	   Return the number of members I have

       memberNames()
	   Return a list of the (internal) file names of the zip members

       memberNamed( $string )
	   Return ref to member whose filename equals given filename or undef.
	   $string must be in Zip (Unix) filename format.

       membersMatching( $regex )
	   Return array of members whose filenames match given regular
	   expression in list context. Returns number of matching members in
	   scalar context.

	       my @textFileMembers = $zip->membersMatching( '.*\.txt' );
	       # or
	       my $numberOfTextFiles = $zip->membersMatching( '.*\.txt' );

       diskNumber()
	   Return the disk that I start on. Not used for writing zips, but
	   might be interesting if you read a zip in. This should be 0, as
	   Archive::Zip does not handle multi-volume archives.

       diskNumberWithStartOfCentralDirectory()
	   Return the disk number that holds the beginning of the central
	   directory. Not used for writing zips, but might be interesting if
	   you read a zip in. This should be 0, as Archive::Zip does not
	   handle multi-volume archives.

       numberOfCentralDirectoriesOnThisDisk()
	   Return the number of CD structures in the zipfile last read in.
	   Not used for writing zips, but might be interesting if you read a
	   zip in.

       numberOfCentralDirectories()
	   Return the number of CD structures in the zipfile last read in.
	   Not used for writing zips, but might be interesting if you read a
	   zip in.

       centralDirectorySize()
	   Returns central directory size, as read from an external zip file.
	   Not used for writing zips, but might be interesting if you read a
	   zip in.

       centralDirectoryOffsetWRTStartingDiskNumber()
	   Returns the offset into the zip file where the CD begins. Not used
	   for writing zips, but might be interesting if you read a zip in.

       zipfileComment( [$string] )
	   Get or set the zipfile comment. Returns the old comment.

	       print $zip->zipfileComment();
	       $zip->zipfileComment( 'New Comment' );

       eocdOffset()
	   Returns the (unexpected) number of bytes between where the EOCD was
	   found and where it expected to be. This is normally 0, but would be
	   positive if something (a virus, perhaps) had added bytes somewhere
	   before the EOCD. Not used for writing zips, but might be
	   interesting if you read a zip in. Here is an example of how you can
	   diagnose this:

	     my $zip = Archive::Zip->new('somefile.zip');
	     if ($zip->eocdOffset())
	     {
	       warn "A virus has added ", $zip->eocdOffset, " bytes of garbage\n";
	     }

	   The "eocdOffset()" is used to adjust the starting position of
	   member headers, if necessary.

       fileName()
	   Returns the name of the file last read from. If nothing has been
	   read yet, returns an empty string; if read from a file handle,
	   returns the handle in string form.

   Zip Archive Member Operations
       Various operations on a zip file modify members. When a member is
       passed as an argument, you can either use a reference to the member
       itself, or the name of a member. Of course, using the name requires
       that names be unique within a zip (this is not enforced).

       removeMember( $memberOrName )
	   Remove and return the given member, or match its name and remove
	   it. Returns undef if member or name doesn't exist in this Zip. No-
	   op if member does not belong to this zip.

       replaceMember( $memberOrName, $newMember )
	   Remove and return the given member, or match its name and remove
	   it. Replace with new member. Returns undef if member or name
	   doesn't exist in this Zip, or if $newMember is undefined.

	   It is an (undiagnosed) error to provide a $newMember that is a
	   member of the zip being modified.

	       my $member1 = $zip->removeMember( 'xyz' );
	       my $member2 = $zip->replaceMember( 'abc', $member1 );
	       # now, $member2 (named 'abc') is not in $zip,
	       # and $member1 (named 'xyz') is, having taken $member2's place.

       extractMember( $memberOrName [, $extractedName ] )
	   Extract the given member, or match its name and extract it.
	   Returns undef if member doesn't exist in this Zip. If optional
	   second arg is given, use it as the name of the extracted member.
	   Otherwise, the internal filename of the member is used as the name
	   of the extracted file or directory.	If you pass $extractedName, it
	   should be in the local file system's format.	 All necessary
	   directories will be created. Returns "AZ_OK" on success.

       extractMemberWithoutPaths( $memberOrName [, $extractedName ] )
	   Extract the given member, or match its name and extract it.	Does
	   not use path information (extracts into the current directory).
	   Returns undef if member doesn't exist in this Zip.  If optional
	   second arg is given, use it as the name of the extracted member
	   (its paths will be deleted too). Otherwise, the internal filename
	   of the member (minus paths) is used as the name of the extracted
	   file or directory. Returns "AZ_OK" on success.

       addMember( $member )
	   Append a member (possibly from another zip file) to the zip file.
	   Returns the new member. Generally, you will use addFile(),
	   addDirectory(), addFileOrDirectory(), addString(), or read() to add
	   members.

	       # Move member named 'abc' to end of zip:
	       my $member = $zip->removeMember( 'abc' );
	       $zip->addMember( $member );

       updateMember( $memberOrName, $fileName )
	   Update a single member from the file or directory named $fileName.
	   Returns the (possibly added or updated) member, if any; "undef" on
	   errors.  The comparison is based on "lastModTime()" and (in the
	   case of a non-directory) the size of the file.

       addFile( $fileName [, $newName ] )
	   Append a member whose data comes from an external file, returning
	   the member or undef. The member will have its file name set to the
	   name of the external file, and its desiredCompressionMethod set to
	   COMPRESSION_DEFLATED. The file attributes and last modification
	   time will be set from the file.  If the name given does not
	   represent a readable plain file or symbolic link, undef will be
	   returned. $fileName must be in the format required for the local
	   file system.	 The optional $newName argument sets the internal file
	   name to something different than the given $fileName. $newName, if
	   given, must be in Zip name format (i.e. Unix).  The text mode bit
	   will be set if the contents appears to be text (as returned by the
	   "-T" perl operator).

	   NOTE that you shouldn't (generally) use absolute path names in zip
	   member names, as this will cause problems with some zip tools as
	   well as introduce a security hole and make the zip harder to use.

       addDirectory( $directoryName [, $fileName ] )
	   Append a member created from the given directory name. The
	   directory name does not have to name an existing directory.	If the
	   named directory exists, the file modification time and permissions
	   are set from the existing directory, otherwise they are set to now
	   and permissive default permissions.	$directoryName must be in
	   local file system format.  The optional second argument sets the
	   name of the archive member (which defaults to $directoryName). If
	   given, it must be in Zip (Unix) format.  Returns the new member.

       addFileOrDirectory( $name [, $newName ] )
	   Append a member from the file or directory named $name. If $newName
	   is given, use it for the name of the new member.  Will add or
	   remove trailing slashes from $newName as needed.  $name must be in
	   local file system format.  The optional second argument sets the
	   name of the archive member (which defaults to $name). If given, it
	   must be in Zip (Unix) format.

       addString( $stringOrStringRef, $name )
	   Append a member created from the given string or string reference.
	   The name is given by the second argument.  Returns the new member.
	   The last modification time will be set to now, and the file
	   attributes will be set to permissive defaults.

	       my $member = $zip->addString( 'This is a test', 'test.txt' );

       contents( $memberOrMemberName [, $newContents ] )
	   Returns the uncompressed data for a particular member, or undef.

	       print "xyz.txt contains " . $zip->contents( 'xyz.txt' );

	   Also can change the contents of a member:

	       $zip->contents( 'xyz.txt', 'This is the new contents' );

	   If called expecting an array as the return value, it will include
	   the status as the second value in the array.

	       ($content, $status) = $zip->contents( 'xyz.txt');

   Zip Archive I/O operations
       A Zip archive can be written to a file or file handle, or read from
       one.

       writeToFileNamed( $fileName )
	   Write a zip archive to named file. Returns "AZ_OK" on success.

	       my $status = $zip->writeToFileNamed( 'xx.zip' );
	       die "error somewhere" if $status != AZ_OK;

	   Note that if you use the same name as an existing zip file that you
	   read in, you will clobber ZipFileMembers. So instead, write to a
	   different file name, then delete the original.  If you use the
	   "overwrite()" or "overwriteAs()" methods, you can re-write the
	   original zip in this way.  $fileName should be a valid file name on
	   your system.

       writeToFileHandle( $fileHandle [, $seekable] )
	   Write a zip archive to a file handle. Return AZ_OK on success. The
	   optional second arg tells whether or not to try to seek backwards
	   to re-write headers. If not provided, it is set if the Perl "-f"
	   test returns true. This could fail on some operating systems,
	   though.

	       my $fh = IO::File->new( 'someFile.zip', 'w' );
	       unless ( $zip->writeToFileHandle( $fh ) == AZ_OK ) {
		   # error handling
	       }

	   If you pass a file handle that is not seekable (like if you're
	   writing to a pipe or a socket), pass a false second argument:

	       my $fh = IO::File->new( '| cat > somefile.zip', 'w' );
	       $zip->writeToFileHandle( $fh, 0 );   # fh is not seekable

	   If this method fails during the write of a member, that member and
	   all following it will return false from "wasWritten()". See
	   writeCentralDirectory() for a way to deal with this.	 If you want,
	   you can write data to the file handle before passing it to
	   writeToFileHandle(); this could be used (for instance) for making
	   self-extracting archives. However, this only works reliably when
	   writing to a real file (as opposed to STDOUT or some other possible
	   non-file).

	   See examples/selfex.pl for how to write a self-extracting archive.

       writeCentralDirectory( $fileHandle [, $offset ] )
	   Writes the central directory structure to the given file handle.

	   Returns AZ_OK on success. If given an $offset, will seek to that
	   point before writing. This can be used for recovery in cases where
	   writeToFileHandle or writeToFileNamed returns an IO error because
	   of running out of space on the destination file.

	   You can truncate the zip by seeking backwards and then writing the
	   directory:

	       my $fh = IO::File->new( 'someFile.zip', 'w' );
		   my $retval = $zip->writeToFileHandle( $fh );
	       if ( $retval == AZ_IO_ERROR ) {
		   my @unwritten = grep { not $_->wasWritten() } $zip->members();
		   if (@unwritten) {
		       $zip->removeMember( $member ) foreach my $member ( @unwritten );
		       $zip->writeCentralDirectory( $fh,
		       $unwritten[0]->writeLocalHeaderRelativeOffset());
		   }
	       }

       overwriteAs( $newName )
	   Write the zip to the specified file, as safely as possible.	This
	   is done by first writing to a temp file, then renaming the original
	   if it exists, then renaming the temp file, then deleting the
	   renamed original if it exists. Returns AZ_OK if successful.

       overwrite()
	   Write back to the original zip file. See overwriteAs() above.  If
	   the zip was not ever read from a file, this generates an error.

       read( $fileName )
	   Read zipfile headers from a zip file, appending new members.
	   Returns "AZ_OK" or error code.

	       my $zipFile = Archive::Zip->new();
	       my $status = $zipFile->read( '/some/FileName.zip' );

       readFromFileHandle( $fileHandle, $filename )
	   Read zipfile headers from an already-opened file handle, appending
	   new members. Does not close the file handle.	 Returns "AZ_OK" or
	   error code. Note that this requires a seekable file handle; reading
	   from a stream is not yet supported.

	       my $fh = IO::File->new( '/some/FileName.zip', 'r' );
	       my $zip1 = Archive::Zip->new();
	       my $status = $zip1->readFromFileHandle( $fh );
	       my $zip2 = Archive::Zip->new();
	       $status = $zip2->readFromFileHandle( $fh );

   Zip Archive Tree operations
       These used to be in Archive::Zip::Tree but got moved into Archive::Zip.
       They enable operation on an entire tree of members or files.  A usage
       example:

	 use Archive::Zip;
	 my $zip = Archive::Zip->new();

	 # add all readable files and directories below . as xyz/*
	 $zip->addTree( '.', 'xyz' );

	 # add all readable plain files below /abc as def/*
	 $zip->addTree( '/abc', 'def', sub { -f && -r } );

	 # add all .c files below /tmp as stuff/*
	 $zip->addTreeMatching( '/tmp', 'stuff', '\.c$' );

	 # add all .o files below /tmp as stuff/* if they aren't writable
	 $zip->addTreeMatching( '/tmp', 'stuff', '\.o$', sub { ! -w } );

	 # add all .so files below /tmp that are smaller than 200 bytes as stuff/*
	 $zip->addTreeMatching( '/tmp', 'stuff', '\.o$', sub { -s < 200 } );

	 # and write them into a file
	 $zip->writeToFileNamed('xxx.zip');

	 # now extract the same files into /tmpx
	 $zip->extractTree( 'stuff', '/tmpx' );

       $zip->addTree( $root, $dest [,$pred] ) -- Add tree of files to a zip
	   $root is the root of the tree of files and directories to be added.
	   It is a valid directory name on your system. $dest is the name for
	   the root in the zip file (undef or blank means to use relative
	   pathnames). It is a valid ZIP directory name (that is, it uses
	   forward slashes (/) for separating directory components). $pred is
	   an optional subroutine reference to select files: it is passed the
	   name of the prospective file or directory using $_, and if it
	   returns true, the file or directory will be included. The default
	   is to add all readable files and directories. For instance, using

	     my $pred = sub { /\.txt/ };
	     $zip->addTree( '.', '', $pred );

	   will add all the .txt files in and below the current directory,
	   using relative names, and making the names identical in the
	   zipfile:

	     original name	     zip member name
	     ./xyz		     xyz
	     ./a/		     a/
	     ./a/b		     a/b

	   To translate absolute to relative pathnames, just pass them in:
	   $zip->addTree( '/c/d', 'a' );

	     original name	     zip member name
	     /c/d/xyz		     a/xyz
	     /c/d/a/		     a/a/
	     /c/d/a/b		     a/a/b

	   Returns AZ_OK on success. Note that this will not follow symbolic
	   links to directories. Note also that this does not check for the
	   validity of filenames.

	   Note that you generally don't want to make zip archive member names
	   absolute.

       $zip->addTreeMatching( $root, $dest, $pattern [,$pred] )
	   $root is the root of the tree of files and directories to be added
	   $dest is the name for the root in the zip file (undef means to use
	   relative pathnames) $pattern is a (non-anchored) regular expression
	   for filenames to match $pred is an optional subroutine reference to
	   select files: it is passed the name of the prospective file or
	   directory in $_, and if it returns true, the file or directory will
	   be included.	 The default is to add all readable files and
	   directories. To add all files in and below the current dirctory
	   whose names end in ".pl", and make them extract into a subdirectory
	   named "xyz", do this:

	     $zip->addTreeMatching( '.', 'xyz', '\.pl$' )

	   To add all writable files in and below the dirctory named "/abc"
	   whose names end in ".pl", and make them extract into a subdirectory
	   named "xyz", do this:

	     $zip->addTreeMatching( '/abc', 'xyz', '\.pl$', sub { -w } )

	   Returns AZ_OK on success. Note that this will not follow symbolic
	   links to directories.

       $zip->updateTree( $root, [ $dest, [ $pred [, $mirror]]] );
	   Update a zip file from a directory tree.

	   "updateTree()" takes the same arguments as "addTree()", but first
	   checks to see whether the file or directory already exists in the
	   zip file, and whether it has been changed.

	   If the fourth argument $mirror is true, then delete all my members
	   if corresponding files weren't found.

	   Returns an error code or AZ_OK if all is well.

       $zip->extractTree()
       $zip->extractTree( $root )
       $zip->extractTree( $root, $dest )
       $zip->extractTree( $root, $dest, $volume )
	   If you don't give any arguments at all, will extract all the files
	   in the zip with their original names.

	   If you supply one argument for $root, "extractTree" will extract
	   all the members whose names start with $root into the current
	   directory, stripping off $root first.  $root is in Zip (Unix)
	   format.  For instance,

	     $zip->extractTree( 'a' );

	   when applied to a zip containing the files: a/x a/b/c ax/d/e d/e
	   will extract:

	   a/x as ./x

	   a/b/c as ./b/c

	   If you give two arguments, "extractTree" extracts all the members
	   whose names start with $root. It will translate $root into $dest to
	   construct the destination file name.	 $root and $dest are in Zip
	   (Unix) format.  For instance,

	      $zip->extractTree( 'a', 'd/e' );

	   when applied to a zip containing the files: a/x a/b/c ax/d/e d/e
	   will extract:

	   a/x to d/e/x

	   a/b/c to d/e/b/c and ignore ax/d/e and d/e

	   If you give three arguments, "extractTree" extracts all the members
	   whose names start with $root. It will translate $root into $dest to
	   construct the destination file name, and then it will convert to
	   local file system format, using $volume as the name of the
	   destination volume.

	   $root and $dest are in Zip (Unix) format.

	   $volume is in local file system format.

	   For instance, under Windows,

	      $zip->extractTree( 'a', 'd/e', 'f:' );

	   when applied to a zip containing the files: a/x a/b/c ax/d/e d/e
	   will extract:

	   a/x to f:d/e/x

	   a/b/c to f:d/e/b/c and ignore ax/d/e and d/e

	   If you want absolute paths (the prior example used paths relative
	   to the current directory on the destination volume, you can specify
	   these in $dest:

	      $zip->extractTree( 'a', '/d/e', 'f:' );

	   when applied to a zip containing the files: a/x a/b/c ax/d/e d/e
	   will extract:

	   a/x to f:\d\e\x

	   a/b/c to f:\d\e\b\c and ignore ax/d/e and d/e

	   Returns an error code or AZ_OK if everything worked OK.

MEMBER OPERATIONS
   Member Class Methods
       Several constructors allow you to construct members without adding them
       to a zip archive. These work the same as the addFile(), addDirectory(),
       and addString() zip instance methods described above, but they don't
       add the new members to a zip.

       Archive::Zip::Member->newFromString( $stringOrStringRef [, $fileName] )
	   Construct a new member from the given string. Returns undef on
	   error.

	       my $member = Archive::Zip::Member->newFromString( 'This is a test',
							    'xyz.txt' );

       newFromFile( $fileName )
	   Construct a new member from the given file. Returns undef on error.

	       my $member = Archive::Zip::Member->newFromFile( 'xyz.txt' );

       newDirectoryNamed( $directoryName [, $zipname ] )
	   Construct a new member from the given directory.  $directoryName
	   must be a valid name on your file system; it doesn't have to exist.

	   If given, $zipname will be the name of the zip member; it must be a
	   valid Zip (Unix) name. If not given, it will be converted from
	   $directoryName.

	   Returns undef on error.

	       my $member = Archive::Zip::Member->newDirectoryNamed( 'CVS/' );

   Member Simple accessors
       These methods get (and/or set) member attribute values.

       versionMadeBy()
	   Gets the field from the member header.

       fileAttributeFormat( [$format] )
	   Gets or sets the field from the member header. These are "FA_*"
	   values.

       versionNeededToExtract()
	   Gets the field from the member header.

       bitFlag()
	   Gets the general purpose bit field from the member header.  This is
	   where the "GPBF_*" bits live.

       compressionMethod()
	   Returns the member compression method. This is the method that is
	   currently being used to compress the member data.  This will be
	   COMPRESSION_STORED for added string or file members, or any of the
	   "COMPRESSION_*" values for members from a zip file. However, this
	   module can only handle members whose data is in COMPRESSION_STORED
	   or COMPRESSION_DEFLATED format.

       desiredCompressionMethod( [$method] )
	   Get or set the member's "desiredCompressionMethod". This is the
	   compression method that will be used when the member is written.
	   Returns prior desiredCompressionMethod. Only COMPRESSION_DEFLATED
	   or COMPRESSION_STORED are valid arguments. Changing to
	   COMPRESSION_STORED will change the member desiredCompressionLevel
	   to 0; changing to COMPRESSION_DEFLATED will change the member
	   desiredCompressionLevel to COMPRESSION_LEVEL_DEFAULT.

       desiredCompressionLevel( [$method] )
	   Get or set the member's desiredCompressionLevel This is the method
	   that will be used to write. Returns prior desiredCompressionLevel.
	   Valid arguments are 0 through 9, COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE,
	   COMPRESSION_LEVEL_DEFAULT, COMPRESSION_LEVEL_BEST_COMPRESSION, and
	   COMPRESSION_LEVEL_FASTEST. 0 or COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE will change
	   the desiredCompressionMethod to COMPRESSION_STORED.	All other
	   arguments will change the desiredCompressionMethod to
	   COMPRESSION_DEFLATED.

       externalFileName()
	   Return the member's external file name, if any, or undef.

       fileName()
	   Get or set the member's internal filename. Returns the (possibly
	   new) filename. Names will have backslashes converted to forward
	   slashes, and will have multiple consecutive slashes converted to
	   single ones.

       lastModFileDateTime()
	   Return the member's last modification date/time stamp in MS-DOS
	   format.

       lastModTime()
	   Return the member's last modification date/time stamp, converted to
	   unix localtime format.

	       print "Mod Time: " . scalar( localtime( $member->lastModTime() ) );

       setLastModFileDateTimeFromUnix()
	   Set the member's lastModFileDateTime from the given unix time.

	       $member->setLastModFileDateTimeFromUnix( time() );

       internalFileAttributes()
	   Return the internal file attributes field from the zip header. This
	   is only set for members read from a zip file.

       externalFileAttributes()
	   Return member attributes as read from the ZIP file. Note that these
	   are NOT UNIX!

       unixFileAttributes( [$newAttributes] )
	   Get or set the member's file attributes using UNIX file attributes.
	   Returns old attributes.

	       my $oldAttribs = $member->unixFileAttributes( 0666 );

	   Note that the return value has more than just the file permissions,
	   so you will have to mask off the lowest bits for comparisions.

       localExtraField( [$newField] )
	   Gets or sets the extra field that was read from the local header.
	   This is not set for a member from a zip file until after the member
	   has been written out. The extra field must be in the proper format.

       cdExtraField( [$newField] )
	   Gets or sets the extra field that was read from the central
	   directory header. The extra field must be in the proper format.

       extraFields()
	   Return both local and CD extra fields, concatenated.

       fileComment( [$newComment] )
	   Get or set the member's file comment.

       hasDataDescriptor()
	   Get or set the data descriptor flag. If this is set, the local
	   header will not necessarily have the correct data sizes. Instead, a
	   small structure will be stored at the end of the member data with
	   these values. This should be transparent in normal operation.

       crc32()
	   Return the CRC-32 value for this member. This will not be set for
	   members that were constructed from strings or external files until
	   after the member has been written.

       crc32String()
	   Return the CRC-32 value for this member as an 8 character printable
	   hex string. This will not be set for members that were constructed
	   from strings or external files until after the member has been
	   written.

       compressedSize()
	   Return the compressed size for this member. This will not be set
	   for members that were constructed from strings or external files
	   until after the member has been written.

       uncompressedSize()
	   Return the uncompressed size for this member.

       isEncrypted()
	   Return true if this member is encrypted. The Archive::Zip module
	   does not currently create or extract encrypted members.

       isTextFile( [$flag] )
	   Returns true if I am a text file. Also can set the status if given
	   an argument (then returns old state). Note that this module does
	   not currently do anything with this flag upon extraction or
	   storage. That is, bytes are stored in native format whether or not
	   they came from a text file.

       isBinaryFile()
	   Returns true if I am a binary file. Also can set the status if
	   given an argument (then returns old state). Note that this module
	   does not currently do anything with this flag upon extraction or
	   storage. That is, bytes are stored in native format whether or not
	   they came from a text file.

       extractToFileNamed( $fileName )
	   Extract me to a file with the given name. The file will be created
	   with default modes. Directories will be created as needed.  The
	   $fileName argument should be a valid file name on your file system.
	   Returns AZ_OK on success.

       isDirectory()
	   Returns true if I am a directory.

       writeLocalHeaderRelativeOffset()
	   Returns the file offset in bytes the last time I was written.

       wasWritten()
	   Returns true if I was successfully written. Reset at the beginning
	   of a write attempt.

   Low-level member data reading
       It is possible to use lower-level routines to access member data
       streams, rather than the extract* methods and contents(). For instance,
       here is how to print the uncompressed contents of a member in chunks
       using these methods:

	   my ( $member, $status, $bufferRef );
	   $member = $zip->memberNamed( 'xyz.txt' );
	   $member->desiredCompressionMethod( COMPRESSION_STORED );
	   $status = $member->rewindData();
	   die "error $status" unless $status == AZ_OK;
	   while ( ! $member->readIsDone() )
	   {
	   ( $bufferRef, $status ) = $member->readChunk();
	   die "error $status"
		       if $status != AZ_OK && $status != AZ_STREAM_END;
	   # do something with $bufferRef:
	   print $$bufferRef;
	   }
	   $member->endRead();

       readChunk( [$chunkSize] )
	   This reads the next chunk of given size from the member's data
	   stream and compresses or uncompresses it as necessary, returning a
	   reference to the bytes read and a status. If size argument is not
	   given, defaults to global set by Archive::Zip::setChunkSize. Status
	   is AZ_OK on success until the last chunk, where it returns
	   AZ_STREAM_END. Returns "( \$bytes, $status)".

	       my ( $outRef, $status ) = $self->readChunk();
	       print $$outRef if $status != AZ_OK && $status != AZ_STREAM_END;

       rewindData()
	   Rewind data and set up for reading data streams or writing zip
	   files. Can take options for "inflateInit()" or "deflateInit()", but
	   this isn't likely to be necessary.  Subclass overrides should call
	   this method. Returns "AZ_OK" on success.

       endRead()
	   Reset the read variables and free the inflater or deflater.	Must
	   be called to close files, etc. Returns AZ_OK on success.

       readIsDone()
	   Return true if the read has run out of data or errored out.

       contents()
	   Return the entire uncompressed member data or undef in scalar
	   context. When called in array context, returns "( $string, $status
	   )"; status will be AZ_OK on success:

	       my $string = $member->contents();
	       # or
	       my ( $string, $status ) = $member->contents();
	       die "error $status" unless $status == AZ_OK;

	   Can also be used to set the contents of a member (this may change
	   the class of the member):

	       $member->contents( "this is my new contents" );

       extractToFileHandle( $fh )
	   Extract (and uncompress, if necessary) the member's contents to the
	   given file handle. Return AZ_OK on success.

Archive::Zip::FileMember methods
       The Archive::Zip::FileMember class extends Archive::Zip::Member. It is
       the base class for both ZipFileMember and NewFileMember classes. This
       class adds an "externalFileName" and an "fh" member to keep track of
       the external file.

       externalFileName()
	   Return the member's external filename.

       fh()
	   Return the member's read file handle. Automatically opens file if
	   necessary.

Archive::Zip::ZipFileMember methods
       The Archive::Zip::ZipFileMember class represents members that have been
       read from external zip files.

       diskNumberStart()
	   Returns the disk number that the member's local header resides in.
	   Should be 0.

       localHeaderRelativeOffset()
	   Returns the offset into the zip file where the member's local
	   header is.

       dataOffset()
	   Returns the offset from the beginning of the zip file to the
	   member's data.

REQUIRED MODULES
       Archive::Zip requires several other modules:

       Carp

       Compress::Raw::Zlib

       Cwd

       File::Basename

       File::Copy

       File::Find

       File::Path

       File::Spec

       IO::File

       IO::Seekable

       Time::Local

BUGS AND CAVEATS
   When not to use Archive::Zip
       If you are just going to be extracting zips (and/or other archives) you
       are recommended to look at using Archive::Extract instead, as it is
       much easier to use and factors out archive-specific functionality.

   Try to avoid IO::Scalar
       One of the most common ways to use Archive::Zip is to generate Zip
       files in-memory. Most people have use IO::Scalar for this purpose.

       Unfortunately, as of 1.11 this module no longer works with IO::Scalar
       as it incorrectly implements seeking.

       Anybody using IO::Scalar should consider porting to IO::String, which
       is smaller, lighter, and is implemented to be perfectly compatible with
       regular seekable filehandles.

       Support for IO::Scalar most likely will not be restored in the future,
       as IO::Scalar itself cannot change the way it is implemented due to
       back-compatibility issues.

TO DO
       * auto-choosing storing vs compression

       * extra field hooks (see notes.txt)

       * check for dups on addition/renaming?

       * Text file extraction (line end translation)

       * Reading zip files from non-seekable inputs
	 (Perhaps by proxying through IO::String?)

       * separate unused constants into separate module

       * cookbook style docs

       * Handle tainted paths correctly

       * Work on better compatability with other IO:: modules

SUPPORT
       Bugs should be reported via the CPAN bug tracker

       http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Archive-Zip
       <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Archive-Zip>

       For other issues contact the maintainer

AUTHOR
       Adam Kennedy <adamk@cpan.org>

       Previously maintained by Steve Peters <steve@fisharerojo.org>.

       File attributes code by Maurice Aubrey <maurice@lovelyfilth.com>.

       Originally by Ned Konz <nedkonz@cpan.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       Some parts copyright 2006 - 2009 Adam Kennedy.

       Some parts copyright 2005 Steve Peters.

       Original work copyright 2000 - 2004 Ned Konz.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO
       Look at Archive::Zip::MemberRead which is a wrapper that allows one to
       read Zip archive members as if they were files.

       Compress::Raw::Zlib, Archive::Tar, Archive::Extract

       There is a Japanese translation of this document at
       http://www.memb.jp/~deq/perl/doc-ja/Archive-Zip.html
       <http://www.memb.jp/~deq/perl/doc-ja/Archive-Zip.html> that was done by
       DEQ <deq@oct.zaq.ne.jp> . Thanks!

perl v5.16.2			  2009-06-30		       Archive::Zip(3)
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