FSTRIM(8) System Administration FSTRIM(8)NAMEfstrim - discard unused blocks on a mounted filesystem
SYNOPSISfstrim [-a] [-o offset] [-l length] [-m minimum-free-extent] [-v]
DESCRIPTIONfstrim is used on a mounted filesystem to discard (or "trim") blocks
which are not in use by the filesystem. This is useful for solid-state
drives (SSDs) and thinly-provisioned storage.
By default, fstrim will discard all unused blocks in the filesystem.
Options may be used to modify this behavior based on range or size, as
The mountpoint argument is the pathname of the directory where the
filesystem is mounted.
The offset, length, and minimum-free-extent arguments may be followed
by the multiplicative suffixes KiB=1024, MiB=1024*1024, and so on for
GiB, TiB, PiB, EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g. "K" has the
same meaning as "KiB") or the suffixes KB=1000, MB=1000*1000, and so on
for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.
Trim all mounted filesystems on devices that support the discard
operation. The other supplied options, like --offset, --length
and --minimum, are applied to all these devices. Errors from
filesystems that do not support the discard operation are
Display help text and exit.
-o, --offset offset
Byte offset in filesystem from which to begin searching for free
blocks to discard. Default value is zero, starting at the
beginning of the filesystem.
-l, --length length
Number of bytes after starting point to search for free blocks
to discard. If the specified value extends past the end of the
filesystem, fstrim will stop at the filesystem size boundary.
Default value extends to the end of the filesystem.
-m, --minimum minimum-free-extent
Minimum contiguous free range to discard, in bytes. (This value
is internally rounded up to a multiple of the filesystem block
size). Free ranges smaller than this will be ignored. By
increasing this value, the fstrim operation will complete more
quickly for filesystems with badly fragmented freespace,
although not all blocks will be discarded. Default value is
zero, discard every free block.
Verbose execution. When specified fstrim will output the number
of bytes passed from the filesystem down the block stack to the
device for potential discard. This number is a maximum discard
amount from the storage device's perspective, because FITRIM
ioctl called repeated will keep sending the same sectors for
fstrim will report the same potential discard bytes each time,
but only sectors which had been written to between the discards
would actually be discarded by the storage device. Further, the
kernel block layer reserves the right to adjust the discard
ranges to fit raid stripe geometry, non-trim capable devices in
a LVM setup, etc. These reductions would not be reflected in
fstrim_range.len (the --length option).
32 all failed
64 some filesystem discards have succeeded, some failed
The command fstrim--all returns 0 (all success), 32 (all failed) or 64
(some failed, some success).
Lukas Czerner <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Karel Zak <email@example.com>
The fstrim command is part of the util-linux package and is available
util-linux November 2010 FSTRIM(8)