mergecap man page on Oracle

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MERGECAP(1)		The Wireshark Network Analyzer		   MERGECAP(1)

       mergecap - Merges two or more capture files into one

       mergecap [ -a ] [ -F <file format> ] [ -h ] [ -s <snaplen> ]
       [ -T <encapsulation type> ] [ -v ] -w <outfile>|- <infile> [<infile>

       Mergecap is a program that combines multiple saved capture files into a
       single output file specified by the -w argument.	 Mergecap knows how to
       read pcap capture files, including those of tcpdump, Wireshark, and
       other tools that write captures in that format.

       By default, Mergecap writes the capture file in pcap format, and writes
       all of the packets from the input capture files to the output file.

       Mergecap is able to detect, read and write the same capture files that
       are supported by Wireshark.  The input files don't need a specific
       filename extension; the file format and an optional gzip compression
       will be automatically detected.	Near the beginning of the DESCRIPTION
       section of wireshark(1) or
       <> is a detailed
       description of the way Wireshark handles this, which is the same way
       Mergecap handles this.

       Mergecap can write the file in several output formats.  The -F flag can
       be used to specify the format in which to write the capture file,
       mergecap -F provides a list of the available output formats.

       Packets from the input files are merged in chronological order based on
       each frame's timestamp, unless the -a flag is specified.	 Mergecap
       assumes that frames within a single capture file are already stored in
       chronological order.  When the -a flag is specified, packets are copied
       directly from each input file to the output file, independent of each
       frame's timestamp.

       The output file frame encapsulation type is set to the type of the
       input files if all input files have the same type.  If not all of the
       input files have the same frame encapsulation type, the output file
       type is set to WTAP_ENCAP_PER_PACKET.  Note that some capture file
       formats, most notably pcap, do not currently support
       WTAP_ENCAP_PER_PACKET.  This combination will cause the output file
       creation to fail.

       -a  Causes the frame timestamps to be ignored, writing all packets from
	   the first input file followed by all packets from the second input
	   file.  By default, when -a is not specified, the contents of the
	   input files are merged in chronological order based on each frame's

	   Note: when merging, mergecap assumes that packets within a capture
	   file are already in chronological order.

       -F  <file format>
	   Sets the file format of the output capture file. Mergecap can write
	   the file in several formats; mergecap -F provides a list of the
	   available output formats. The default is to use the file format of
	   the first input file.

       -h  Prints the version and options and exits.

       -s  <snaplen>
	   Sets the snapshot length to use when writing the data.  If the -s
	   flag is used to specify a snapshot length, frames in the input file
	   with more captured data than the specified snapshot length will
	   have only the amount of data specified by the snapshot length
	   written to the output file.	This may be useful if the program that
	   is to read the output file cannot handle packets larger than a
	   certain size (for example, the versions of snoop in Solaris 2.5.1
	   and Solaris 2.6 appear to reject Ethernet frames larger than the
	   standard Ethernet MTU, making them incapable of handling gigabit
	   Ethernet captures if jumbo frames were used).

       -T  <encapsulation type>
	   Sets the packet encapsulation type of the output capture file.  If
	   the -T flag is used to specify a frame encapsulation type, the
	   encapsulation type of the output capture file will be forced to the
	   specified type, rather than being the type appropriate to the
	   encapsulation type of the input capture files.

	   Note that this merely forces the encapsulation type of the output
	   file to be the specified type; the packet headers of the packets
	   will not be translated from the encapsulation type of the input
	   capture file to the specified encapsulation type (for example, it
	   will not translate an Ethernet capture to an FDDI capture if an
	   Ethernet capture is read and '-T fddi' is specified).

       -v  Causes mergecap to print a number of messages while it's working.

       -w  <outfile>|-
	   Sets the output filename. If the name is '-', stdout will be used.
	   This setting is mandatory.

       To merge two capture files together, 100 seconds apart use:

	   capinfos -aeS a.pcap b.pcap

       (Let's suppose a.pcap starts at 1009932757 and b.pcap ends at
       873660281. 1009932757 - 873660281 - 100 = 136272376 seconds.)

	   editcap -t 136272376 b.pcap b-shifted.pcap
	   mergecap -w compare.pcap a.pcap b-shifted.pcap

       pcap(3), wireshark(1), tshark(1), dumpcap(1), editcap(1), text2pcap(1),
       pcap-filter(7) or tcpdump(8)

       Mergecap is based heavily upon editcap by Richard Sharpe
       <sharpe[AT]> and Guy Harris <guy[AT]>.

       Mergecap is part of the Wireshark distribution.	The latest version of
       Wireshark can be found at <>.

       HTML versions of the Wireshark project man pages are available at:

	 Original Author
	 -------- ------
	 Scott Renfro		  <scott[AT]>

	 Bill Guyton		  <guyton[AT]>

1.10.3				  2013-07-28			   MERGECAP(1)

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