GETHOSTID(3) Linux Programmer's Manual GETHOSTID(3)NAME
gethostid, sethostid - get or set the unique identifier of the current
int sethostid(long hostid);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
_BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
_BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)
DESCRIPTIONgethostid() and sethostid() respectively get or set a unique 32-bit
identifier for the current machine. The 32-bit identifier is intended
to be unique among all UNIX systems in existence. This normally resem‐
bles the Internet address for the local machine, as returned by geth‐
ostbyname(3), and thus usually never needs to be set.
The sethostid() call is restricted to the superuser.
RETURN VALUEgethostid() returns the 32-bit identifier for the current host as set
On success, sethostid() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and errno
is set to indicate the error.
ERRORSsethostid() can fail with the following errors:
EACCES The caller did not have permission to write to the file used to
store the host ID.
EPERM The calling process's effective user or group ID is not the same
as its corresponding real ID.
4.2BSD; these functions were dropped in 4.4BSD. SVr4 includes geth‐
ostid() but not sethostid(). POSIX.1-2001 specifies gethostid() but
In the glibc implementation, the hostid is stored in the file
/etc/hostid. (In glibc versions before 2.2, the file /var/adm/hostid
In the glibc implementation, if gethostid() cannot open the file con‐
taining the host ID, then it obtains the hostname using gethostname(2),
passes that hostname to gethostbyname_r(3) in order to obtain the
host's IPv4 address, and returns a value obtained by bit-twiddling the
IPv4 address. (This value may not be unique.)
It is impossible to ensure that the identifier is globally unique.
SEE ALSOhostid(1), gethostbyname(3)COLOPHON
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Linux 2010-09-20 GETHOSTID(3)