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DMESG(1)			 User Commands			      DMESG(1)

       dmesg - print or control the kernel ring buffer

       dmesg [options]

       dmesg --clear

       dmesg --read-clear [options]

       dmesg --console-level level

       dmesg --console-on

       dmesg --console-off

       dmesg is used to examine or control the kernel ring buffer.

       The default action is to read all messages from kernel ring buffer.

       The  --clear,  --read-clear, --console-on, --console-off and --console-
       level options are mutually exclusive.

       -C, --clear
	      Clear the ring buffer.

       -c, --read-clear
	      Clear the ring buffer contents after printing.

       -D, --console-off
	      Disable printing messages to the console.

       -d, --show-delta
	      Display the timestamp and time delta spent between messages.  If
	      used together with --notime then only the time delta without the
	      timestamp is printed.

       -E, --console-on
	      Enable printing messages to the console.

       -f, --facility list
	      Restrict output to defined (comma separated) list of facilities.
	      For example

		dmesg --facility=daemon

	      will  print messages from system daemons only. For all supported
	      facilities see dmesg --help output.

       -h, --help
	      Print a help text and exit.

       -k, --kernel
	      Print kernel messages.

       -l, --level list
	      Restrict output to defined (comma separated) list of levels. For

		dmesg --level=err,warn

	      will  print  error  and warning messages only. For all supported
	      levels see dmesg --help output.

       -n, --console-level level
	      Set the level at which logging of messages is done to  the  con‐
	      sole.  The  level is a level number or abbreviation of the level
	      name. For all supported levels see dmesg --help output.

	      For example, -n 1 or -n  alert  prevents	all  messages,	except
	      emergency	 (panic) messages, from appearing on the console.  All
	      levels of messages are still  written  to	 /proc/kmsg,  so  sys‐
	      logd(8)  can  still be used to control exactly where kernel mes‐
	      sages appear.  When the -n option is used, dmesg will not	 print
	      or clear the kernel ring buffer.

       -r, --raw
	      Print  the  raw  message buffer, i.e., don't strip the log level

       -s, --buffer-size size
	      Use a buffer of size to query the kernel ring buffer.   This  is
	      16392  by	 default.   (The default kernel syslog buffer size was
	      4096 at first, 8192 since 1.3.54, 16384 since 2.1.113.)  If  you
	      have  set	 the  kernel buffer to be larger than the default then
	      this option can be used to view the entire buffer.

       -T, --ctime
	      Print human readable timestamps. The timestamp could be  inaccu‐

	      The  time	 source	 used for the logs is not updated after system

       -t, --notime
	      Don't print kernel's timestampts.

       -u, --userspace
	      Print userspace messages.

       -V, --version
	      Output version information and exit.

       -x, --decode
	      Decode facility and level (priority) number  to  human  readable


       Karel Zak <>
       Theodore Ts'o <>

       The  dmesg  command  is part of the util-linux package and is available

util-linux			   July 2011			      DMESG(1)

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