mkstemp man page on Archlinux

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MKSTEMP(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		    MKSTEMP(3)

       mkstemp, mkostemp, mkstemps, mkostemps - create a unique temporary file

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int mkstemp(char *template);

       int mkostemp(char *template, int flags);

       int mkstemps(char *template, int suffixlen);

       int mkostemps(char *template, int suffixlen, int flags);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

	   || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

       mkostemp(): _GNU_SOURCE
       mkstemps(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
       mkostemps(): _GNU_SOURCE

       The mkstemp() function generates a unique temporary filename from  tem‐
       plate,  creates and opens the file, and returns an open file descriptor
       for the file.

       The last six characters of template must	 be  "XXXXXX"  and  these  are
       replaced	 with  a string that makes the filename unique.	 Since it will
       be modified, template must not be a  string  constant,  but  should  be
       declared as a character array.

       The file is created with permissions 0600, that is, read plus write for
       owner only.  The returned file descriptor provides both read and	 write
       access  to  the file.  The file is opened with the open(2) O_EXCL flag,
       guaranteeing that the caller is the process that creates the file.

       The mkostemp() function is like mkstemp(), with the difference that the
       following bits—with the same meaning as for open(2)—may be specified in
       flags: O_APPEND, O_CLOEXEC, and O_SYNC.	Note that  when	 creating  the
       file, mkostemp() includes the values O_RDWR, O_CREAT, and O_EXCL in the
       flags argument given to open(2); including these values	in  the	 flags
       argument	 given	to  mkostemp()	is unnecessary, and produces errors on
       some systems.

       The mkstemps() function is like mkstemp(), except that  the  string  in
       template	 contains a suffix of suffixlen characters.  Thus, template is
       of the form prefixXXXXXXsuffix, and the string XXXXXX  is  modified  as
       for mkstemp().

       The   mkostemps()  function  is	to  mkstemps()	as  mkostemp()	is  to

       On success, these functions return the file descriptor of the temporary
       file.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

       EEXIST Could  not create a unique temporary filename.  Now the contents
	      of template are undefined.

       EINVAL For mkstemp() and mkostemp(): The last six  characters  of  tem‐
	      plate were not XXXXXX; now template is unchanged.

	      For  mkstemps() and mkostemps(): template is less than (6 + suf‐
	      fixlen) characters long, or the last  6  characters  before  the
	      suffix in template were not XXXXXX.

       These  functions	 may  also  fail  with any of the errors described for

       mkostemp() is available since glibc 2.7.	  mkstemps()  and  mkostemps()
       are available since glibc 2.11.

       mkstemp(): 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001.

       mkstemps(): unstandardized, but appears on several other systems.

       mkostemp() and mkostemps(): are glibc extensions.

       In  glibc  versions  2.06 and earlier, the file is created with permis‐
       sions 0666, that is, read and write for all users.  This	 old  behavior
       may  be	a security risk, especially since other UNIX flavors use 0600,
       and  somebody  might  overlook  this  detail  when  porting   programs.
       POSIX.1-2008  adds  a  requirement  that	 the file be created with mode

       More generally, the POSIX specification of mkstemp() does not say  any‐
       thing  about  file  modes, so the application should make sure its file
       mode creation mask (see umask(2)) is set appropriately  before  calling
       mkstemp() (and mkostemp()).

       The  prototype  for mktemp() is in <unistd.h> for libc4, libc5, glibc1;
       glibc2 follows POSIX.1 and has the prototype in <stdlib.h>.

       mkdtemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpfile(3), tmpnam(3)

       This page is part of release 3.65 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at

GNU				  2013-12-28			    MKSTEMP(3)

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