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FSCK_HFS(8)		  BSD System Manager's Manual		   FSCK_HFS(8)

NAME
     fsck_hfs — HFS file system consistency check

SYNOPSIS
     fsck_hfs -q [-df] special ...
     fsck_hfs -p [-df] special ...
     fsck_hfs [-n | -y | -r] [-dfg] [-m mode] special ...

DESCRIPTION
     The fsck_hfs utility verifies and repairs standard HFS and HFS+ file sys‐
     tems.

     The first form of fsck_hfs quickly checks the specified file systems to
     determine whether they were cleanly unmounted.

     The second form of fsck_hfs preens the specified file systems.  It is
     normally started by fsck(8) run from /etc/rc.boot during automatic
     reboot, when a HFS file system is detected.  When preening file systems,
     fsck_hfs will fix common inconsistencies for file systems that were not
     unmounted cleanly.	 If more serious problems are found, fsck_hfs does not
     try to fix them, indicates that it was not successful, and exits.

     The third form of fsck_hfs checks the specified file systems and tries to
     repair all detected inconsistencies.

     If no options are specified fsck_hfs will always check and attempt to fix
     the specified file systems.

     The options are as follows:

	   -d	   Display debugging information.  This option may provide
		   useful information when fsck_hfs cannot repair a damaged
		   file system.

	   -f	   When used with the -p option, force fsck_hfs to check
		   `clean' file systems, otherwise it means force fsck_hfs to
		   check and repair journaled HFS+ file systems.

	   -g	   Causes fsck_hfs to generate it's output strings in GUI for‐
		   mat.	 This option is used when another application with a
		   graphical user interface (like Mac OS X Disk Utility) is
		   envoking the fsck_hfs tool.

	   -m mode Mode is an octal number that will be used to set the per‐
		   missions for the lost+found directory when it is created.
		   The lost+found directory is only created when a volume is
		   repaired and orphaned files or directories are detected.
		   fsck_hfs places orphaned files and directories into the
		   lost+found directory (located at the root of the volume).
		   The default mode is 01777.

	   -p	   Preen the specified file systems.

	   -q	   Causes fsck_hfs to quickly check whether the volume was
		   unmounted cleanly.  If the volume was unmounted cleanly,
		   then the exit status is 0.  If the volume was not unmounted
		   cleanly, then the exit status will be non-zero.  In either
		   case, a message is printed to standard output describing
		   whether the volume was clean or dirty.

	   -y	   Always attempt to repair any damage that is found.

	   -n	   Never attempt to repair any damage that is found.

	   -r	   Rebuild the catalog file on the specified file system.
		   This option currently will only work if there is enough
		   contiguous space on the specified file system for a new
		   catalog file and if there is no damage to the leaf nodes in
		   the existing catalog file.

     Because of inconsistencies between the block device and the buffer cache,
     the raw device should always be used.

SEE ALSO
     fsck(8)

BUGS
     fsck_hfs is not able to fix some inconsistencies that it detects.

HISTORY
     The fsck_hfs command appeared in Mac OS X Server 1.0 .

Mac OS X		       November 21, 2002		      Mac OS X
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