YACC(1)YACC(1)NAMEyacc - yet another compiler-compiler
SYNOPSISyacc [ option ... ] grammar
Yacc converts a context-free grammar and translation code into a set of
tables for an LR(1) parser and translator. The grammar may be ambigu‐
ous; specified precedence rules are used to break ambiguities.
The output file, y.tab.c, must be compiled by the C compiler to produce
a program This program must be loaded with a lexical analyzer function,
yylex(void) (often generated by lex(1)), with a main(int argc, char
*argv) program, and with an error handling routine, yyerror(char*).
The options are
-o output Direct output to the specified file instead of y.tab.c.
-Dn Create file y.debug, containing diagnostic messages. To
incorporate them in the parser, compile it with preprocessor
symbol yydebug defined. The amount of diagnostic output
from the parser is regulated by value n. The value 0
reports errors; 1 reports reductions; higher values (up to
4) include more information about state transitions.
-v Create file y.output, containing a description of the pars‐
ing tables and of conflicts arising from ambiguities in the
-d Create file y.tab.h, containing #define statements that as‐
sociate yacc-assigned `token codes' with user-declared
`token names'. Include it in source files other than
y.tab.c to give access to the token codes.
-s stem Change the prefix of the file names y.tab.c, y.tab.h,
y.debug, and y.output to stem.
-S Write a parser that uses Stdio instead of the print routines
The specification of yacc itself is essentially the same as the UNIX
version described in the references mentioned below. Besides the -D
option, the main relevant differences are:
The interface to the C environment is by default through
<libc.h> rather than <stdio.h>; the -S option reverses this.
The parser accepts UTF input text (see utf(6)), which has a cou‐
ple of effects. First, the return value of yylex() no longer
fits in a short; second, the starting value for non-terminals is
now 0xE000 rather than 257.
The generated parser can be recursive: actions can call yyparse,
for example to implement a sort of #include statement in an
Finally, some undocumented inner workings of the parser have
been changed, which may affect programs that know too much about
parser prototype using stdio
S. C. Johnson and R. Sethi, ``Yacc: A parser generator'', Unix Research
System Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2
B. W. Kernighan and Rob Pike, The UNIX Programming Environment, Pren‐
tice Hall, 1984
The parser may not have full information when it writes to y.debug so
that the names of the tokens returned by may be missing.