INNXMIT(8)INNXMIT(8)NAMEinnxmit - send Usenet articles to a remote NNTP server
SYNOPSISinnxmit [ -A alt_spool ] [ -a ] [ -d ] [ -M ] [ -r ] [ -t timeout ] [
-T timeout ] [ -p ] [ -S ] host file
Innxmit connects to the NNTP server at the specified host and sends it
the articles specified in the batchfile named file. It is normally
invoked by a script run out of cron(8) that uses shlock(1) to lock the
host name, followed by a ctlinnd(8) command to flush the batchfile.
Innxmit normally blocks until the connection is made. To specify a
timeout on how long to try to make the connection, use the ``-t'' flag.
To specify the total amount of time that should be allowed for article
transfers, use the ``-T'' flag. The default is to wait until an I/O
error occurs, or all the articles have been transferred. If the ``-T''
flag is used, the time is checked just before an article is started; it
will not abort a transfer that is in progress. Both values are mea‐
sured in seconds.
If the file is not an absolute pathname, it is taken relative to the
/var/spool/news/out.going directory. It is normally written by speci‐
fying the ``Wnm'' flags in the newsfeeds(5) file. Each line in the
batchfile should be in one of the following formats:
The filename field names the article to be sent. If it is not an abso‐
lute pathname it is taken relative to the news spool directory,
/var/spool/news/spool. If the Message-ID field is not specified, it
will be obtained by scanning the article. The filename and Message-Id
fields are separated by a space.
If a communication error such as a write(2) failure occurs, innxmit
will stop sending and rewrite the batchfile to contain the current
article and any other unsent articles.
If the remote server sends an unexpected reply code, innxmit will
requeue the article and proceed. Use the ``-r'' flag if the article
should not be requeued.
Upon exit, innxmit reports transfer and CPU usage statistics via sys‐
log(3). If the ``-v'' flag is used, they will also be printed on the
standard output. If all articles were sent successfully, innxmit will
remove the batchfile, otherwise it will rewrite it to contain the list
of unsent articles. If no articles were sent or rejected, the file is
left untouched. This can cause the batchfile to grow excessively large
if many articles have been expired and there are communication prob‐
lems. To always rewrite the batchfile, use the ``-a'' flag. If the
``-p'' flag is given, then no connection is made and the batchfile is
purged of entries that refer to files that no longer exist. This
implies the ``-a'' flag.
If the ``-S'' flag is given, then innxmit will offer articles to the
specified host using the ``xreplic'' protocol extension described in
innd(8). To use this flag, the input file must contain the history
data (commas are transliterated to spaces by the server). In order for
this flag to be used, the input must contain the necessary history
entries. This is usually done by setting up a ``WnR'' entry in the
Use the ``-d'' flag to print debugging information on standard error.
This will show the protocol transactions between innxmit and the NNTP
server on the remote host.
If the ``-M'' flag is used then innxmit will scan an article's headers
before sending it. If the article appears to be a MIME article that is
not in seven-bit format, the article will be sent in ``quoted-print‐
The ``-A'' flag may be used to specify an alternate spool directory to
use if the article is not found; this would normally be an NFS-mounted
spool directory of a master server with longer expiration times.
Written by Rich $alz <email@example.com> for InterNetNews. This is
revision 1.12, dated 1993/03/18.
SEE ALSOctlinnd(8), innd(8), newsfeeds(5), shlock(1).