PTHREAD_JOIN(3) BSD Library Functions Manual PTHREAD_JOIN(3)NAME
pthread_join, pthread_timedjoin_np — wait for thread termination
POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread)
pthread_join(pthread_t thread, void **value_ptr);
pthread_timedjoin_np(pthread_t thread, void **value_ptr,
const struct timespec *abstime);
The pthread_join() function suspends execution of the calling thread
until the target thread terminates unless the target thread has already
On return from a successful pthread_join() call with a non-NULL value_ptr
argument, the value passed to pthread_exit() by the terminating thread is
stored in the location referenced by value_ptr. When a pthread_join()
returns successfully, the target thread has been terminated. The results
of multiple simultaneous calls to pthread_join() specifying the same tar‐
get thread are undefined. If the thread calling pthread_join() is can‐
celled, then the target thread is not detached.
The pthread_timedjoin_np() function is equivalent to the pthread_join()
function except it will return ETIMEDOUT if target thread does not exit
before specified absolute time passes.
A thread that has exited but remains unjoined counts against
If successful, the pthread_join() and pthread_timedjoin_np() functions
will return zero. Otherwise an error number will be returned to indicate
The pthread_join() and pthread_timedjoin_np() functions will fail if:
[EINVAL] The implementation has detected that the value speci‐
fied by thread does not refer to a joinable thread.
[ESRCH] No thread could be found corresponding to that speci‐
fied by the given thread ID, thread.
[EDEADLK] A deadlock was detected or the value of thread speci‐
fies the calling thread.
[EOPNOTSUPP] The implementation detected that another caller is
already waiting on thread.
Additionally, the pthread_timedjoin_np() function will fail if:
[ETIMEDOUT] The specified absolute time passed while
pthread_timedjoin_np() waited for thread exit.
SEE ALSOwait(2), pthread_create(3)STANDARDS
The pthread_join() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1996 (“POSIX.1”).
The pthread_timedjoin_np() is a FreeBSD extension which first appeared in
BSD January 23, 2010 BSD