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KOI8-R(7)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		     KOI8-R(7)

NAME
       koi8-r	-  Russian  character  set  encoded  in	 octal,	 decimal,  and
       hexadecimal

DESCRIPTION
       KOI8-R is the character set of choice for encoding  Russian  texts  for
       many  UNIX-like	operation systems.  KOI8-R is a successor for KOI-8, a
       de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW  and  other  interactive
       services at least all over the ex-SU territory.

       KOI8-R  is  defined  by	RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character
       Set).

NOTES
       KOI8-R was designed for mixed Russian/English  texts  and  covers  only
       Russian	 Cyrillic  characters,	so  if	you're	looking	 for  Cyrillic
       characters for Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and so on, try  ISO-IR-111,  or
       KOI8-U (Ukrainian Character Set), or KOI8-C (for ancient Russian texts)
       instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic  letters
       area.

       A  more	complete  set  of  Cyrillic  characters is also defined by the
       ISO-8859-5 character set.

   KOI8-R characters
       The following table  displays  the  characters  in  KOI8-R,  which  are
       printable and unlisted in the ascii(7) manual page.

       Oct   Dec   Hex	 Char	Description
       ────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────
       200   128   80	  ─	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
       201   129   81	  │	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL
       202   130   82	  ┌	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
       203   131   83	  ┐	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
       204   132   84	  └	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
       205   133   85	  ┘	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
       206   134   86	  ├	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       207   135   87	  ┤	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
       210   136   88	  ┬	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       211   137   89	  ┴	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
       212   138   8A	  ┼	BOX DRAWINGS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       213   139   8B	  ▀	UPPER HALF BLOCK
       214   140   8C	  ▄	LOWER HALF BLOCK
       215   141   8D	  █	FULL BLOCK
       216   142   8E	  ▌	LEFT HALF BLOCK
       217   143   8F	  ▐	RIGHT HALF BLOCK
       220   144   90	  ░	LIGHT SHADE
       221   145   91	  ▒	MEDIUM SHADE
       222   146   92	  ▓	DARK SHADE
       223   147   93	  ⌠	TOP HALF INTEGRAL
       224   148   94	  ■	BLACK SQUARE
       225   149   95	  ∙	BULLET OPERATOR
       226   150   96	  √	SQUARE ROOT
       227   151   97	  ≈	ALMOST EQUAL TO
       230   152   98	  ≤	LESS-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       231   153   99	  ≥	GREATER-THAN OR EQUAL TO
       232   154   9A	   	NO-BREAK SPACE
       233   155   9B	  ⌡	BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
       234   156   9C	  °	DEGREE SIGN
       235   157   9D	  ²	SUPERSCRIPT TWO
       236   158   9E	  ·	MIDDLE DOT

       237   159   9F	  ÷	DIVISION SIGN
       240   160   A0	  ═	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
       241   161   A1	  ║	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL
       242   162   A2	  ╒	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       243   163   A3	  ё	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
       244   164   A4	  ╓	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       245   165   A5	  ╔	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
       246   166   A6	  ╕	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       247   167   A7	  ╖	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       250   168   A8	  ╗	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
       251   169   A9	  ╘	BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       252   170   AA	  ╙	BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       253   171   AB	  ╚	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
       254   172   AC	  ╛	BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       255   173   AD	  ╜	BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       256   174   AE	  ╝	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
       257   175   AF	  ╞	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
       260   176   B0	  ╟	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
       261   177   B1	  ╠	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
       262   178   B2	  ╡	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
       263   179   B3	  Ё	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
       264   180   B4	  ╢	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
       265   181   B5	  ╣	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
       266   182   B6	  ╤	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       267   183   B7	  ╥	BOX DRAWINGS DOWN DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       270   184   B8	  ╦	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
       271   185   B9	  ╧	BOX DRAWINGS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       272   186   BA	  ╨	BOX DRAWINGS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       273   187   BB	  ╩	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
       274   188   BC	  ╪	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL SINGLE
				AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
       275   189   BD	  ╫	BOX DRAWINGS VERTICAL DOUBLE
				AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
       276   190   BE	  ╬	BOX DRAWINGS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
       277   191   BF	  ©	COPYRIGHT SIGN
       300   192   C0	  ю	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YU
       301   193   C1	  а	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
       302   194   C2	  б	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
       303   195   C3	  ц	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
       304   196   C4	  д	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
       305   197   C5	  е	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
       306   198   C6	  ф	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
       307   199   C7	  г	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GHE
       310   200   C8	  х	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HA
       311   201   C9	  и	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER I
       312   202   CA	  й	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT I
       313   203   CB	  к	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
       314   204   CC	  л	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
       315   205   CD	  м	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
       316   206   CE	  н	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
       317   207   CF	  о	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
       320   208   D0	  п	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
       321   209   D1	  я	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YA
       322   210   D2	  р	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
       323   211   D3	  с	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
       324   212   D4	  т	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
       325   213   D5	  у	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
       326   214   D6	  ж	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
       327   215   D7	  в	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
       330   216   D8	  ь	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       331   217   D9	  ы	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERU
       332   218   DA	  з	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
       333   219   DB	  ш	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
       334   220   DC	  э	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER E
       335   221   DD	  щ	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA

       336   222   DE	  ч	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
       337   223   DF	  ъ	CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
       340   224   E0	  Ю	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YU
       341   225   E1	  А	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
       342   226   E2	  Б	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
       343   227   E3	  Ц	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
       344   228   E4	  Д	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
       345   229   E5	  Е	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
       346   230   E6	  Ф	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
       347   231   E7	  Г	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GHE
       350   232   E8	  Х	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HA
       351   233   E9	  И	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER I
       352   234   EA	  Й	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT I
       353   235   EB	  К	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
       354   236   EC	  Л	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
       355   237   ED	  М	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
       356   238   EE	  Н	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
       357   239   EF	  О	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
       360   240   F0	  П	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
       361   241   F1	  Я	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YA
       362   242   F2	  Р	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
       363   243   F3	  С	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
       364   244   F4	  Т	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
       365   245   F5	  У	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
       366   246   F6	  Ж	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
       367   247   F7	  В	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
       370   248   F8	  Ь	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
       371   249   F9	  Ы	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERU
       372   250   FA	  З	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
       373   251   FB	  Ш	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
       374   252   FC	  Э	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER E
       375   253   FD	  Щ	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
       376   254   FE	  Ч	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
       377   255   FF	  Ъ	CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN

SEE ALSO
       ascii(7), iso-8859-5(7), koi8-u(7)

       RFC 1489, ⟨http://koi8.pp.ru/⟩

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 3.54 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, and information about reporting  bugs,  can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux				  2012-08-05			     KOI8-R(7)
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