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QSORT(3)		   Linux Programmer's Manual		      QSORT(3)

       qsort, qsort_r - sort an array

       #include <stdlib.h>

       void qsort(void *base, size_t nmemb, size_t size,
		  int (*compar)(const void *, const void *));

       void qsort_r(void *base, size_t nmemb, size_t size,
		  int (*compar)(const void *, const void *, void *),
		  void *arg);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       qsort_r(): _GNU_SOURCE

       The  qsort()  function sorts an array with nmemb elements of size size.
       The base argument points to the start of the array.

       The contents of the array are sorted in ascending order according to  a
       comparison  function  pointed  to  by  compar, which is called with two
       arguments that point to the objects being compared.

       The comparison function must return an integer less than, equal to,  or
       greater	than  zero  if	the first argument is considered to be respec‐
       tively less than, equal to, or greater than the second.	If two members
       compare as equal, their order in the sorted array is undefined.

       The qsort_r() function is identical to qsort() except that the compari‐
       son function compar takes a third argument.  A pointer is passed to the
       comparison function via arg.  In this way, the comparison function does
       not need to use global variables to pass through	 arbitrary  arguments,
       and is therefore reentrant and safe to use in threads.

       The qsort() and qsort_r() functions return no value.

       qsort_r() was added to glibc in version 2.8.

       The qsort() function conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89, C99.

       Library	routines  suitable  for	 use as the compar argument to qsort()
       include alphasort(3) and versionsort(3).	 To  compare  C	 strings,  the
       comparison function can call strcmp(3), as shown in the example below.

       For one example of use, see the example under bsearch(3).

       Another example is the following program, which sorts the strings given
       in its command-line arguments:

       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <string.h>

       static int
       cmpstringp(const void *p1, const void *p2)
	   /* The actual arguments to this function are "pointers to
	      pointers to char", but strcmp(3) arguments are "pointers
	      to char", hence the following cast plus dereference */

	   return strcmp(* (char * const *) p1, * (char * const *) p2);

       main(int argc, char *argv[])
	   int j;

	   if (argc < 2) {
	       fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s <string>...\n", argv[0]);

	   qsort(&argv[1], argc - 1, sizeof(char *), cmpstringp);

	   for (j = 1; j < argc; j++)

       sort(1), alphasort(3), strcmp(3), versionsort(3)

       This page is part of release 3.65 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of	the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

				  2012-03-08			      QSORT(3)

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