nedmail man page on Plan9

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NEDMAIL(1)							    NEDMAIL(1)

       nedmail -  reading mail

       upas/nedmail [ -nr ] [ -f mailfile ] [ -s mailfile ]

       upas/nedmail -c dir

       Nedmail	edits  a  mailbox.   The  default  mailbox  is /mail/box/user‐
       name/mbox.  The -f command line option specifies an alternate  mailbox.
       Unrooted path names are interpreted relative to /mail/box/username.  If
       the mailfile argument is omitted, the name defaults to stored.

       The options are:

       -c dir Create a mailbox.	 If dir is specified, the new mailbox is  cre‐
	      ated  in	/mail/box/username/dir/mbox.   Otherwise,  the default
	      mailbox is created.

       -r     Reverse: show messages in first-in, first-out order; the default
	      is last-in, first-out.

       -n     Make  the message numbers the same as the file names in the mail
	      box directory.  This implies the -r option.

       -f mailfile
	      Read messages from the specified file (see above) instead of the
	      default mailbox.

       -s mailfile
	      Read  a  single  message	file  mailfile, as produced by fs, and
	      treat it as an entire mailbox.  This  is	provided  for  use  in
	      plumbing rules; see faces(1).

       Nedmail starts by reading the mail box, printing out the number of mes‐
       sages, and then prompting for commands from standard input.   Commands,
       as  in  ed(1), are of the form `[range] command [arguments]'.  The com‐
       mand is applied to each message in the (optional) range.

       The address range can be:

       address	     to indicate a single message header
		     to indicate a range of contiguous message headers
       g/expression/ to indicate all messages whose headers match the  regular
       g%expression% to indicate all messages whose contents match the regular

       The addresses can be:

       number	     to indicate a particular message
		     to indicate a subpart of a particular message
       /expression/  to indicate the next message whose header matches expres‐
       %expression%  to indicate the next message whose contents match expres‐
       empty or .    to indicate the current message
       -address	     to indicate backwards search or movement

       Since messages in MIME are hierarchical structures, in nedmail all  the
       subparts	 are  individually addressable.	 For example if message 2 con‐
       tains 3 attachments, the attachments are numbered 2.1, 2.2, and 2.3.

       The commands are:

       a args	  Reply to all addresses in the To:,  From:,  and  Cc:	header
		  lines.   Marshal  is	used to format the reply and any argu‐
		  ments the user specifies are added to the  command  line  to
		  marshal  before  the recipient.  The possibility of making a
		  fool of yourself is very high with this command.
       A args	  Like a but with the message appended to the reply.
       b	  Print the headers for the next ten messages.
       d	  Mark message to be deleted upon exiting nedmail.
       f	  Append the message to the file /mail/box/username/sendername
		  where sendername is the account name of the sender.
       h	  Print	 the  disposition, size in characters, reception time,
		  sender, and subject of the message.
       H	  Print the MIME structure of the message.
       help	  Print a summary of the commands.
       m person ...
		  Forward the message as a mime attachment to the  named  per‐
       M person ...
		  Like	m  but	allow  the user to type in text to be included
		  with the forwarded message.
       p	  Print message. An interrupt stops the printing.
       r args	  Reply to the sender of the message.  Marshal is used to for‐
		  mat the reply.  If any optional Args are specified, they are
		  added to the command line to marshal before the  recipient's
       R  args	  Like	r but with the original message included as an attach‐
       rf	  Like r but append the message and  the  reply	 to  the  file
		  /mail/box/username/sendername	  where	  sendername   is  the
		  account name of the sender.
       Rf	  Like R but append the message and  the  reply	 to  the  file
		  /mail/box/username/sendername	  where	  sendername   is  the
		  account name of the sender.
       s mfile	  Append the message  to  the  specified  mailbox.   If	 mfile
		  doesn't  start with a `/', it is interpreted relative to the
		  directory in which the  mailbox  resides.   If  mfile	 is  a
		  directory  then  the destination is a file in that directry.
		  If the MIME header specifies a file name, that one is	 used.
		  Otherwise,  one  is generated using mktemp(2) and the string
       q	  Put undeleted mail back in the mailbox and stop.
       EOT (control-D)
		  Same as q.
       w file	  Same as s with the mail header line(s) stripped.   This  can
		  be used to save binary mail bodies.
       u	  Remove mark for deletion.
       x	  Exit, without changing the mailbox file.
       y	  Synchronize  with  the  mail	box.  Any deleted messages are
		  purged and any new messages read.   This  is	equivalent  to
		  quiting nedmail and restarting.
       |command	  Run the command with the message body as standard input.
       ||command  Run the command with the whole message as standard input.
       !command	  Escape to the shell to do command.
       =	  Print the number of the current message.

       Here's an example of a mail session that looks at a summary of the mail
       messages, saves away an html file added as an attachment to  a  message
       and then deletes the message:

       % mail
       7 messages
       : ,h
       1   H  2129    07/22 12:30  "Add Up To 2000 free miles"
       2       504    07/22 11:43  jmk
       3   H   784    07/20 09:05  presotto
       4       822    07/11 09:23	"You don't call, you don't write..."
       5       193    07/06 16:55  presotto
       6       529    06/01 19:42  jmk
       7       798    09/02  2000  howard
       : 1H
       1       multipart/mixed		   2129
	1.1	 text/plain		   115
	1.2	 text/html		   1705	  filename=northwest.htm
       : 1.2w /tmp/northwest.html
       !saved in /tmp/northwest.html
       1.2: d
       1: q
       !1 message deleted

       Notice  that  the  delete of message 1.2 deleted the entire message and
       not just the attachment.

	      mail directories

	      mailbox files

	      forwarding address(es)

	      mail filter

	      mutual exclusion lock for multiple mbox readers

	      mutual exclusion lock for altering mbox


       mail(1), aliasmail(8),  filter(1),  marshal(1),	mlmgr(1),  nedmail(1),
       upasfs(4), smtp(8), faces(1), rewrite(6)

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