ttys man page on 4.4BSD

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TTYS(5)			    BSD File Formats Manual		       TTYS(5)

     ttys — terminal initialization information

     The file ttys contains information that is used by various routines to
     initialize and control the use of terminal special files.	This informa‐
     tion is read with the getttyent(3) library routines.  There is one line
     in the ttys file per special device file.	Fields are separated by tabs
     and/or spaces.  Fields comprised of more than one word should be enclosed
     in double quotes (``"'').	Blank lines and comments may appear anywhere
     in the file; comments are delimited by hash marks (``#'') and new lines.
     Any unspecified fields will default to null.

     The first field is the name of the terminal special file as it is found
     in /dev.

     The second field of the file is the command to execute for the line, usu‐
     ally getty(8), which initializes and opens the line, setting the speed,
     waiting for a user name and executing the login(1) program.  It can be,
     however, any desired command, for example the start up for a window sys‐
     tem terminal emulator or some other daemon process, and can contain mul‐
     tiple words if quoted.

     The third field is the type of terminal usually connected to that tty
     line, normally the one found in the termcap(5) data base file.  The envi‐
     ronment variable TERM is initialized with the value by either getty(8) or

     The remaining fields set flags in the ty_status entry (see getttyent(3))
     or specify a window system process that init(8) will maintain for the
     terminal line.

     As flag values, the strings ``on'' and ``off'' specify that init should
     (should not) execute the command given in the second field, while
     ``secure'' (if ``on'' is also specified) allows users with a uid of 0 to
     login on this line.  These flag fields should not be quoted.

     The string ``window='' may be followed by a quoted command string which
     init will execute before starting the command specified by the second

     # root login on console at 1200 baud
     console "/usr/libexec/getty std.1200"   vt100   on secure
     # dialup at 1200 baud, no root logins
     ttyd0   "/usr/libexec/getty d1200"	     dialup  on	     # 555-1234
     # Mike's terminal: hp2621
     ttyh0   "/usr/libexec/getty std.9600"   hp2621-nl	     on	     # 457 Evans
     # John's terminal: vt100
     ttyh1   "/usr/libexec/getty std.9600"   vt100   on		     # 459 Evans
     # terminal emulate/window system
     ttyv0   "/usr/new/xterm -L :0"	     vs100   on window="/usr/new/Xvs100 0"
     # Network pseudo ttys -- don't enable getty
     ttyp0   none    network
     ttyp1   none    network off


     login(1), getttyent(3), ttyslot(3), gettytab(5), termcap(5), getty(8),

     A ttys file appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.

BSD				 June 4, 1993				   BSD

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