cpuid man page on Archlinux

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CPUID(4)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      CPUID(4)

       cpuid - x86 CPUID access device

       CPUID provides an interface for querying information about the x86 CPU.

       This  device  is	 accessed  by  lseek(2) or pread(2) to the appropriate
       CPUID level and reading in chunks of 16	bytes.	 A  larger  read  size
       means multiple reads of consecutive levels.

       The  lower  32  bits of the file position is used as the incoming %eax,
       and the upper 32 bits of the file position as the  incoming  %ecx,  the
       latter intended for "counting" eax levels like eax=4.

       This  driver uses /dev/cpu/CPUNUM/cpuid, where CPUNUM is the minor num‐
       ber, and on an SMP box will direct the access to CPU CPUNUM  as	listed
       in /proc/cpuinfo.

       This file is protected so that it can be read only by the user root, or
       members of the group root.

       The CPUID instruction can be  directly  executed	 by  a	program	 using
       inline  assembler.  However this device allows convenient access to all
       CPUs without changing process affinity.

       Most of the information in cpuid is reported by the  kernel  in	cooked
       form   either   in   /proc/cpuinfo   or	 through   subdirectories   in
       /sys/devices/system/cpu.	  Direct  CPUID	 access	 through  this	device
       should only be used in exceptional cases.

       The cpuid driver is not auto-loaded.  On modular kernels you might need
       to use the following command to load it explicitly before use:

	    $ modprobe cpuid

       There is no support for CPUID functions that require  additional	 input

       Very old x86 CPUs don't support CPUID.

       Intel  Corporation,  Intel  64  and IA-32 Architectures Software Devel‐
       oper's Manual Volume 2A: Instruction Set Reference,  A-M,  3-180	 CPUID

       Intel   Corporation,  Intel  Processor  Identification  and  the	 CPUID
       Instruction, Application note 485.

       This page is part of release 3.65 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2009-03-31			      CPUID(4)

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