STTY(1) BSD General Commands Manual STTY(1)NAMEstty — set the options for a terminal device interface
SYNOPSISstty [-a | -e | -g] [-f file] [operands]
The stty utility sets or reports on terminal characteristics for the
device that is its standard input. If no options or operands are speci‐
fied, it reports the settings of a subset of characteristics as well as
additional ones if they differ from their default values. Otherwise it
modifies the terminal state according to the specified arguments. Some
combinations of arguments are mutually exclusive on some terminal types.
The following options are available:
-a Display all the current settings for the terminal to standard
output as per IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”).
-e Display all the current settings for the terminal to standard
output in the traditional BSD ``all'' and ``everything'' formats.
-f Open and use the terminal named by file rather than using stan‐
dard input. The file is opened using the O_NONBLOCK flag of
open(), making it possible to set or display settings on a termi‐
nal that might otherwise block on the open.
-g Display all the current settings for the terminal to standard
output in a form that may be used as an argument to a subsequent
invocation of stty to restore the current terminal state as per
IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”).
The following arguments are available to set the terminal characteris‐
Control mode flags affect hardware characteristics associated with the
terminal. This corresponds to the c_cflag in the termios structure.
Enable (disable) parity generation and detection.
Select odd (even) parity.
cs5 cs6 cs7 cs8
Select character size, if possible.
number Set terminal baud rate to the number given, if possible. If
the baud rate is set to zero, modem control is no longer
Set terminal input baud rate to the number given, if possi‐
ble. If the input baud rate is set to zero, the input baud
rate is set to the value of the output baud rate.
Set terminal output baud rate to the number given, if possi‐
ble. If the output baud rate is set to zero, modem control
is no longer asserted.
This sets both ispeed and ospeed to number.
Stop asserting modem control (do not stop asserting modem
control) on last close.
hup (-hup) Same as hupcl (-hupcl).
Use two (one) stop bits per character.
Enable (disable) the receiver.
Assume a line without (with) modem control.
Enable RTS/CTS flow control.
This corresponds to the c_iflag in the termios structure.
Ignore (do not ignore) break on input.
Signal (do not signal) INTR on break.
Ignore (do not ignore) parity errors.
Mark (do not mark) parity errors.
Enable (disable) input parity checking.
Strip (do not strip) input characters to seven bits.
Map (do not map) NL to CR on input.
Ignore (do not ignore) CR on input.
Map (do not map) CR to NL on input.
Enable (disable) START/STOP output control. Output from the
system is stopped when the system receives STOP and started
when the system receives START, or if ixany is set, any char‐
acter restarts output.
Request that the system send (not send) START/STOP characters
when the input queue is nearly empty/full.
Allow any character (allow only START) to restart output.
The system imposes a limit of MAX_INPUT (currently 255) char‐
acters in the input queue. If imaxbel is set and the input
queue limit has been reached, subsequent input causes the
system to send an ASCII BEL character to the output queue
(the terminal beeps at you). Otherwise, if imaxbel is unset
and the input queue is full, the next input character causes
the entire input and output queues to be discarded.
This corresponds to the c_oflag of the termios structure.
Post-process output (do not post-process output; ignore all
other output modes).
Map (do not map) NL to on output.
Expand (do not expand) tabs to spaces on output.
Local mode flags (lflags) affect various and sundry characteristics of
terminal processing. Historically the term "local" pertained to new job
control features implemented by Jim Kulp on a Pdp 11/70 at IIASA. Later
the driver ran on the first VAX at Evans Hall, UC Berkeley, where the job
control details were greatly modified but the structure definitions and
names remained essentially unchanged. The second interpretation of the
'l' in lflag is ``line discipline flag'' which corresponds to the c_lflag
of the termios structure.
Enable (disable) the checking of characters against the spe‐
cial control characters INTR, QUIT, and SUSP.
Enable (disable) canonical input (ERASE and KILL processing).
Enable (disable) any implementation defined special control
characters not currently controlled by icanon, isig, or ixon.
Echo back (do not echo back) every character typed.
The ERASE character shall (shall not) visually erase the last
character in the current line from the display, if possible.
Echo (do not echo) NL after KILL character.
The KILL character shall (shall not) visually erase the the
current line from the display, if possible.
Echo (do not echo) NL, even if echo is disabled.
If echoctl is set, echo control characters as ^X. Otherwise
control characters echo as themselves.
For printing terminals. If set, echo erased characters back‐
wards within ``\'' and ``/''. Otherwise, disable this fea‐
Disable (enable) flush after INTR, QUIT, SUSP.
Send (do not send) SIGTTOU for background output. This
causes background jobs to stop if they attempt terminal out‐
Use (do not use) an alternate word erase algorithm when pro‐
cessing WERASE characters. This alternate algorithm consid‐
ers sequences of alphanumeric/underscores as words. It also
skips the first preceding character in its classification (as
a convenience since the one preceding character could have
been erased with simply an ERASE character.)
If set, flow control output based on condition of Carrier
Detect. Otherwise writes return an error if Carrier Detect
is low (and Carrier is not being ignored with the CLOCAL
Indicates output is (is not) being discarded.
Indicates input is (is not) pending after a switch from non-
canonical to canonical mode and will be re-input when a read
becomes pending or more input arrives.
Set control-character to string. If string is a single char‐
acter, the control character is set to that character. If
string is the two character sequence "^-" or the string
"undef" the control character is disabled (i.e. set to
character Subscript Description
_________ _________ _______________
eof VEOF EOF character
eol VEOL EOL character
eol2 VEOL2 EOL2 character
erase VERASE ERASE character
werase VWERASE WERASE character
intr VINTR INTR character
kill VKILL KILL character
quit VQUIT QUIT character
susp VSUSP SUSP character
start VSTART START character
stop VSTOP STOP character
dsusp VDSUSP DSUSP character
lnext VLNEXT LNEXT character
reprint VREPRINT REPRINT character
status VSTATUS STATUS character
Set the value of min or time to number. MIN and TIME are
used in Non-Canonical mode input processing (-icanon).
Set the current terminal characteristics to the saved set‐
tings produced by the -g option.
evenp or parity
Enable parenb and cs7; disable parodd.
oddp Enable parenb, cs7, and parodd.
-parity, -evenp, -oddp
Disable parenb, and set cs8.
nl (-nl) Enable (disable) icrnl. In addition -nl unsets inlcr and
ek Reset ERASE and KILL characters back to system defaults.
sane Resets all modes to reasonable values for interactive termi‐
tty Set the line discipline to the standard terminal line disci‐
crt (-crt) Set (disable) all modes suitable for a CRT display device.
Enable (disable) the system generated status line associated
with processing a STATUS character (usually set to ^T). The
status line consists of the system load average, the current
command name, its process ID, the event the process is wait‐
ing on (or the status of the process), the user and system
times, percent cpu, and current memory usage.
The terminal size is recorded as having number columns.
is an alias for columns.
The terminal size is recorded as having number rows.
dec Set modes suitable for users of Digital Equipment Corporation
systems ( ERASE, KILL, and INTR characters are set to ^?, ^U,
and ^C; ixany is disabled, and crt is enabled.)
If set, this flag indicates that some amount of terminal pro‐
cessing is being performed by either the terminal hardware or
by the remote side connected to a pty.
raw (-raw) If set, change the modes of the terminal so that no input or
output processing is performed. If unset, change the modes of
the terminal to some reasonable state that performs input and
output processing. Note that since the terminal driver no
longer has a single RAW bit, it is not possible to intuit
what flags were set prior to setting raw. This means that
unsetting raw may not put back all the setting that were pre‐
viously in effect. To set the terminal into a raw state and
then accurately restore it, the following shell code is rec‐
size The size of the terminal is printed as two numbers on a sin‐
gle line, first rows, then columns.
These modes remain for compatibility with the previous version of the
all Reports all the terminal modes as with stty-a except that
the control characters are printed in a columnar format.
everything Same as all.
cooked Same as sane.
cbreak If set, enables brkint, ixon, imaxbel, opost, isig, iexten,
and -icanon. If unset, same as sane.
new Same as tty.
old Same as tty.
Same as crt.
pass8 The converse of parity.
Same as ixoff.
The converse of ixany.
Same as echoe.
Same as echoe.
Same as echoke.
Same as echoctl.
Same as echoprt.
The converse of opost.
The converse of tabs.
brk value Same as the control character eol.
Same as the control character discard.
Same as the control character reprint.
The stty utility exits with a value of 0 if successful, and >0 if an
The stty function is expected to be IEEE Std 1003.2 (“POSIX.2”) compati‐
ble. The flags -e and -f are extensions to the standard.
BSD June 1, 1994 BSD