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GFDL(7)				      GNU			       GFDL(7)

       gfdl - GNU Free Documentation License

       GNU Free Documentation License

       Version 1.2, November 2002

	       Copyright (c) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
	       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301, USA

	       Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
	       of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.

       0.  PREAMBLE

	   The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
	   functional and useful document free in the sense of freedom: to
	   assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it,
	   with or without modifying it, either commercially or noncommer‐
	   cially.  Secondarily, this License preserves for the author and
	   publisher a way to get credit for their work, while not being con‐
	   sidered responsible for modifications made by others.

	   This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
	   works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense.
	   It complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
	   license designed for free software.

	   We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for
	   free software, because free software needs free documentation: a
	   free program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms
	   that the software does.  But this License is not limited to soft‐
	   ware manuals; it can be used for any textual work, regardless of
	   subject matter or whether it is published as a printed book.	 We
	   recommend this License principally for works whose purpose is
	   instruction or reference.


	   This License applies to any manual or other work, in any medium,
	   that contains a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can
	   be distributed under the terms of this License.  Such a notice
	   grants a world-wide, royalty-free license, unlimited in duration,
	   to use that work under the conditions stated herein.	 The "Docu‐
	   ment", below, refers to any such manual or work.  Any member of the
	   public is a licensee, and is addressed as "you".  You accept the
	   license if you copy, modify or distribute the work in a way requir‐
	   ing permission under copyright law.

	   A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
	   Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with modi‐
	   fications and/or translated into another language.

	   A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section
	   of the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
	   publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall
	   subject (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could
	   fall directly within that overall subject.  (Thus, if the Document
	   is in part a textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not
	   explain any mathematics.)  The relationship could be a matter of
	   historical connection with the subject or with related matters, or
	   of legal, commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position
	   regarding them.

	   The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose
	   titles are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the
	   notice that says that the Document is released under this License.
	   If a section does not fit the above definition of Secondary then it
	   is not allowed to be designated as Invariant.  The Document may
	   contain zero Invariant Sections.  If the Document does not identify
	   any Invariant Sections then there are none.

	   The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are
	   listed, as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice
	   that says that the Document is released under this License.	A
	   Front-Cover Text may be at most 5 words, and a Back-Cover Text may
	   be at most 25 words.

	   A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
	   represented in a format whose specification is available to the
	   general public, that is suitable for revising the document
	   straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed
	   of pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely
	   available drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text
	   formatters or for automatic translation to a variety of formats
	   suitable for input to text formatters.  A copy made in an otherwise
	   Transparent file format whose markup, or absence of markup, has
	   been arranged to thwart or discourage subsequent modification by
	   readers is not Transparent.	An image format is not Transparent if
	   used for any substantial amount of text.  A copy that is not
	   "Transparent" is called "Opaque".

	   Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
	   ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format,
	   @acronym{SGML} or @acronym{XML} using a publicly available @acro‐
	   nym{DTD}, and standard-conforming simple @acronym{HTML}, PostScript
	   or @acronym{PDF} designed for human modification.  Examples of
	   transparent image formats include @acronym{PNG}, @acronym{XCF} and
	   @acronym{JPG}.  Opaque formats include proprietary formats that can
	   be read and edited only by proprietary word processors, @acro‐
	   nym{SGML} or @acronym{XML} for which the @acronym{DTD} and/or pro‐
	   cessing tools are not generally available, and the machine-gener‐
	   ated @acronym{HTML}, PostScript or @acronym{PDF} produced by some
	   word processors for output purposes only.

	   The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
	   plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the mate‐
	   rial this License requires to appear in the title page.  For works
	   in formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title Page"
	   means the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's
	   title, preceding the beginning of the body of the text.

	   A section "Entitled XYZ" means a named subunit of the Document
	   whose title either is precisely XYZ or contains XYZ in parentheses
	   following text that translates XYZ in another language.  (Here XYZ
	   stands for a specific section name mentioned below, such as
	   "Acknowledgements", "Dedications", "Endorsements", or "History".)
	   To "Preserve the Title" of such a section when you modify the Docu‐
	   ment means that it remains a section "Entitled XYZ" according to
	   this definition.

	   The Document may include Warranty Disclaimers next to the notice
	   which states that this License applies to the Document.  These War‐
	   ranty Disclaimers are considered to be included by reference in
	   this License, but only as regards disclaiming warranties: any other
	   implication that these Warranty Disclaimers may have is void and
	   has no effect on the meaning of this License.


	   You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either com‐
	   mercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the copy‐
	   right notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
	   to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no
	   other conditions whatsoever to those of this License.  You may not
	   use technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or fur‐
	   ther copying of the copies you make or distribute.  However, you
	   may accept compensation in exchange for copies.  If you distribute
	   a large enough number of copies you must also follow the conditions
	   in section 3.

	   You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above,
	   and you may publicly display copies.


	   If you publish printed copies (or copies in media that commonly
	   have printed covers) of the Document, numbering more than 100, and
	   the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must
	   enclose the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all
	   these Cover Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-
	   Cover Texts on the back cover.  Both covers must also clearly and
	   legibly identify you as the publisher of these copies.  The front
	   cover must present the full title with all words of the title
	   equally prominent and visible.  You may add other material on the
	   covers in addition.	Copying with changes limited to the covers, as
	   long as they preserve the title of the Document and satisfy these
	   conditions, can be treated as verbatim copying in other respects.

	   If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
	   legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit rea‐
	   sonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent

	   If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document number‐
	   ing more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable
	   Transparent copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with
	   each Opaque copy a computer-network location from which the general
	   network-using public has access to download using public-standard
	   network protocols a complete Transparent copy of the Document, free
	   of added material.  If you use the latter option, you must take
	   reasonably prudent steps, when you begin distribution of Opaque
	   copies in quantity, to ensure that this Transparent copy will
	   remain thus accessible at the stated location until at least one
	   year after the last time you distribute an Opaque copy (directly or
	   through your agents or retailers) of that edition to the public.

	   It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of
	   the Document well before redistributing any large number of copies,
	   to give them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the


	   You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document
	   under the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you
	   release the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the
	   Modified Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing
	   distribution and modification of the Modified Version to whoever
	   possesses a copy of it.  In addition, you must do these things in
	   the Modified Version:

	   A.  Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title dis‐
	       tinct from that of the Document, and from those of previous
	       versions (which should, if there were any, be listed in the
	       History section of the Document).  You may use the same title
	       as a previous version if the original publisher of that version
	       gives permission.

	   B.  List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or
	       entities responsible for authorship of the modifications in the
	       Modified Version, together with at least five of the principal
	       authors of the Document (all of its principal authors, if it
	       has fewer than five), unless they release you from this

	   C.  State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the Modi‐
	       fied Version, as the publisher.

	   D.  Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.

	   E.  Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
	       adjacent to the other copyright notices.

	   F.  Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license
	       notice giving the public permission to use the Modified Version
	       under the terms of this License, in the form shown in the
	       Addendum below.

	   G.  Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant
	       Sections and required Cover Texts given in the Document's
	       license notice.

	   H.  Include an unaltered copy of this License.

	   I.  Preserve the section Entitled "History", Preserve its Title,
	       and add to it an item stating at least the title, year, new
	       authors, and publisher of the Modified Version as given on the
	       Title Page.  If there is no section Entitled "History" in the
	       Document, create one stating the title, year, authors, and pub‐
	       lisher of the Document as given on its Title Page, then add an
	       item describing the Modified Version as stated in the previous

	   J.  Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document
	       for public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and
	       likewise the network locations given in the Document for previ‐
	       ous versions it was based on.  These may be placed in the "His‐
	       tory" section.  You may omit a network location for a work that
	       was published at least four years before the Document itself,
	       or if the original publisher of the version it refers to gives

	   K.  For any section Entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
	       Preserve the Title of the section, and preserve in the section
	       all the substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowl‐
	       edgements and/or dedications given therein.

	   L.  Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document, unaltered
	       in their text and in their titles.  Section numbers or the
	       equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.

	   M.  Delete any section Entitled "Endorsements".  Such a section may
	       not be included in the Modified Version.

	   N.  Do not retitle any existing section to be Entitled "Endorse‐
	       ments" or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.

	   O.  Preserve any Warranty Disclaimers.

	   If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
	   appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no mate‐
	   rial copied from the Document, you may at your option designate
	   some or all of these sections as invariant.	To do this, add their
	   titles to the list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's
	   license notice.  These titles must be distinct from any other sec‐
	   tion titles.

	   You may add a section Entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
	   nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various par‐
	   ties---for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
	   been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of
	   a standard.

	   You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text,
	   and a passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of
	   the list of Cover Texts in the Modified Version.  Only one passage
	   of Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
	   through arrangements made by) any one entity.  If the Document
	   already includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added
	   by you or by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on
	   behalf of, you may not add another; but you may replace the old
	   one, on explicit permission from the previous publisher that added
	   the old one.

	   The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this
	   License give permission to use their names for publicity for or to
	   assert or imply endorsement of any Modified Version.


	   You may combine the Document with other documents released under
	   this License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modi‐
	   fied versions, provided that you include in the combination all of
	   the Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodi‐
	   fied, and list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work
	   in its license notice, and that you preserve all their Warranty

	   The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
	   multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
	   copy.  If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name
	   but different contents, make the title of each such section unique
	   by adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the origi‐
	   nal author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique
	   number.  Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list
	   of Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.

	   In the combination, you must combine any sections Entitled "His‐
	   tory" in the various original documents, forming one section Enti‐
	   tled "History"; likewise combine any sections Entitled "Acknowl‐
	   edgements", and any sections Entitled "Dedications".	 You must
	   delete all sections Entitled "Endorsements."


	   You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other doc‐
	   uments released under this License, and replace the individual
	   copies of this License in the various documents with a single copy
	   that is included in the collection, provided that you follow the
	   rules of this License for verbatim copying of each of the documents
	   in all other respects.

	   You may extract a single document from such a collection, and dis‐
	   tribute it individually under this License, provided you insert a
	   copy of this License into the extracted document, and follow this
	   License in all other respects regarding verbatim copying of that


	   A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other sepa‐
	   rate and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a
	   storage or distribution medium, is called an "aggregate" if the
	   copyright resulting from the compilation is not used to limit the
	   legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual
	   works permit.  When the Document is included in an aggregate, this
	   License does not apply to the other works in the aggregate which
	   are not themselves derivative works of the Document.

	   If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
	   copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one half
	   of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed
	   on covers that bracket the Document within the aggregate, or the
	   electronic equivalent of covers if the Document is in electronic
	   form.  Otherwise they must appear on printed covers that bracket
	   the whole aggregate.

       8.  TRANSLATION

	   Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may dis‐
	   tribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
	   Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
	   permission from their copyright holders, but you may include trans‐
	   lations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the origi‐
	   nal versions of these Invariant Sections.  You may include a trans‐
	   lation of this License, and all the license notices in the Docu‐
	   ment, and any Warranty Disclaimers, provided that you also include
	   the original English version of this License and the original ver‐
	   sions of those notices and disclaimers.  In case of a disagreement
	   between the translation and the original version of this License or
	   a notice or disclaimer, the original version will prevail.

	   If a section in the Document is Entitled "Acknowledgements", "Dedi‐
	   cations", or "History", the requirement (section 4) to Preserve its
	   Title (section 1) will typically require changing the actual title.

       9.  TERMINATION

	   You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document
	   except as expressly provided for under this License.	 Any other
	   attempt to copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is
	   void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this
	   License.  However, parties who have received copies, or rights,
	   from you under this License will not have their licenses terminated
	   so long as such parties remain in full compliance.


	   The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions of
	   the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time.  Such new
	   versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
	   differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.  See

	   Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version num‐
	   ber.	 If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version
	   of this License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the
	   option of following the terms and conditions either of that speci‐
	   fied version or of any later version that has been published (not
	   as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.	 If the Document does
	   not specify a version number of this License, you may choose any
	   version ever published (not as a draft) by the Free Software Foun‐

       ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents

       To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
       the License in the document and put the following copyright and license
       notices just after the title page:

		 Copyright (C)	<year>	<your name>.
		 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
		 under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
		 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
		 with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover
		 Texts.	 A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
		 Free Documentation License".

       If you have Invariant Sections, Front-Cover Texts and Back-Cover Texts,
       replace the "with...Texts." line with this:

		   with the Invariant Sections being <list their titles>, with
		   the Front-Cover Texts being <list>, and with the Back-Cover Texts
		   being <list>.

       If you have Invariant Sections without Cover Texts, or some other com‐
       bination of the three, merge those two alternatives to suit the situa‐

       If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we rec‐
       ommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of free
       software license, such as the GNU General Public License, to permit
       their use in free software.

       gpl(7), fsf-funding(7).

       Copyright (c) 2000,2001,2002 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  51
       Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA	 02110-1301, USA

       Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
       license document, but changing it is not allowed.

gcc-4.2.3			  2008-02-01			       GFDL(7)

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