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GETGROUPS(3P)		   POSIX Programmer's Manual		 GETGROUPS(3P)

       This  manual  page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the	 corresponding
       Linux  manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may
       not be implemented on Linux.

       getgroups — get supplementary group IDs

       #include <unistd.h>

       int getgroups(int gidsetsize, gid_t grouplist[]);

       The getgroups() function shall fill in the  array  grouplist  with  the
       current supplementary group IDs of the calling process. It is implemen‐
       tation-defined whether getgroups() also returns the effective group  ID
       in the grouplist array.

       The  gidsetsize	argument specifies the number of elements in the array
       grouplist.  The actual number of group IDs stored in the array shall be
       returned.   The	values	of  array entries with indices greater than or
       equal to the value returned are undefined.

       If gidsetsize is 0, getgroups() shall return the number	of  group  IDs
       that  it	 would otherwise return without modifying the array pointed to
       by grouplist.

       If the effective group ID of the process is returned with  the  supple‐
       mentary	group  IDs, the value returned shall always be greater than or
       equal to one and less than or equal to the value of {NGROUPS_MAX}+1.

       Upon successful completion, the number of supplementary group IDs shall
       be  returned. A return value of −1 indicates failure and errno shall be
       set to indicate the error.

       The getgroups() function shall fail if:

       EINVAL The gidsetsize argument is non-zero and less than the number  of
	      group IDs that would have been returned.

       The following sections are informative.

   Getting the Supplementary Group IDs of the Calling Process
       The following example places the current supplementary group IDs of the
       calling process into the group array.

	   #include <sys/types.h>
	   #include <unistd.h>
	   gid_t *group;
	   int nogroups;
	   long ngroups_max;

	   ngroups_max = sysconf(_SC_NGROUPS_MAX) + 1;
	   group = (gid_t *)malloc(ngroups_max *sizeof(gid_t));

	   ngroups = getgroups(ngroups_max, group);


       The related function setgroups() is a privileged operation  and	there‐
       fore is not covered by this volume of POSIX.1‐2008.

       As  implied  by	the  definition of supplementary groups, the effective
       group ID may appear in the array returned by getgroups() or it  may  be
       returned only by getegid().  Duplication may exist, but the application
       needs to call getegid() to be sure of getting all of  the  information.
       Various	implementation	variations  and administrative sequences cause
       the set of groups appearing in the result of  getgroups()  to  vary  in
       order  and  as to whether the effective group ID is included, even when
       the set of groups is the same (in the mathematical sense	 of  ``set'').
       (The  history  of a process and its parents could affect the details of
       the result.)

       Application developers should note that {NGROUPS_MAX} is not  necessar‐
       ily a constant on all implementations.


       getegid(), setgid()

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <sys_types.h>, <unistd.h>

       Portions	 of  this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology
       --  Portable  Operating	System	Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base
       Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electri‐
       cal  and	 Electronics  Engineers,  Inc  and  The	 Open Group.  (This is
       POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum	 1  applied.)  In  the
       event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and
       The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group  Standard
       is  the	referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online
       at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear  in  this  page  are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source
       files to man page format. To report such errors,	 see  https://www.ker‐ .

IEEE/The Open Group		     2013			 GETGROUPS(3P)

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