truss man page on FreeBSD

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TRUSS(1)		  BSD General Commands Manual		      TRUSS(1)

     truss — trace system calls

     truss [-facedDS] [-o file] [-s strsize] -p pid
     truss [-facedDS] [-o file] [-s strsize] command [args]

     The truss utility traces the system calls called by the specified process
     or program.  Output is to the specified output file, or standard error by
     default.  It does this by stopping and restarting the process being moni‐
     tored via ptrace(2).

     The options are as follows:

     -f	     Trace descendants of the original traced process created by
	     fork(2), vfork(2), etc.

     -a	     Show the argument strings that are passed in each execve(2) sys‐
	     tem call.

     -c	     Do not display individual system calls.  Instead, before exiting,
	     print a summary containing for each system call: the total system
	     time used, the number of times the call was invoked, and the num‐
	     ber of times the call returned with an error.

     -e	     Show the environment strings that are passed in each execve(2)
	     system call.

     -d	     Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since
	     the trace was started.

     -D	     Include timestamps in the output showing the time elapsed since
	     the last recorded event.

     -S	     Do not display information about signals received by the process.
	     (Normally, truss displays signal as well as system call events.)

     -o file
	     Print the output to the specified file instead of standard error.

     -s strsize
	     Display strings using at most strsize characters.	If the buffer
	     is larger, “...” will be displayed at the end of the string.  The
	     default strsize is 32.

     -p pid  Follow the process specified by pid instead of a new command.

     command [args]
	     Execute command and trace the system calls of it.	(The -p and
	     command options are mutually exclusive.)

     # Follow the system calls used in echoing "hello"
	   $ truss /bin/echo hello
     # Do the same, but put the output into a file
	   $ truss -o /tmp/truss.out /bin/echo hello
     # Follow an already-running process
	   $ truss -p 34

     kdump(1), ktrace(1), ptrace(2)

     The truss command was written by Sean Eric Fagan for FreeBSD.  It was
     modeled after similar commands available for System V Release 4 and

BSD				 May 12, 2009				   BSD

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