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MPOOL(3)		 BSD Library Functions Manual		      MPOOL(3)

NAME
     mpool — shared memory buffer pool

SYNOPSIS
     #include <db.h>
     #include <mpool.h>

     MPOOL *
     mpool_open(void *key, int fd, pgno_t pagesize, pgno_t maxcache);

     void
     mpool_filter(MPOOL *mp, void (*pgin)(void *, pgno_t, void *),
	 void (*pgout)(void *, pgno_t, void *), void *pgcookie);

     void *
     mpool_new(MPOOL *mp, pgno_t *pgnoaddr, u_int flags);

     int
     mpool_delete(MPOOL *mp, void *page);

     void *
     mpool_get(MPOOL *mp, pgno_t pgno, u_int flags);

     int
     mpool_put(MPOOL *mp, void *pgaddr, u_int flags);

     int
     mpool_sync(MPOOL *mp);

     int
     mpool_close(MPOOL *mp);

DESCRIPTION
     The mpool library interface is intended to provide page oriented buffer
     management of files.

     The mpool_open() function initializes a memory pool.  The key argument is
     currently ignored.	 The fd argument is a file descriptor for the underly‐
     ing file, which must be seekable.

     The pagesize argument is the size, in bytes, of the pages into which the
     file is broken up.	 The maxcache argument is the maximum number of pages
     from the underlying file to cache at any one time.	 This value is not
     relative to the number of processes which share a file's buffers, but
     will be the largest value specified by any of the processes sharing the
     file.

     The mpool_filter() function is intended to make transparent input and
     output processing of the pages possible.  If the pgin function is speci‐
     fied, it is called each time a buffer is read into the memory pool from
     the backing file.	If the pgout function is specified, it is called each
     time a buffer is written into the backing file.  Both functions are
     called with the pgcookie pointer, the page number and a pointer to the
     page to being read or written.

     The function mpool_new() takes an MPOOL pointer, an address, and a set of
     flags as arguments.  If a new page can be allocated, a pointer to the
     page is returned and the page number is stored into the pgnoaddr address.
     Otherwise, NULL is returned and errno is set.  The flags value is formed
     by OR'ing the following values:

     MPOOL_PAGE_REQUEST
	     Allocate a new page with a specific page number.

     MPOOL_PAGE_NEXT
	     Allocate a new page with the next page number.

     The function mpool_delete() deletes the specified page from a pool and
     frees the page.  It takes an MPOOL pointer and a page as arguments.  The
     page must have been generated by mpool_new().

     The mpool_get() function takes a MPOOL pointer and a page number as argu‐
     ments.  If the page exists, a pointer to the page is returned.  Other‐
     wise, NULL is returned and errno is set.  The flags argument is not cur‐
     rently used.

     The mpool_put() function unpins the page referenced by pgaddr.  The
     pgaddr argument must be an address previously returned by mpool_get() or
     mpool_new().  The flags argument is specified by or'ing any of the fol‐
     lowing values:

     MPOOL_DIRTY
	     The page has been modified and needs to be written to the backing
	     file.

     The mpool_put() function returns 0 on success and -1 if an error occurs.

     The mpool_sync() function writes all modified pages associated with the
     MPOOL pointer to the backing file.	 The mpool_sync() function returns 0
     on success and -1 if an error occurs.

     The mpool_close() function free's up any allocated memory associated with
     the memory pool cookie.  Modified pages are not written to the backing
     file.  The mpool_close() function returns 0 on success and -1 if an error
     occurs.

ERRORS
     The mpool_open() function may fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the library routine malloc(3).

     The mpool_get() function may fail and set errno for the following:

     [EINVAL]		The requested record does not exist.

     The mpool_new() and mpool_get() functions may fail and set errno for any
     of the errors specified for the library routines read(2), write(2), and
     malloc(3).

     The mpool_sync() function may fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the library routine write(2).

     The mpool_close() function may fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the library routine free(3).

SEE ALSO
     btree(3), dbopen(3), hash(3), recno(3)

BSD			       February 25, 1999			   BSD
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