pkill man page on Gentoo

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PGREP(1)			 User Commands			      PGREP(1)

       pgrep,  pkill  -	 look  up  or signal processes based on name and other

       pgrep [options] pattern
       pkill [options] pattern

       pgrep looks through the	currently  running  processes  and  lists  the
       process IDs which match the selection criteria to stdout.  All the cri‐
       teria have to match.  For example,

	      $ pgrep -u root sshd

       will only list the processes called sshd AND owned  by  root.   On  the
       other hand,

	      $ pgrep -u root,daemon

       will list the processes owned by root OR daemon.

       pkill  will  send  the  specified  signal  (by default SIGTERM) to each
       process instead of listing them on stdout.

       --signal signal
	      Defines the signal to send to each matched process.  Either  the
	      numeric or the symbolic signal name can be used.	(pkill only.)

       -c, --count
	      Suppress	normal	output; instead print a count of matching pro‐
	      cesses.  When count does not match anything, e.g. returns	 zero,
	      the command will return non-zero value.

       -d, --delimiter delimiter
	      Sets  the	 string	 used to delimit each process ID in the output
	      (by default a newline).  (pgrep only.)

       -f, --full
	      The pattern is normally only matched against the	process	 name.
	      When -f is set, the full command line is used.

       -g, --pgroup pgrp,...
	      Only  match  processes in the process group IDs listed.  Process
	      group 0 is translated into pgrep's or pkill's own process group.

       -G, --group gid,...
	      Only match processes whose real group ID is listed.  Either  the
	      numerical or symbolical value may be used.

       -l, --list-name
	      List the process name as well as the process ID.	(pgrep only.)

       -a, --list-full
	      List  the	 full  command line as well as the process ID.	(pgrep

       -n, --newest
	      Select only the newest (most recently started) of	 the  matching

       -o, --oldest
	      Select  only the oldest (least recently started) of the matching

       -P, --parent ppid,...
	      Only match processes whose parent process ID is listed.

       -s, --session sid,...
	      Only match processes whose process session ID is	listed.	  Ses‐
	      sion ID 0 is translated into pgrep's or pkill's own session ID.

       -t, --terminal term,...
	      Only  match processes whose controlling terminal is listed.  The
	      terminal name should be specified without the "/dev/" prefix.

       -u, --euid euid,...
	      Only match processes whose effective user ID is listed.	Either
	      the numerical or symbolical value may be used.

       -U, --uid uid,...
	      Only  match  processes whose real user ID is listed.  Either the
	      numerical or symbolical value may be used.

       -v, --inverse
	      Negates the matching.  This option is usually  used  in  pgrep's
	      context.	 In  pkill's  context  the short option is disabled to
	      avoid accidental usage of the option.

       -w, --lightweight
	      Shows all thread ids instead of pids  in	pgrep's	 context.   In
	      pkill's context this option is disabled.

       -x, --exact
	      Only match processes whose names (or command line if -f is spec‐
	      ified) exactly match the pattern.

       -F, --pidfile file
	      Read PID's from file.  This option is perhaps  more  useful  for
	      pkill than pgrep.

       -L, --logpidfile
	      Fail if pidfile (see -F) not locked.

       -V, --version
	      Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
	      Display help and exit.

	      Specifies	 an  Extended  Regular Expression for matching against
	      the process names or command lines.

       Example 1: Find the process ID of the named daemon:

	      $ pgrep -u root named

       Example 2: Make syslog reread its configuration file:

	      $ pkill -HUP syslogd

       Example 3: Give detailed information on all xterm processes:

	      $ ps -fp $(pgrep -d, -x xterm)

       Example 4: Make all netscape processes run nicer:

	      $ renice +4 $(pgrep netscape)

       0      One or more processes matched the criteria.
       1      No processes matched.
       2      Syntax error in the command line.
       3      Fatal error: out of memory etc.

       The process name used for matching is  limited  to  the	15  characters
       present	in  the	 output of /proc/pid/stat.  Use the -f option to match
       against the complete command line, /proc/pid/cmdline.

       The running pgrep or pkill process will never report itself as a match.

       The options -n and -o and -v can not be combined.  Let me know  if  you
       need to do this.

       Defunct processes are reported.

       ps(1), regex(7), signal(7), killall(1), skill(1), kill(1), kill(2)

       pkill  and  pgrep were introduced in Sun's Solaris 7.  This implementa‐
       tion is fully compatible.

       Kjetil Torgrim Homme ⟨⟩

       Please send bug reports to ⟨⟩

procps-ng			 October 2012			      PGREP(1)

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