GNOME-SESSION(1)GNOME-SESSION(1)NAMEcinnamon-session - Start the GNOME desktop environment
SYNOPSIScinnamon-session [-a|--autostart=DIR] [--session=SESSION] [--fail‐
safe|-f] [--debug] [--whale]
The cinnamon-session program starts up the GNOME desktop environment.
This command is typically executed by your login manager (either mdm,
xdm, or from your X startup scripts). It will load either your saved
session, or it will provide a default session for the user as defined
by the system administrator (or the default GNOME installation on your
The default session is defined in gnome.session, a .desktop-like file
that is looked for in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/cinnamon-session/sessions,
$XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/cinnamon-session/sessions and $XDG_DATA_DIRS/cinnamon-
When saving a session, cinnamon-session saves the currently running
applications in the $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/cinnamon-session/saved-session
cinnamon-session is an X11R6 session manager. It can manage GNOME
applications as well as any X11R6 SM compliant application.
The following options are supported:
Start all applications defined in DIR, instead of starting the
applications defined in gnome.session, or via the --session
option. Multiple --autostart options can be passed.
Use the applications defined in SESSION.session. If not speci‐
fied, gnome.session will be used.
Run in fail-safe mode. User-specified applications will not be
Enable debugging code.
Show the fail whale in a dialog for debugging it.
Sessions are defined in .session files, that are using a .desktop-like
format, with the following keys in the GNOME Session group:
Name Name of the session. This can be localized.
List of component identifiers (desktop files) that are required
by the session. The required components will always run in the
List of task providers that are required by the session. A
default provider for each task has to be defined with a Default‐
Provider-TASK key; the provider can be overridden by required
components, the saved session or autostart applications. The
task providers will always run in the session.
Identifier (desktop file) of the default provider for TASK. If
no provider for TASK is found in the required components, the
saved session and in the autostart applications, the default
provider will be started.
Here is an example of a session definition:
The .session files are looked for in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/cinnamon-ses‐
sion/sessions, $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/cinnamon-session/sessions and
ENVIRONMENTcinnamon-session sets several environment variables for the use of its
This variable is used by session-manager aware clients to con‐
This variable is set to the X display being used by cinnamon-
session. Note that if the --display option is used this might be
different from the setting of the environment variable when cin‐
namon-session is invoked.
The applications defined in those directories will be started on
login. cinnamon-session-properties(1) can be used to easily
These directories contain the .session files that can be used
with the --session option.
This directory contains the list of applications of the saved