getent man page on FreeBSD

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GETENT(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		     GETENT(1)

     getent — get entries from administrative database

     getent database [key ...]

     The getent utility retrieves and displays entries from the administrative
     database specified by database, using the lookup order specified in
     nsswitch.conf(5).	The display format for a given database is as per the
     “traditional” file format for that database.

     The database argument may be one of:

	   Database    Display format
	   ethers      address name
	   group       group:passwd:gid:[member[,member]...]
	   hosts       address name [alias ...]
	   networks    name network [alias ...]
	   passwd      user:passwd:uid:gid:gecos:home_dir:shell
	   protocols   name protocol [alias ...]
	   rpc	       name number [alias ...]
	   services    name port/protocol [alias ...]
	   shells      /path/to/shell

     If one or more key arguments are provided, they will be looked up in
     database using the appropriate function.  For example, “passwd” supports
     a numeric UID or user name; “hosts” supports an IPv4 address, IPv6
     address, or host name; and “services” supports a service name, service
     name/protocol name, numeric port, or numeric port/protocol name.

     If no key is provided and database supports enumeration, all entries for
     database will be retrieved using the appropriate enumeration function and

     The getent utility exits 0 on success, 1 if there was an error in the
     command syntax, 2 if one of the specified key names was not found in
     database, or 3 if there is no support for enumeration on database.

     ethers(5), group(5), hosts(5), networks(5), nsswitch.conf(5), passwd(5),
     protocols(5), rpc(5), services(5), shells(5)

     A getent command appeared in NetBSD 3.0, and was imported into
     FreeBSD 7.0.  It was based on the command of the same name in Solaris and

BSD				August 24, 2005				   BSD

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