DGST(1) OpenSSL DGST(1)NAME
dgst, md5, md4, md2, sha1, sha, mdc2, ripemd160 - message digests
openssl dgst [-md5⎪-md4⎪-md2⎪-sha1⎪-sha⎪-mdc2⎪-ripemd160⎪-dss1] [-c]
[-d] [-hex] [-binary] [-out filename] [-sign filename] [-keyform arg]
[-passin arg] [-verify filename] [-prverify filename] [-signature file‐
name] [-hmac key] [file...]
[md5⎪md4⎪md2⎪sha1⎪sha⎪mdc2⎪ripemd160] [-c] [-d] [file...]
The digest functions output the message digest of a supplied file or
files in hexadecimal form. They can also be used for digital signing
OPTIONS-c print out the digest in two digit groups separated by colons, only
relevant if hex format output is used.
-d print out BIO debugging information.
digest is to be output as a hex dump. This is the default case for
a "normal" digest as opposed to a digital signature.
output the digest or signature in binary form.
filename to output to, or standard output by default.
digitally sign the digest using the private key in "filename".
Specifies the key format to sign digest with. Only PEM and ENGINE
formats are supported by the dgst command.
Use engine id for operations (including private key storage). This
engine is not used as source for digest algorithms, unless it is
also specified in the configuration file.
Pass options to the signature algorithm during sign or verify oper‐
ations. Names and values of these options are algorithm-specific.
the private key password source. For more information about the
format of arg see the PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).
verify the signature using the the public key in "filename". The
output is either "Verification OK" or "Verification Failure".
verify the signature using the the private key in "filename".
the actual signature to verify.
create a hashed MAC using "key".
create MAC (keyed Message Authentication Code). The most popular
MAC algorithm is HMAC (hash-based MAC), but there are other MAC
algorithms which are not based on hash, for instance gost-mac algo‐
rithm, supported by ccgost engine. MAC keys and other options
should be set via -macopt parameter.
Passes options to MAC algorithm, specified by -mac key. Following
options are supported by both by HMAC and gost-mac:
Specifies MAC key as alphnumeric string (use if key contain
printable characters only). String length must conform to
any restrictions of the MAC algorithm for example exactly
32 chars for gost-mac.
Specifies MAC key in hexadecimal form (two hex digits per
byte). Key length must conform to any restrictions of the
MAC algorithm for example exactly 32 chars for gost-mac.
a file or files containing random data used to seed the random num‐
ber generator, or an EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)). Multiple files
can be specified separated by a OS-dependent character. The sepa‐
rator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all others.
file or files to digest. If no files are specified then standard
input is used.
The digest of choice for all new applications is SHA1. Other digests
are however still widely used.
If you wish to sign or verify data using the DSA algorithm then the
dss1 digest must be used.
A source of random numbers is required for certain signing algorithms,
in particular DSA.
The signing and verify options should only be used if a single file is
being signed or verified.
1.0.0h 2009-04-10 DGST(1)