Data::OptList man page on Oracle

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   33470 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
Oracle logo
[printable version]

Data::OptList(3)      User Contributed Perl Documentation     Data::OptList(3)

       Data::OptList - parse and validate simple name/value option pairs

       version 0.107

	 use Data::OptList;

	 my $options = Data::OptList::mkopt([
	   qw(key1 key2 key3 key4),
	   key5 => { ... },
	   key6 => [ ... ],
	   key7 => sub { ... },
	   key8 => { ... },
	   key8 => [ ... ],
	 ]); the same thing, more or less, as:

	 my $options = [
	   [ key1 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key2 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key3 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key4 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key5 => { ... },	   ],
	   [ key6 => [ ... ],	   ],
	   [ key7 => sub { ... },  ],
	   [ key8 => { ... },	   ],
	   [ key8 => [ ... ],	   ],

       Hashes are great for storing named data, but if you want more than one
       entry for a name, you have to use a list of pairs.  Even then, this is
       really boring to write:

	 $values = [
	   foo => undef,
	   bar => undef,
	   baz => undef,
	   xyz => { ... },

       Just look at all those undefs!  Don't worry, we can get rid of those:

	 $values = [
	   map { $_ => undef } qw(foo bar baz),
	   xyz => { ... },

       Aaaauuugh!  We've saved a little typing, but now it requires thought to
       read, and thinking is even worse than typing... and it's got a bug!  It
       looked right, didn't it?	 Well, the "xyz => { ... }" gets consumed by
       the map, and we don't get the data we wanted.

       With Data::OptList, you can do this instead:

	 $values = Data::OptList::mkopt([
	   qw(foo bar baz),
	   xyz => { ... },

       This works by assuming that any defined scalar is a name and any
       reference following a name is its value.

	 my $opt_list = Data::OptList::mkopt($input, \%arg);

       Valid arguments are:

	 moniker	- a word used in errors to describe the opt list; encouraged
	 require_unique - if true, no name may appear more than once
	 must_be	- types to which opt list values are limited (described below)
	 name_test	- a coderef used to test whether a value can be a name
			  (described below, but you probably don't want this)

       This produces an array of arrays; the inner arrays are name/value
       pairs.  Values will be either "undef" or a reference.

       Positional parameters may be used for compability with the old "mkopt"

	 my $opt_list = Data::OptList::mkopt($input, $moniker, $req_uni, $must_be);

       Valid values for $input:

	undef	 -> []
	hashref	 -> [ [ key1 => value1 ] ... ] # non-ref values become undef
	arrayref -> every name followed by a non-name becomes a pair: [ name => ref ]
		    every name followed by undef becomes a pair: [ name => undef ]
		    otherwise, it becomes [ name => undef ] like so:
		    [ "a", "b", [ 1, 2 ] ] -> [ [ a => undef ], [ b => [ 1, 2 ] ] ]

       By default, a name is any defined non-reference.	 The "name_test"
       parameter can be a code ref that tests whether the argument passed it
       is a name or not.  This should be used rarely.  Interactions between
       "require_unique" and "name_test" are not yet particularly elegant, as
       "require_unique" just tests string equality.  This may change.

       The "must_be" parameter is either a scalar or array of scalars; it
       defines what kind(s) of refs may be values.  If an invalid value is
       found, an exception is thrown.  If no value is passed for this
       argument, any reference is valid.  If "must_be" specifies that values
       must be CODE, HASH, ARRAY, or SCALAR, then Params::Util is used to
       check whether the given value can provide that interface.  Otherwise,
       it checks that the given value is an object of the kind.

       In other words:

	 [ qw(SCALAR HASH Object::Known) ]


	 _SCALAR0($value) or _HASH($value) or _INSTANCE($value, 'Object::Known')

	 my $opt_hash = Data::OptList::mkopt_hash($input, $moniker, $must_be);

       Given valid "mkopt" input, this routine returns a reference to a hash.
       It will throw an exception if any name has more than one value.

       Both "mkopt" and "mkopt_hash" may be exported on request.

       Ricardo Signes <>

       This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Ricardo Signes.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

perl v5.16.3			  2011-05-06		      Data::OptList(3)

List of man pages available for Oracle

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net