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dirent.h(0P)		   POSIX Programmer's Manual		  dirent.h(0P)

       This  manual  page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the	 corresponding
       Linux  manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.

       dirent.h — format of directory entries

       #include <dirent.h>

       The internal format of directories is unspecified.

       The <dirent.h> header shall define the following type:

       DIR     A type representing a directory stream. The DIR type may be  an
	       incomplete type.

       It  shall also define the structure dirent which shall include the fol‐
       lowing members:

	   ino_t  d_ino	      File serial number.
	   char	  d_name[]    Filename string of entry.

       The <dirent.h> header shall define  the	ino_t  type  as	 described  in

       The  array  d_name is of unspecified size, but shall contain a filename
       of at most {NAME_MAX} bytes followed by a terminating null byte.

       The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined as
       macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

	   int		  alphasort(const struct dirent **, const struct dirent **);
	   int		  closedir(DIR *);
	   int		  dirfd(DIR *);
	   DIR		 *fdopendir(int);
	   DIR		 *opendir(const char *);
	   struct dirent *readdir(DIR *);
	   int		  readdir_r(DIR *restrict, struct dirent *restrict,
			      struct dirent **restrict);
	   void		  rewinddir(DIR *);
	   int		  scandir(const char *, struct dirent ***,
			      int (*)(const struct dirent *),
			      int (*)(const struct dirent **,
			      const struct dirent **));
	   void		  seekdir(DIR *, long);
	   long		  telldir(DIR *);

       The following sections are informative.


       Information  similar to that in the <dirent.h> header is contained in a
       file <sys/dir.h> in 4.2 BSD and 4.3 BSD. The equivalent in these imple‐
       mentations  of struct dirent from this volume of POSIX.1‐2008 is struct
       direct.	The filename was changed because the name <sys/dir.h> was also
       used  in earlier implementations to refer to definitions related to the
       older access method; this produced name	conflicts.  The	 name  of  the
       structure was changed because this volume of POSIX.1‐2008 does not com‐
       pletely define what is in the structure, so it could  be	 different  on
       some implementations from struct direct.

       The  name of an array of char of an unspecified size should not be used
       as an lvalue. Use of:


       is incorrect; use:



       The array of char d_name is not a fixed size. Implementations may  need
       to  declare  struct  dirent with an array size for d_name of 1, but the
       actual number of bytes provided matches (or only slightly exceeds)  the
       length of the filename string.



       The  System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, alphasort(), closedir(),
       dirfd(), fdopendir(), readdir(), rewinddir(), seekdir(), telldir()

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in  electronic  form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX),	The  Open  Group  Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
       cal and Electronics Engineers,  Inc  and	 The  Open  Group.   (This  is
       POSIX.1-2008  with  the	2013  Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
       The  Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
       is the referee document. The original Standard can be  obtained	online
       at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

       Any  typographical  or  formatting  errors that appear in this page are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
       files  to  man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.ker‐
       nel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

IEEE/The Open Group		     2013			  dirent.h(0P)

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