burncd man page on FreeBSD

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BURNCD(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		     BURNCD(8)

NAME
     burncd — control the ATAPI CD-R/RW driver

SYNOPSIS
     burncd [-deFlmnpqtv] [-f device] [-s speed] [command] [command file ...]

DESCRIPTION
     The burncd utility is used to burn CD-R/RW media using the ATAPI cd
     driver.

     Available options and operands:

     -d		   burn the CD-R/RW in DAO (disk at once) mode.

     -e		   eject the medium when done.

     -f device	   set the device to use for the burning process.

     -F		   force operation regardless of warnings.

     -l		   read a list of image files from filename.

     -m		   close disk in multisession mode (otherwise disk is closed
		   as singlesession).

     -n		   do not write gaps between data tracks in DAO mode.

     -p		   use preemphasis on audio tracks.

     -q		   quiet, do not print progress messages.

     -s speed	   set the speed of the burner device.	Defaults to 4.	Spec‐
		   ify “max” to use the drive's fastest speed.

     -t		   test write, do not actually write on the media.

     -v		   verbose, print extra progress messages.

     command may be one of:

     msinfo	   Show the first LBA of the last track on the media and the
		   next writeable address on the media for use with the
		   mkisofs(8)'s (ports/sysutils/cdrtools) -C switch when
		   adding additional data to ISO file systems with extra ses‐
		   sions.

     blank	   Blank a CD-RW medium.  This uses the fast blanking method,
		   so data are not physically overwritten, only those areas
		   that make the media appear blank for further usage are
		   erased.

     eject	   Eject the medium when done.	This is equivalent to the -e
		   option.

     erase	   Erase a CD-RW medium.  This erases the entire media.	 Can
		   take up to 1 hour to finish.

     format {dvd+rw | dvd-rw}
		   Formats a DVD+RW or DVD-RW media to the default max size
		   and 2048 byte blocks.  This operation can take a long time
		   to finish.  Progress reporting is done during the process.

     fixate	   Fixate the medium so that the TOC is generated and the
		   media can be used in an ordinary CD drive.  The driver
		   defaults to creating singlesession media (see -m option).
		   Ignored in DAO mode (see -d option).

     raw | audio   Set the write mode to produce audio (raw mode) tracks for
		   the following images on the command line.

     data | mode1  Set the write mode to produce data (mode1) tracks for the
		   following image files on the command line.

     mode2	   Set the write mode to produce data (mode2) tracks for the
		   following image files on the command line.

     XAmode1	   Set the write mode to produce data (XAmode1) tracks for the
		   following image files on the command line.

     XAmode2	   Set the write mode to produce data (XAmode2) tracks for the
		   following image files on the command line.

     vcd	   Set the write mode to produce VCD/SVCD tracks for the fol‐
		   lowing image files on the command line.  This automatically
		   sets DAO (-d) and “no gaps” (-n) modes.

     dvdrw	   Set the write mode to write a DVD+RW from the following
		   image.  DVDs only have one track.

     file	   All other arguments are treated as filenames of images to
		   write to the media, or in case the -l option is used as
		   files containing lists of images.

     Files whose length are not a multiple of the current media blocksize are
     quietly zero padded to fit the blocksize requirement.  The conventional
     filename - refers to stdin, and can only be used once.

ENVIRONMENT
     The following environment variables affect the execution of burncd:

     BURNCD_SPEED  The write speed to use if one is not specified with the -s
		   flag.

     CDROM	   The CD device to use if one is not specified with the -f
		   flag.

FILES
     /dev/acd0	The default device, if not overridden by the CDROM environment
		variable or the -f option.

EXAMPLES
     The typical usage for burning a data CD-R:

	   burncd -f /dev/acd0 data file1 fixate

     The typical usage for burning an audio CD-R:

	   burncd -f /dev/acd0 audio file1 file2 file3 fixate

     The typical usage for burning an audio CD-R in DAO mode:

	   burncd -f /dev/acd0 -d audio file1 file2 file3

     The typical usage for burning a mixed mode CD-R:

	   burncd -f /dev/acd0 data file1 audio file2 file3 fixate

     The typical usage for burning from a compressed image file on stdin:

	   gunzip -c file.iso.gz | burncd -f /dev/acd0 data - fixate

     In the examples above, the files burned to data CD-Rs are assumed to be
     ISO9660 file systems.  mkisofs(8), available in the FreeBSD Ports Collec‐
     tion, as part of the sysutils/cdrtools port, is commonly used to create
     ISO9660 file system images from a given directory tree.

HISTORY
     The burncd utility appeared in FreeBSD 4.0.

AUTHORS
     The burncd utility and this manpage was contributed by Søren Schmidt,
     Denmark ⟨sos@FreeBSD.org⟩.

BUGS
     Probably, please report when found.

BSD			       December 21, 2009			   BSD
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