CREATE DATABASE() SQL Commands CREATE DATABASE()NAME
CREATE DATABASE - create a new database
CREATE DATABASE name
[ [ WITH ] [ OWNER [=] dbowner ]
[ TEMPLATE [=] template ]
[ ENCODING [=] encoding ]
[ TABLESPACE [=] tablespace ]
[ CONNECTION LIMIT [=] connlimit ] ]
CREATE DATABASE creates a new PostgreSQL database.
To create a database, you must be a superuser or have the special CRE‐
ATEDB privilege. See CREATE USER [create_user(5)].
Normally, the creator becomes the owner of the new database. Supe‐
rusers can create databases owned by other users, by using the OWNER
clause. They can even create databases owned by users with no special
privileges. Non-superusers with CREATEDB privilege can only create
databases owned by themselves.
By default, the new database will be created by cloning the standard
system database template1. A different template can be specified by
writing TEMPLATE name. In particular, by writing TEMPLATE template0,
you can create a virgin database containing only the standard objects
predefined by your version of PostgreSQL. This is useful if you wish to
avoid copying any installation-local objects that may have been added
name The name of a database to create.
The name of the database user who will own the new database, or
DEFAULT to use the default (namely, the user executing the com‐
The name of the template from which to create the new database,
or DEFAULT to use the default template (template1).
Character set encoding to use in the new database. Specify a
string constant (e.g., 'SQL_ASCII'), or an integer encoding num‐
ber, or DEFAULT to use the default encoding (namely, the encod‐
ing of the template database). The character sets supported by
the PostgreSQL server are described in in the documentation.
The name of the tablespace that will be associated with the new
database, or DEFAULT to use the template database's tablespace.
This tablespace will be the default tablespace used for objects
created in this database. See CREATE TABLESPACE [cre‐
ate_tablespace(5)] for more information.
How many concurrent connections can be made to this database. -1
(the default) means no limit.
Optional parameters can be written in any order, not only the order
CREATE DATABASE cannot be executed inside a transaction block.
Errors along the line of ``could not initialize database directory''
are most likely related to insufficient permissions on the data direc‐
tory, a full disk, or other file system problems.
Use DROP DATABASE [drop_database(5)] to remove a database.
The program createdb [createdb(1)] is a wrapper program around this
command, provided for convenience.
Although it is possible to copy a database other than template1 by
specifying its name as the template, this is not (yet) intended as a
general-purpose ``COPY DATABASE'' facility. The principal limitation
is that no other sessions can be connected to the template database
while it is being copied. CREATE DATABASE will fail if any other con‐
nection exists when it starts; otherwise, new connections to the tem‐
plate database are locked out until CREATE DATABASE completes. See in
the documentation for more information.
The CONNECTION LIMIT option is only enforced approximately; if two new
sessions start at about the same time when just one connection ``slot''
remains for the database, it is possible that both will fail. Also, the
limit is not enforced against superusers.
To create a new database:
CREATE DATABASE lusiadas;
To create a database sales owned by user salesapp with a default
tablespace of salesspace:
CREATE DATABASE sales OWNER salesapp TABLESPACE salesspace;
To create a database music which supports the ISO-8859-1 character set:
CREATE DATABASE music ENCODING 'LATIN1';
There is no CREATE DATABASE statement in the SQL standard. Databases
are equivalent to catalogs, whose creation is implementation-defined.
ALTER DATABASE [alter_database(5)], DROP DATABASE [drop_database(l)]
SQL - Language Statements 2008-01-03 CREATE DATABASE()