getenv man page on ElementaryOS

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GETENV(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     GETENV(3)

       getenv, secure_getenv - get an environment variable

       #include <stdlib.h>

       char *getenv(const char *name);

       char *secure_getenv(const char *name);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       secure_getenv(): _GNU_SOURCE

       The  getenv()  function searches the environment list to find the envi‐
       ronment variable name, and returns a pointer to the corresponding value

       The  GNU-specific secure_getenv() function is just like getenv() except
       that it returns NULL in cases where  "secure  execution"	 is  required.
       Secure  execution  is  required	if one of the following conditions was
       true when the program run by the calling process was loaded:

       *  the process's effective user ID did not match its real  user	ID  or
	  the  process's  effective  group  ID did not match its real group ID
	  (typically this is the result of executing  a	 set-user-ID  or  set-
	  group-ID program);

       *  the effective capability bit was set on the executable file; or

       *  the process has a nonempty permitted capability set.

       Secure  execution may also required if triggered by some Linux security

       The secure_getenv() function is intended	 for  use  in  general-purpose
       libraries  to  avoid vulnerabilities that could occur if set-user-ID or
       set-group-ID programs accidentally trusted the environment.

       The getenv() function returns a pointer to the value  in	 the  environ‐
       ment, or NULL if there is no match.

       secure_getenv() first appeared in glibc 2.17.

       getenv(): SVr4, POSIX.1-2001, 4.3BSD, C89, C99.

       secure_getenv() is a GNU extension.

       The strings in the environment list are of the form name=value.

       As typically implemented, getenv() returns a pointer to a string within
       the environment list.  The caller must take care	 not  to  modify  this
       string, since that would change the environment of the process.

       The  implementation  of	getenv() is not required to be reentrant.  The
       string pointed to by the return value of	 getenv()  may	be  statically
       allocated,  and	can  be	 modified  by  a  subsequent call to getenv(),
       putenv(3), setenv(3), or unsetenv(3).

       The "secure execution" mode of secure_getenv()  is  controlled  by  the
       AT_SECURE flag contained in the auxiliary vector passed from the kernel
       to user space.

       clearenv(3), getauxval(3), putenv(3), setenv(3), unsetenv(3), capabili‐
       ties(7), environ(7)

       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at

GNU				  2012-08-14			     GETENV(3)

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