bind man page on OpenBSD

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BIND(2)			  OpenBSD Programmer's Manual		       BIND(2)

     bind - bind a name to a socket

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/socket.h>

     bind(int s, const struct sockaddr *name, socklen_t namelen);

     bind() assigns a name to an unnamed socket.  When a socket is created
     with socket(2) it exists in a name space (address family) but has no name
     assigned.	bind() requests that name be assigned to the socket.  namelen
     indicates the amount of space pointed to by name, in bytes.

     Binding a name in the UNIX-domain creates a socket in the file system
     that must be deleted by the caller when it is no longer needed (using

     The rules used in name binding vary between communication domains.
     Consult the manual entries in section 4 for detailed information.

     If the bind is successful, a 0 value is returned.	A return value of -1
     indicates an error, which is further specified in the global errno.

     The bind() call will fail if:

     [EBADF]	   s is not a valid descriptor.

     [ENOTSOCK]	   s is not a socket.

		   The specified address is not available from the local

     [EADDRINUSE]  The specified address is already in use.

     [EINVAL]	   The socket is already bound to an address.

     [EINVAL]	   The family of the socket and that requested in
		   name->sa_family are not equivalent.

     [EACCES]	   The requested address is protected, and the current user
		   has inadequate permission to access it.

     [EFAULT]	   The name parameter is not in a valid part of the user
		   address space.

     The following errors are specific to binding names in the UNIX-domain.

     [ENOTDIR]	   A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

		   A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters,
		   or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters.

     [ENOENT]	   A prefix component of the path name does not exist.

     [ELOOP]	   Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the

     [EIO]	   An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or
		   allocating the inode.

     [EROFS]	   The name would reside on a read-only file system.

     [EISDIR]	   An empty pathname was specified.

     connect(2), getsockname(2), listen(2), socket(2)

     The bind() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

OpenBSD 4.9		       December 29, 2009		   OpenBSD 4.9

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