con, telnet, rx, hayes, xms, xmr - remote login, execution, and XMODEM
SYNOPSIScon [ -CdnrRsTv ] [ -b baud ] [ -l [ user ] ] [ -S svc ] [ -c cmd ]
telnet [ -dCrn ] [ -s svc ] [net!]machine
rx [ -eTr ] [ -l user ] [net!]machine [ command-word ... ]
hayes [ -pv ] number [ device ]
xms [ -1p ] file
Con connects to the computer whose network address is net!machine and
logs in if possible. With no options, the account name used on the
remote system is the same as that on the local system. Standard input
and output go to the local machine.
-b sets the baud rate of a dial-up connection to baud.
-n if the input is a file or pipe, do not hang up the connection
when EOF is received, but instead wait for the remote end to
-l with an argument causes user to be used as the account name on
the remote system when performing BSD rlogin authentication.
Without an argument this option disables automatic login and a
normal login session ensues.
-C forces cooked mode, that is, local echo.
-c runs cmd as if it had been typed as a command from the escape
-v (verbose mode) causes information about connection attempts to
be output to standard error. This can be useful when trying to
debug network connectivity.
-d causes debugging information to be output to standard error.
-r suppresses printing of any carriage return followed by a new
line. This is useful since carriage return is a printable char‐
acter in Plan 9.
-R translates newlines to carriage returns and vice versa.
-T translates incoming carriage returns to newlines.
-s strips received characters to 7 bits to forestall misinterpreta‐
tion of ASCII with parity as UTF.
-S Post a pipe as /srv/svc and connect it to standard input and
output. This can be used with -n to create a standing connec‐
tion that consolefs(4), for example, can then open. For telnet,
this option is -s.
The control-\ character is a local escape. It prompts with >>>.
Legitimate responses to the prompt are
i Send a quit [sic] signal to the remote machine.
b Send a break.
. Return from the escape.
!cmd Run the command with the network connection as its standard
input and standard output. Standard error will go to the
screen. This is useful for transmitting and receiving files
over the connections using programs such as xms.
r Toggle printing of carriage returns.
Telnet is similar to con, but uses the telnet protocol to communicate
with the remote machine. It shares con's -C, -d, -n, and -r options.
Rx executes one shell command on the remote machine as if logged in
there, but with local standard input and output. A rudimentary shell
environment is provided. If the target is a Plan 9 machine, $service
there will be rx. Options are:
-e a zero length message will not be written to the connection when
standard input is closed.
-l runs as user on the remote machine if the remote is a BSD
-r same as for con-T same as for con
Network addresses for both con and rx have the form network!machine.
Supported networks are those listed in /net.
Hayes dials number on a Hayes-compatible modem, device. Under -p, it
uses pulse dialing. Upon connecting, bytes are copied bidirectionally
between the connection and standard input and output.
The commands xms and xmr respectively send and receive a single file
using the XMODEM protocol. They use standard input and standard output
for communication and are intended for use with con. The -1 option to
xms causes it to use kilobyte packet size of 1024 bytes. The -p option
causes it to print a progress message every ten kilobytes.
rx kremvax cat file1 >file2
Copy remote file1 to local file2.
rx kremvax cat file1 '>file2'
Copy remote file1 to remote file2.
eqn paper | rx kremvax troff -ms | rx deepthought lp
Parallel processing: do each stage of a pipeline on a different
for all other commands
SEE ALSOcpu(1), ssh(1), telco(4)BUGS
Con and telnet are merely obsolescent; the other commands are obsolete
Under rx, a program that should behave specially towards terminals may
not: e.g., remote shells will not prompt. Also under rx, the remote
standard error and standard output are combined and go inseparably to
the local standard output. Rx will consume its standard input by copy‐
ing it to the remote system, so redirect it from /dev/null if that's
not what you want.