dup man page on Archlinux

Man page or keyword search:  
man Server   11224 pages
apropos Keyword Search (all sections)
Output format
Archlinux logo
[printable version]

DUP(3P)			   POSIX Programmer's Manual		       DUP(3P)

       This  manual  page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the	 corresponding
       Linux  manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.

       dup, dup2 — duplicate an open file descriptor

       #include <unistd.h>

       int dup(int fildes);
       int dup2(int fildes, int fildes2);

       The dup() function provides an alternative  interface  to  the  service
       provided	 by  fcntl()  using  the F_DUPFD command. The call dup(fildes)
       shall be equivalent to:

	   fcntl(fildes, F_DUPFD, 0);

       The dup2() function shall cause the file descriptor fildes2 to refer to
       the  same  open	file  description as the file descriptor fildes and to
       share any locks, and shall return fildes2.  If  fildes2	is  already  a
       valid  open file descriptor, it shall be closed first, unless fildes is
       equal to fildes2 in which case  dup2()  shall  return  fildes2  without
       closing it. If the close operation fails to close fildes2, dup2() shall
       return −1 without changing the open file description to	which  fildes2
       refers.	If  fildes is not a valid file descriptor, dup2() shall return
       −1 and shall not close fildes2.	If fildes2 is less than 0  or  greater
       than  or	 equal to {OPEN_MAX}, dup2() shall return −1 with errno set to

       Upon successful completion, if fildes is	 not  equal  to	 fildes2,  the
       FD_CLOEXEC  flag associated with fildes2 shall be cleared. If fildes is
       equal to fildes2, the FD_CLOEXEC flag associated with fildes2 shall not
       be changed.

       If  fildes  refers  to  a typed memory object, the result of the dup2()
       function is unspecified.

       Upon successful completion a  non-negative  integer,  namely  the  file
       descriptor,  shall  be  returned;  otherwise,  −1 shall be returned and
       errno set to indicate the error.

       The dup() function shall fail if:

       EBADF  The fildes argument is not a valid open file descriptor.

       EMFILE All file descriptors available  to  the  process	are  currently

       The dup2() function shall fail if:

       EBADF  The  fildes  argument is not a valid open file descriptor or the
	      argument fildes2	is  negative  or  greater  than	 or  equal  to

       EINTR  The dup2() function was interrupted by a signal.

       The dup2() function may fail if:

       EIO    An I/O error occurred while attempting to close fildes2.

       The following sections are informative.

   Redirecting Standard Output to a File S
       The following example closes standard output for the current processes,
       re-assigns standard output to go to the file  referenced	 by  pfd,  and
       closes the original file descriptor to clean up.

	   #include <unistd.h>
	   int pfd;

   Redirecting Error Messages
       The following example redirects messages from stderr to stdout.

	   #include <unistd.h>
	   dup2(1, 2);

       Implementations	may  use  file descriptors that must be inherited into
       child processes for the child process to remain conforming, such as for
       message	catalog	 or  tracing  purposes. Therefore, an application that
       calls dup2() with an arbitrary integer for fildes2 risks non-conforming
       behavior,  and  dup2()  can  only  portably  be	used to overwrite file
       descriptor values that the application has  obtained  through  explicit
       actions,	 or  for the three file descriptors corresponding to the stan‐
       dard file streams. In order to avoid a race  condition  of  leaking  an
       unintended  file descriptor into a child process, an application should
       consider opening all file  descriptors  with  the  FD_CLOEXEC  bit  set
       unless the file descriptor is intended to be inherited across exec.

       The  dup() function is redundant. Its services are also provided by the
       fcntl() function. It has been included in this volume  of  POSIX.1‐2008
       primarily  for historical reasons, since many existing applications use
       it. On the other hand, the dup2() function provides unique services, as
       no  other  interface  is	 able  to  atomically replace an existing file

       The dup2() function is not marked obsolescent  because  it  presents  a
       type-safe version of functionality provided in a type-unsafe version by
       fcntl().	 It is used in the POSIX Ada binding.

       The dup2() function is not intended for use in critical	regions	 as  a
       synchronization mechanism.

       In the description of [EBADF], the case of fildes being out of range is
       covered by the given case of fildes not being valid.  The  descriptions
       for  fildes and fildes2 are different because the only kind of invalid‐
       ity that is relevant for fildes2 is whether it is out  of  range;  that
       is,  it does not matter whether fildes2 refers to an open file when the
       dup2() call is made.


       close(), fcntl(), open()

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <unistd.h>

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in  electronic  form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX),	The  Open  Group  Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
       cal and Electronics Engineers,  Inc  and	 The  Open  Group.   (This  is
       POSIX.1-2008  with  the	2013  Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
       The  Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard
       is the referee document. The original Standard can be  obtained	online
       at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

       Any  typographical  or  formatting  errors that appear in this page are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
       files  to  man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.ker‐
       nel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

IEEE/The Open Group		     2013			       DUP(3P)

List of man pages available for Archlinux

Copyright (c) for man pages and the logo by the respective OS vendor.

For those who want to learn more, the polarhome community provides shell access and support.

[legal] [privacy] [GNU] [policy] [cookies] [netiquette] [sponsors] [FAQ]
Polarhome, production since 1999.
Member of Polarhome portal.
Based on Fawad Halim's script.
Vote for polarhome
Free Shell Accounts :: the biggest list on the net